Presentation on theme: "When lightning struck. Do you think taking a flight is safe or not? Why or why not? Where is the safest place to sit on an airplane?"— Presentation transcript:
When lightning struck
Do you think taking a flight is safe or not? Why or why not? Where is the safest place to sit on an airplane?
What happened to the plane? And what did it have to do?
The structure of the text ParagraphsMain idea The author tells us about the setting and the unexpected happening, and introduces some main characters including the writer. This part narrates and delineates the feelings, thoughts, and actions of the writer and other passengers on the plane when they were faced with the dangerous situation.
ParagraphsMain idea This part tells the readers what the passengers saw and did after they landed safely. These two paragraphs constitute the last part of this story.
lightning n.n. a powerful flash of light in the sky caused by electricity passing from one cloud to another or to the earth, usually followed by thunder e.g.1. He runs as fast as lightning 2. The Dubai tower has been struck by lightning.
slam v. shut loudly and with force e.g. 1. She slammed out of the room. 2. I heard the door slam behind him. n. an act of slamming sth./the noise of sth. being slammed e.g. She gave the door a hard slam. jolt v. shake forcefully e.g. The train jolted into motion. n. a sudden forceful shake e.g. The plane landed with a jolt.
swerve n. the act of turning aside or being turned aside from a straight course e.g. The car made a sudden swerve to avoid the dog. v. (1) suddenly turn to one side while moving along e.g. The car swerved suddenly to avoid the dog. (2) to change from an idea, course of action, purpose etc. swerve from e.g.1. He would never swerve from the truth. 2. He will not be swerved from his course once his mind's made up.
unbolt v. unlock; release the bolts of sth. (a door for example) e.g. The shopkeeper unbolted the door and let the customers in.
scramble v. (1)move quickly over rocks or up a hill, especially with difficulty, using your hands to help you e.g. 1. The boys scrambled over the wall. 2. Tourists were scrambling over the rocks looking for the perfect camera angle. (2) Struggle or compete with others, especially to get sth. or a share of sth. scramble for sth./ to do sth. e.g. 1.Shoppers were scrambling to get the best bargains. 2.Graduates scramble for jobs.
lunge v. (~ at/forward sb./sth.) to make a sudden powerful forward movement in order to attack sb. e.g. 1. She lunged at me with a knife. 2. John lunged forward and grabbed him by the throat. n. a sudden powerful forward movement e.g. Brad made a lunge towards his opponent, but missed. lung n. either of the two organs in the chest that you use when breathing e.g. ~ cancer
bee n. (1)a black and yellow flying insect that can sting e.g. Bees were buzzing in the flowers. (2) (AmE, informal) a social gathering where people meet for work, competition, and amusement. e.g. All the housewives in the neighbourhood held a sewing bee.
put away (1) put sth. in the place where it is usually kept e.g.1. He is in the habit of putting the books away after he reads them. 2. Please put away the chairs and desks before leaving the classroom. (2) save (money) for later use e.g. As an economical wife, she puts away some money each month.
pull oneself together : control oneself; become calm e.g. 1. He was able to pull himself together in the face of danger and hardship. 2. Stop crying and pull yourself together! You‘re not a baby any more! pull together : help each other or work together in order to deal with a difficult situation. e.g. The nation was urged to pull together to get through the disaster.
reassure to say or do sth. that make sb. less frightened or worried e.g. 1. They tried to reassure her, but she still felt anxious. 2. The doctor reassured him that there was nothing seriously wrong. reassuring adj. e.g. It's reassuring (to know) that we've got the money if necessary.
assure to tell (sb.) that something is really true or will happen e.g. She's perfectly safe, I can assure you.
confide v. (~ to/in sb.) to tell sb secrets and personal information that you do not want other people to know e.g. 1. He confided to me that he had applied for another job. 2. He confided to his friends that he didn't have much hope for his marriage. 3. She used to confide in him whenever she had a problem. 4. I've never felt able to confide in my sister.
indiscriminate adj. (1) unselective; not carefully chosen e.g. His wife has an indiscriminate taste in music. We don’t like her indiscriminate application of cosmetics. (2) an indiscriminate action is done without thought about what the result may be, especially when it causes people to be harmed e.g. ~ attacks/killing/violence
discriminate v. to differentiate ~(between A and B) e.g. 1. The computer program was unable to discriminate between letters and numbers. 2. When do babies learn to discriminate voices?
squeeze n. (1) an act of pressing sth, usually with your hands e.g. 1. She gave my hand a gentle squeeze. 2. Give the tube another squeeze. (2) ~ sth (out): to get liquid out of sth by pressing or twisting it hard e.g. to squeeze the juice from a lemon He took off his wet clothes and squeezed the water out.
