Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Pain Management and Documentation

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Pain Management and Documentation"— Presentation transcript:

1 Pain Management and Documentation
What When Where Procedure changes and a refocus on quality patient pain management Not control or even complete relief but addressed in a compassionate manner

2 Pain Pain is a symptom that signals distress in diverse populations of all ages Pain – “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage” International Association for the Study of Pain Patients have the right to have their pain needs assessed and addressed. Nurses and physicians should be aware of these needs and work to relieve pain if possible. Look at the Patient Bill of rights

3 Self Report of Pain Patients who are alert and have the ability to communicate appropriately Adults of all ages Children about 5 years or more

4 Self Report of Pain Scale of 0-10 Faces
0 = no pain 10 = worst possible pain Google Faces Smiling = no pain Crying = worst possible pain Page C15 Most common easy to use

5 Unable to Self Report Pain is difficult to measure when the patient is not able to tell you about their pain: Unconscious Advanced Dementia Limited cognitive ability Infants under the age of 5 years Use PAINAD scale for dementia, unconscious patients Use FLACC scale for children ages 0-5 years of age or children who cannot self-report

6 Unable to Self Report: FLACC
Use on neonates, infants, and children to age 5 Observe and recognize associated behavioral and physiologic responses Difficult to recognize Limit or avoid unnecessary noxious stimuli – acoustic, visual, tactile Page C15b

7 FLACC Scale Face Legs Activity Cry 1 2 Consol- ability Smiling or
Smiling or relaxed Relaxed Lying quietly Not crying Content, 1 Occasional grimace Squirming Squirming and shifting back & forth Moans & whimpers Reassured by occ. touching, hugging, distractable 2 Clenched jaw & quivering chin Kicking Arched, rigid, or jerking Crying steadily, screams or sobs Difficult to console or comfort

8 Treatment Measures: Infants
Comfort Measures Swaddling, pacifier, positioning Oral administration of sucrose “sweetie” Analgesia Skilled personnel – venipuncture less painful than heel stick

9 Unable to Self Report: PAINAD
Lack of ability to self report Cognitive disorder – cerebral palsy, head trauma, dementia, unconscious Requires special consideration during assessment of pain Multiple tools exist, but many have not been validated for reliability in a clinical setting

10 PAINAD Scale This tool, while developed primarily for use in patients with advanced dementia can be used in other patients who lack the ability to report their pain Assesses five areas Breathing independent of vocalization Negative vocalization Facial expression Body language Consolablity Scale: Page C15b

11 Smiling or inexpressive
PAINAD Scale 1 2 Score Breathing independent of vocalization Normal Occ. labored breathing. Short period of hyperventilation Noisy labored breathing. Long periods of hyper- ventilation. Cheyne-Stokes respirations. Negative vocalization None Occ. moan or groan. Low level speech with a neg. or disapproving quality Repeated trouble calling out. Loud moaning or groaning. Crying. Facial expression Smiling or inexpressive Sad. Frightened. Frown. Facial grimacing Body Language Relaxed Tense. Distressed pacing. Fidgeting. Rigid. Fists clenched. Knees pulled up. Pulling or pushing away. Striking out. Consolability No need to console Distracted or reassured by voice or touch Unable to console, distract, or reassure. Total

12 Surrogate Reporting of Pain
Don’t forget the help that can come from a caregiver who really knows and understands patient’s behavior

13 When to Assess All patients regardless of where they enter the healthcare setting should have their pain level assessed on admission Triage Admission Inpatient Outpatient

14 The NEXT Assessment Timing of the next assessment varies based on location of care and needs of the patient Inpatients (ICU, 2 East, 3 East) At least q 12 hours 60 minutes post any intervention – medication, repositioning, etc At discharge

15 ODA ED PACU On return from surgery 60 minutes post any intervention
At discharge from ODA ED Determined by category and patient condition PACU 2 – 20 minutes post any intervention Determined by patient condition

16 Special Circumstances
ODA and OR - Prior to surgery the nurse will check with anesthesia regarding need for pain relief due to the medication that will be given as sedation or anesthesia during actual procedure MBU – many obstetric patients receive an epidural catheter for pain relief during labor and delivery The catheter is placed by anesthesia and medication is delivered by anesthesia initially and placed placed on a pump for continued pain relief Nurses continue to assess patient’s pain needs at least q 1 hour

17 Patient Controlled Analgesia
PCA Ordered by physician Consult Anesthesia Document initial pain relief Assess and document pain level at least q 2 hours NOTE – PATIENT CONTROLLED ONLY

18 Barriers to Pain Management
Attitudes, biases Misinformation about addiction Fear of legal problems Worries about side effects

19 Addiction Fewer than 2 in 10,000 patients with pain will become addicted to an opioid.

20 Patient Attitudes Afraid of addiction Misinformed “Strong”
Remember to consider your patient’s cultural, religious, and social backgrounds

21 Education Discuss with patients and document their role in pain relief
Pain should be reported If no relief, physician to be notified Expected pain Intractable pain

22 If the patient says he/she is in pain…they are in pain.
Remember…. If the patient says he/she is in pain…they are in pain.

23 Pain Management must be a
Team Effort!

Download ppt "Pain Management and Documentation"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google