Presentation on theme: "HEALTH AND NUTRITION FOR THE YOUNG ATHLETE Dr"— Presentation transcript:
1HEALTH AND NUTRITION FOR THE YOUNG ATHLETE Dr HEALTH AND NUTRITION FOR THE YOUNG ATHLETE Dr. Diane Dubinsky August 26, 2003
2INTRODUCITON Young athletes are not merely small adults. Their bones, muscles, and ligaments are still growingThey grow and develop at different ratesAt age 9, the weight of a child can vary as much as 50 lbs.!Height and weight discrepancies make them more vulnerable to injury
3It is the responsibility of the parents and coaches to ensure that each child’s body is respected for its stage of growth and that no child is pushed to the point of injury.
4INJURIES IN THE YOUNG ALTHETE Federal data indicate that there are approximately 227,000 injuries to children ages 7-17 each year due to soccer alone15% of these injuries are due to overuse
5Assessing Pain in the Young Athlete Children often experience some discomfort with athletic activity – usually expressed as minor aches and painsDue to the risk of serious injury in the child, their complaints always deserve careful attentionSometimes it is difficult to determine if a child has a “real” injuryPAIN is the body’s response to injury.
6Assessing Pain Each person feels pain differently “Does it hurt a lot?” – What does this mean?Use the Rule of “1-10” to help assess pain in childrenThis requires advance preparationAsk child to remember previous injuries and rate the minor pains as a “1” and the worst pain they have ever felt as a “10”Use this scale when you are on the field or sideline.
7Assessing InjuryDoes the child “use” the affected area? (e.g. can they bear weight?)If use or bearing weight increase the pain – DO NOT PLAYIs it swollen?R-I-C-ERest, Ice, Compression, ElevationIf so, DO NOT PLAYIs there numbness, tingling, or shooting pain? If so, DO NOT PLAY
8Assessing Injury – Cont. Respect a child’s reaction to painIf crying or scared – reassure and DO NOT PLAYNEVER expect a child to “work through the pain”Often injured athletes want to “tough it out”Coaches and parents must be “tough” to protect young players.Don’t be afraid to take a child out of the game!
9Common InjuriesSTRAIN – muscle injury caused by over stretching or over exertion of the muscleSigns and Symptoms – pain with movement, accompanied with little or no swellingTreatment – rest, ice if needed (acute) – heat (later)SPRAIN – ligaments are stretched or torn, usually associated with joint injuriesSigns and Symptoms - “pop” or “snap” is felt, inability to bear weight, loss of motion, swelling, discolorationTreatment – R-I-C-E, medical evaluation, x-ray
10When to See A DoctorInability to play following an acute or sudden injuryDecreased ability to play because of chronic or long-tern complications following an injuryVisible deformity of the athlete’s arms or legsSever pain from acute injuries which prevent the use of an arm or leg
11Growth Plate InjuriesGrowth plate is a soft area near the ends of the bones that allow the bones to growPhysics 101 – a force will affect the weakest area first – therefore, in a child, the growth plate is more likely to be injured rather than the ligaments.An injury that normally would cause a sprain in an adult, is more likely to cause a growth plate injury in a child.Sprains in children should be evaluated by a physician
12OSGOOD-SCHLATTER What is it? The patellar (knee) tendon inserts into the tibial tuberosity (growth plate) just below the kneeOveruse (constant pulling) of the tendon on the soft growing bone causes inflammation, pain, and swellingIce massage before and after games helpsAnti-inflammatory medication at the direction of your physician may helpLet the athlete allow the pain to guide their activity
13Head InjuryLoss of Consciousness – call 911 – even if child regains consciousnessConcussion –Dizziness, headache, sensitivity to lightNausea, vomiting, amnesia, memory lossNEVER ALLOW A CHILD WITH A HEAD INJURY BACK ONTO THE FIELD WITHOUT MEDICAL EVALUATION!
14FLUIDS Water, water, water Don’t wait for thirst Sports drinks Contain high amounts of sodium and potassiumOnly needed for endurance athletes - > 90 minutes of aerobic activityChildren like to imitate adult – if they’ll drink, its better than them not drinkingHow much water?3-8 ounces 20 minutes prior to game/practice3-8 ounces every 20 minutes during game/practice6-8 ounces after game/practice
15NUTRITION Teach young athletes about good nutrition Foods high in carbohydrates provide athletes with the energy their muscles needHealthy carbohydrates - whole grains, etcEncourage 4 servings per day of calcium-rich foods like milk, cheese, yogurtEncourage 4-5 servings per day of fruits and vegetablesSUPPLEMENTS ARE NOT NECESSARY!
16HEALTHY CARBOHYDRATE SNACKS Whole-grain ready-to-eat cereal with low-fat or skim milkLow-fat fruit flavored yogurtPeanut butter on whole wheat toast and ½ appleLean meat on pita bread with ½ cut orange juiceGraham or animal crackers and box of raisinsLow-fat frozen yogurt and 100% grape juiceOatmeal raisin cookie and low fat milkLow fat pudding, bagel, and 100% apple juice