excruciating : extremely painful/suffering e.g. The pain in my back was excruciating. I was in excruciating pain. excruciate v. torture
panic : n. an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety v. to suddenly feel frightened (panicked;panicking) e.g. The crowd panicked at the sound of the guns. Collocation: panic sb. into doing sth. (usu. passive) e.g. We will not be panicked into making a decision before we have considered all the evidence.
screech : v./n. make an unpleasant high sharp sound, esp. because of terror or pain e.g. When a man was peering in at her, she screeched in fright and drew the curtains. Synonym: scream The boy’s screeches brought his mother. The brakes screeched.
soothing : adj. making less angry, anxious, painful, etc. Mother’s words produced a soothing effect on her agitated son. e.g. He would take her in his arms and soothe her. soothe away : to remove a pain or an unpleasant feeling e.g. The pain can be soothed away with massage. e.g. soothe v. to make sb. feel calm
transfer : v. 1) (cause to) move or change from one vehicle to another in the course of a journey e.g. 1.At London we transferred from the train to a bus. 2.I transferred from a bus to an underground train. 2) move from one place, job, position, etc. to another e.g. The head office has been transferred from London to New York. Comparison: transfer, transform transform: completely change the appearance, form or character of something or someone, esp. in a way that improves it
Practice: 1) In the last 20 years Korea has been into an advanced industrial power. 2) The company has to an eastern location. ______________ transformed ____________ transferred
alternative : adj. alternate that can be used instead of something else an ~ method of doing sth We returned by the ~ road. e.g.
cling: v. clung,clung hold tightly; stick firmly 1.They clung to one another as they said good-bye. 2.His wet shirt clung to his body. e.g. cling (on) to sth: to insist to believe or do sth. e.g. 1. Throughout the trial she had clung to the belief that he was innocent. 2. He had one last hope to cling on to.
lament v. to express sorrow or regret e.g. 1. The whole lamented the death of their great leader. 2. She sat alone weeping, lamenting her fate.
glinting adj. flashing or gleaming e.g. Her glinting gold ring attracts all our attention. glint v./n. e.g. 1. The sea glinted in the moonlight. 2. There was a glint of humor in his eyes.
indebted adj. 1) (be ~ to sb.) grateful to sb. for helping you e.g. I’m deeply ~ to my family for all their help. synonym: appreciative/grateful/obliged 2) owing money to someone e.g. heavily ~ companies indebtedness n. debt n. be in debt
clutch v. to hold sb./sth. tightly e.g. 1) She stood there, the flowers still clutched in her hand. 2) I staggered and had to clutch at a chair for support. synonym: grip/grasp
1.I scrambled up the cliff for a good view of the sea. 2.He lunged at the burglar and wrestled with him for the weapon. 3.I figure that our national economy will continue to develop rapidly. 4.The chairman made an effort to reassure the shareholders that the company’s bad results would not be repeated. 5.Stop acting like a baby. Pull yourself together!
6. Being a very private man, he does not confide in anyone. 7. We all hate the terrorists’ indiscriminate violence against ordinary people. 8. Many people in this country are alarmed by the dramatic increase in violent crimes. 9. We anticipated that the enemy would try to cross the river. That was why we destroyed the bridge. 10. I’m greatly indebted to all the people who worked so hard to make the party a great success.
Our boat floated on, / between walls of forest. / Nowhere did we find a place / where we could have landed. / In any case, / what would we have got by landing? / The country was full of snakes / and other dangerous animals, / and the forest was so thick / that one would be able to advance only slowly, / cutting one’s way with knives the whole day. / We live on fish, / caught with a homemade net of string, / and any fruit and nuts / we could pick up out of the water. / As we had no fire, / we had to eat everything uncooked, / including the fish. / As for water, / there was a choice: / we could drink the muddy river water, / or die of thirst.
Revise the following choppy sentences. 1. If you give a man a fish, you feed him for a day; if you teach him how to catch fish, you feed him for a lifetime. 2. We can lose a pint of blood without feeling anything, but if we lose a great deal of blood, we feel weak and cold. 3. Don’t pretend to know what you don’t and don’t pretend not to know what you really know. 4. If you want someone on your side, if you want to persuader someone to see your point of view, one of the best ways is to approach him with sincere kindness and caring. 5. Successful people are on a permanent vacation, not because they don’t work hard but because they love what they do.
6. Don’t keep things which do not belong to you; don’t love the person who does not care about you. 7. Helen took dance classes, but she had no natural grace or sense of rhythm, so eventually gave up the idea of becoming a dancer. 8. When bears emerge from hibernation in the spring, they wander through wetlands and feed mainly on grasses. 9. Exhausted, I stared at the page, unable to comprehend a single word. 10. The five-year-old boy asked his father a question about death.
having the seat belt fastened on catch another flight to continue her journey he had completed his announcement controlled my feelings and began behaving calmly again land successfully and safely panicked
assured/convinced random agreeable lightly lengthen destruction people's liberation army