Presentation on theme: "Check, Call, Care Canadian Red Cross Chpt 4. Check Environment Is it safe for me to enter? Check for “fire, wire, gas, glass” How did it happen? How many."— Presentation transcript:
Check, Call, Care Canadian Red Cross Chpt 4
Check Environment Is it safe for me to enter? Check for “fire, wire, gas, glass” How did it happen? How many ill or injured people are there? Is there someone to help me? Is anyone unconscious?
Check person ABC’s Airway Breathing Circulation
Check person Does the person respond? Ask “Are you okay?” If no response, tap their shoulder Does the person want your help?
Checking the ABC’s should take no more than 5-10 seconds Check Airway Check Breathing Check Circulation
Call EMS and get an AED EMS – Emergency Medical Service AED – Automated External Defibrillator
Care for all life- threatening conditions first
Shock Shock is a potentially life-threatening condition in which vital organs do not receive enough oxygen-rich blood Shock can be caused injury, illness, infection or emotion Treat everybody for shock
Secondary Survey Only do SS if ABC’s are present Ask SAMPLE questions Check the quality of the vital signs Do a Head-To-Toe check Always complete the SS before treating any non-life threatening injuries
SAMPLE Questions S – Signs and Symptoms (what you See) A – Allergies M – Medications P – Past Medical History L – Last Meal E – Events leading up to the injury or illness
Hands-off Check Person is conscious and able to respond If able, and it does not cause pain, ask them to systematically move various parts of the body Note where pain or lack of fuction is occuring You may guide them verbally through this process
Hands-on Check Person is unconscious and unable to respond Do NOT move parts of body if you suspect spinal cord or head injury! Gently touch each part of the body, noting any bleeding, swelling, abnormal spots Begin at head and move down to the feet
Continual Care Continue to monitor for ABC’s Continue to treat for shock Reassure the person and keep them comfortable Continue to assess vital signs