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Chapter 11: Musculoskeletal Injuries. 151 AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2005 by The American National.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11: Musculoskeletal Injuries. 151 AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2005 by The American National."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 11: Musculoskeletal Injuries

2 151 AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2005 by The American National Red Cross All rights reserved. Injuries to the Musculoskeletal System  Injuries to the musculoskeletal system can be classified according to the body structures that are damaged. Some injuries may involve more than one structure.  Four basic types of musculoskeletal injuries are—  Fracture  Dislocation  Sprain  Strain

3 152 AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2005 by The American National Red Cross All rights reserved. Common Signals of Musculoskeletal Injuries  Signals of serious injury:  Deformity  Moderate or severe pain or discomfort, swelling and discoloration  Inability to move or use the affected body part  Bone fragments protruding from a wound  Victim feels bones grating or felt or heard a snap or pop at time of injury  Loss of circulation or sensation in an extremity  Tingling, cold or bluish color below the site of the injury  Cause of the injury that suggests the injury may be severe

4 153 AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2005 by The American National Red Cross All rights reserved. Care for Musculoskeletal Injuries  Check first for any life-threatening conditions.  Call or the local emergency number if —  The injury involves the head, neck or back.  The injury impairs walking or breathing.  You see or suspect a fracture or dislocation.  You see or suspect multiple musculoskeletal injuries.  Check for any non-life threatening conditions and care for any other injuries.

5 154 AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2005 by The American National Red Cross All rights reserved. General Care  The general care for musculoskeletal injuries includes following RICE:  Rest  Immobilize  Cold  Elevate  If you are unsure whether the injury is serious, care for it as if it is a serious injury.  Take steps to minimize shock.  Comfort and reassure the victim.

6 155 AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2005 by The American National Red Cross All rights reserved. Review  Sometimes it is difficult to tell whether an injury is a fracture, dislocation, sprain or strain.  If you cannot be sure which type of injury a victim might have, care for the injury as if it were serious.  If EMS personnel are on the way, do not move the victim.  Control any bleeding.  Take steps to minimize shock and monitor breathing and signs of circulation.  Questions?


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