Reasons for Accidents in the Home Careless/forgetful people, curious/active toddlers. Faulty equipment or wiring Badly constructed buildings Careless storage of harmful substances By chance
Most Common Accidents in the Home Burns/scalds Falls Cuts Poisoning Electrocution Choking/suffocation A fatal accident is where someone dies as a result
Preventing Falls Wipe up spills Do not over-polish floors. Rugs should have non-slip back Avoid trailing flexes Stairs – well lit Keep stairs clear Use stair gates with toddlers Avoid cluttered floors Use proper steps when reaching high shelves
Safety with Medicine Store in original container Keep in locked press out of reach of children Dispose of out of date medicine Never use medicine prescribed for one person for someone else.
Fire Safety Use fire guards Do not hang clothes near open fire Do not move portable heaters when lit Switch off and unplug electrical appliances at night, do not leave on standby Never put hot ashes in plastic bins Never smoke in bed Never leave chip pans unattended
Small Fire Use fire blanket or extinguisher to put out the fire. Never use water on electrical fire or oil/fat. Call fire brigade if unable to extinguish fire
Larger Fires Raise the alarm Get everyone out of the house closing windows and doors if possible Never re-enter burning building Call fire brigade
Fire safety equipment for the home Smoke alarms Fire guards Fire blanket Fire extinguisher
First Aid Aims of first aid: To preserve life. To prevent condition from worsening To reassure victim To provide comfort
In the case of a serious accident 1.Stay calm, act quickly 2.Call or get someone to call for emergency services. 3.Check if patient is conscious. 4.If unconscious check for breathing and pulse, use CPR if necessary.
In the case of a serious accident 1.If there is a pulse and breathing, check for bleeding and apply pressure to stop bleeding 2. Do not move the patient unless they are in danger. 3.Do not give patient anything to eat or drink. 4.Make patient comfortable, keep them warm and talk to them until help arrives.
First Aid for Burns and Scalds A burn is cause by dry heat, a scald is caused by moist heat e.g. hot liquid or steam. Minor 1.Submerge area in cool water until pain eases. 1.Spray with burn spray if you wish, do not apply lotion or ointment 1.Cover with sterile dressing Major burns/scalds If clothing is on fire, pour water on victim or wrap in blanket to extinguish the fire. Do not remove clothes that are stuck to the wound but cover any exposed areas with a clean dry cloth to stop infection. Treat for shock by raising victim’s legs and loosening any tight clothing. Cover to protect from heat los Get medical help
Burns & Scalds
Cuts If cut is deep with blood spurting from it, apply pressure to the cut with a clean pad and get medical help. For less serious cuts: Wash wound with warm water and antiseptic. Ensure that there is nothing embedded in the wound such as dirt or glass Dry carefully and cover with clean dressing If the wound is deep, it may need to be stitched by a doctor.
Nose Bleed 1.Lean forward 2.Squeeze the nostrils 3.Avoid blowing your nose for a while
Choking Caused by a blockage in the airways, victim cannot breath. First aid must be given quickly. Children: Place the child face down over your knees, support head with one hand Slap child 4 times between shoulder blades. Adults: Use Heimlich manoeuvre. Stand behind victim, clasp hands under rib cage, pull hands sharply in and upwards, repeat as necessary.
Falls If victim is unable to move: Do not move victim unless in danger. Cover and send for medical help. Strain or sprain Apply cold compress to area for 30mins, reduce swelling. Dry and wrap in bandage, rest and elevate. If in doubt treat as fracture
Fainting Anyone feeling faint should sit down and lean forward so that their head is between their knees. If person has already fainted they should remain lying down for 10 mins. before standing again If a person fails to regain consciousness within 2minutes get medical help.
Poisoning 1.If substance has been swallowed bring patient to hospital immediately 2.Bring also the container of the substance was in. 3. If victim is unconscious, place him in recovery position and call ambulance 4.If you are sure what the person has taken is not corrosive, make the victim vomit and bring a sample of the vomit to the hospital 5.If poison is corrosive, do not induce vomiting, give milk to neutralise
Stings Bee Stings – Bread Soda Wasp stings - Vinegar
First aid box Well stocked Conveniently placed Out of reach of children Clean and tidy Antiseptic Cotton wool Scissors Plasters Sterile bandage Sterile dressing Burn-spray Safety pins Thermometer Tweezers Surgical gloves