2Aims: Where the Rhineland region was. Why Hitler was determined to reoccupy the Rhineland.Reactions to the reoccupation.
3Where is the Rhineland??? Collect a map of Europe and an atlas. Find a map of Germany in the atlas.Locate the River Rhine.Trace the River Rhine onto your map.Shade in the area west of the River Rhine red and label it ‘The Rhineland, March 1936’.
6The Importance of the Rhineland 15 million Germanslived in the Rhineland.France had originally wanted the area incorporated into herself.It had been demilitarised through the Treaty of Versailles.Demilitarisation had been reinforced through the 1925 Treaty of Locarno.
7Why ImportantHitler needed control of his borders before he could turn his attention to his other foreign policy aims.He wanted to test the reaction of Britain and France.A successful remilitarisation would enhance his reputation within Germany.This may not be seen as overtly aggressive as it is German territory.
8TasksComplete questions 2 and 4 from page 18 of your work guide.
9Reaction to the Reoccupation Aims:Examine the reaction of the British and French after Germany reoccupied the Rhineland.Understand how to use a cartoon to identify opinions.
10The German ReactionGerman troops were welcomed by the German people as they entered the Rhineland.Hitler tried to show other countries in Europe that there was nothing to worry about.Hitler made vague promises to:1) Negotiate a new demilitarised zone.2) Return to the League3) Begin disarmament talks again.
12Rhineland Cartoon Part of Cartoon Describe What You See What Does This Represent?123456
13Rhineland CartoonThe Germans were planning to conquer countries just like the Ancient Romans.The German army was rearming.The warm welcome the Germany army received in the Rhineland.A symbol of peace – Hitler made vague offers to reassure countries.Germany’s actions had broken a treaty.The form of marching that the German used.
14The French ReactionThought the German army was much bigger than it actually was.They would not take action without support from Britain
15The British Reaction ‘They are only going into their own back garden’ Lord LothianMilitary intervention would be ‘outof proportion to what Germanyhad done’Stanley Baldwin – Prime Minister
16The British Reaction Overall there was no desire to take action: No great opposition from public.Many politicians felt that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh on GermanyFranco-Soviet Pact made Germany feel threatened.The Rhineland was German territoryHitler’s offers calmed any fears.
17How useful is this source as evidence of Britain’s reaction to the Reoccupation of the Rhineland? AuthorshipDatePurposeDetailBiasExaggeration
18Hitler’s Viewpoint ‘The 48 hours after the march into the Rhineland were the most nerve-racking of my life. If the French hasthen marched into the Rhineland, wewould have had to withdraw with ourtails between our legs.’
19British Viewpoints ‘The Treaty of Versailles was far too hard on Germany. Germany is attacking nobody. They arenot threatening anyone. As Lord Lothian saidyesterday, Hitler is only moving troops into his ownback garden. How can we possibly punish theGermans for moving soldiers into their own country.Has Germany attacked anyone? No. Has Germanyinvaded anyone? No. Hitler has simply taken stepsto protect Germany’s borders. By allowing Hitlerto alter the treaty slightly we remove anothercause of argument between us and theGermans’British Foreign Secretary, Sir Anthony Eden, March1936.
20British Viewpoints ‘Hitler is on the warpath. Last year he rearmed, and broke the treaty.This year he has moved troops intothe Rhineland, and broken thetreaty. What next? How long willwe hide from the reality that this man isa threat to European peace. We must dosomething to stop him now!’The East Lothian News, March 1936
21TasksComplete activities 11, 12 and 13 from pages of your work guide.If you were alive in 1936 would you agree to send young British soldiers to fight and possibly die in the Rhineland?Write a short paragraph outlining your view.Now copy the paragraph ‘Consequences of the Remilitarisation of the Rhineland’ at the bottom of page 21.