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 Mr Walker, a 67 year old retired banker, is BIBA after falling at a club while intoxicated  On arrival he is hypertensive, agitated, confused and poorly.

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Presentation on theme: " Mr Walker, a 67 year old retired banker, is BIBA after falling at a club while intoxicated  On arrival he is hypertensive, agitated, confused and poorly."— Presentation transcript:

1  Mr Walker, a 67 year old retired banker, is BIBA after falling at a club while intoxicated  On arrival he is hypertensive, agitated, confused and poorly orientated  He smells strongly of alcohol and is very disinhibited, speaks loudly, is irrational and becomes hostile but apologises quickly  He is disturbing other patients, and he is taken into a single cubical when he slips, breaking his ulna and radius  He is given morphine for pain and is dehydrated  At 3am he is trying to climb out of bed and is confused Emergency Department Case Study B (1) Outline (from N Miles, NSCCAHS 2002)

2 1. What Triage category would you put this person in –on arrival –after the fall –at 3am 2.What are the different diagnoses 3.What strategies could you use with Mr Walker to manage his behaviour Emergency Department Case Study B (2) Questions – in small or large group(s)

3 4.What are the signs of Wernicke’s Encephalopathy, it this what Mr Walker is suffering from at 3.00am? 5.How would you know he is going from intoxication to withdrawal symptoms? 6.Where could you find information or advice on how to manage this situation? Emergency Department Case Study A (3)

4 This case study is best conducted with an Emergency Department (ED) nurse, preferably an CNS, CNE/CNC 1-2. These should be facilitated by the ED nurse 3. Approach in a calm manner, provide a quiet environment, reassure frequently, explain interventions, do not challenge or threaten patient, be aware of Zero Tolerance policies (refer to Guidelines Chapter 6 and 9.1 re: managing intoxication and alcohol intoxication) 4.Opthalmoplegia (reduced eye movement or nystagmus), ataxia & confusion – this diagnosis is possible – refer to Guidelines Chapter 9.1 Emergency Department Case Study B (4) Brief guide to answers for the questions

5 This case study is best conducted with an Emergency Department (ED) nurse, preferably an CNS, CNE/CNC 5. It can be difficult to assess: use alcohol withdrawal scales, look for objective signs of withdrawal, tremor & sweating, seek advice from specialist staff – withdrawal can commence prior to a blood alcohol level of 0 (refer to Guidelines Chapter 6 and 9.1) 6. Contact local D&A services – the Specialist Advisory Service hr refer to NSW Drug and Alcohol Withdrawal Clinical Practice Guidelines NSW Health Emergency Department Case Study B (4) Brief guide to answers for the questions


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