4 Questions for the above video The Roots of WWIIQuestions for the above videoHow did the German soldiers feel when they returned from WWI?To understand Hitler, we must first understand this.What did Hitler do when he first took power in 1933?
5 Handout: The Treaty of Versailles and the Rise of Hitler Cause and ConsequenceHandout: The Treaty of Versailles and the Rise of Hitler
6 JapanJapan felt justified in expanding its colonial empire, just as other European empires have done historically. (Britain, France)In 1931, Japan takes Manchuria, a Chinese region, for its carbon and iron resources.
7 The League of Nations did not come to China’s aid. In 1937, Japan began a strong attack on China, eventually further conquering Korea and French-Indo China (Vietnam)
8 The Violation of the Treaty of Versailles Hitler assumes control on January 30, His political ideologies appeal to the much of the German public.High level of unemployment and frustrationA weak Weimar governmentImpressive Nazi propaganda =>Hitler immediately begins to violate the Treaty of Versailles by rearming Germany.
9 Violation of the Treaty of Versailles Creation of the LuftwaffeGermany’s army doubles with conscription.
10 Violation of the Treaty of Versailles June 1935 Anglo-German Naval Accord England acknowledges the end of the Treaty and allows Germany to have a naval force 1/3 the size of their own to avoid an arms race similar to prior WWI.
11 RearmamentGreat Britain and France begin to increase their own militaries in fear of the German threat.Russia too, under Stalin, begins to increase their military strength to protect their Communist regime.
12 Italian Imperialism October 1935 Fascist Italy under Benito Mussolini invades Abyssinia (Ethiopia) to extend their empire and establish an African presence.
13 New BFF… The Fascist dictators Mussolini (left) and Hitler (right) become friends(photo prise par Eva Braun, 1940)
14 The Violation of the Treaty of Versailles continues... March 1936German forces establish their presence in the Rhineland, between France and Belgium.
15 The Violation of the Treaty of Versailles…. German-Austrian Union March 1938 – AnschlussGerman-Austrian Union
16 June 1938Germany takes the Sudetenland,A region belonging to Czechoslovakia.
17 A Sudeten Woman crying tears of joy at the German annexation.
18 « Peace in our time » - Chamberlain September 1938 – At the Munich Conference, Hitler invites the leaders of the world to reassure them he does not want any more territory… (Would you trust Hitler at this point?)Prior to signing the Munich Agreement. Left to Right: Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini, Ciano
19 * Britain and France ceded to Germany’s word, hoping to avoid another war. This political move is now known as AppeasementSoviet Poster of the 1930s by Kukryniksy on the Munich Agreement
25 Furthermore, Stalin and Hitler agree to divide eastern Poland and Eastern Europe amongst themselves.
26 Germany invades Poland without fear of Soviet response. September 1st, 1939Germany invades Polandwithout fear of Soviet response.September 3rd, 1939Great Britain and Francedeclare war against Germany.September 10th, 1939Canada declares war against Germany.