Presentation on theme: "Salvador Perez, Group #6: 2003 Exam Thematic Essay: Identify features of the eighteenth-century Agriculture Revolution and analyze its social and economic."— Presentation transcript:
Salvador Perez, Group #6: 2003 Exam Thematic Essay: Identify features of the eighteenth-century Agriculture Revolution and analyze its social and economic consequences. Critical Trigger Words: Identify (classify); Agriculture Revolution (Def. changes); analyze (show trends); social and economic consequences (list end results) Two Step Direction Phrase: Focus on
Introduction: Three Step Arc BP: New farming methods and economic problems NF: Mention shifts in economic/social status Dir: Focus on the events that took place and economic struggle
Introduction: The expansion and advancement in agricultural farming resulted in one of the most critical moments during the eighteenth century; the Agricultural Revolution. A chain reaction of events occurred during this Agricultural Revolution, as it engendered change in the social and economic status in the lives of many people in Europe. This essay will focus on the events that took place during this time period as well as its ramifications towards society and its people as food and money became scarce.
Body One Focus: How the Agricultural revolution began State where it began (Netherlands) and how Name check important contributors to the Agricultural Rev. Indicate the significance of the contributors
Body One: Due to a shortage of land that was needed to nourish a growing population, the Agricultural Revolution began in the Netherlands. The experimentation with new crops, such as clover and turnips, had increased the supply of animal fodder and restored the soil quickly. Many people contributed to the Agricultural Revolution, such as British men by the names of Jethro Tull, Robert Bakewell, and Charles “Turnip” Townshend. Tull’s methods permitted land to be cultivated for longer periods of time without having to leave it fallow. Bakewell pioneered new methods of animal breeding that produced more and better animals as well as more milk and meat. Townshend had instituted the practice of crop rotation, no loner needing to leave a fallow field.
Body Two Focus: Enclosure replaces the open-field system State what enclosure is How did it end up as a downfall to society? What was the result of the unsuccessful enclosure method?
Body Two During the first half of the eighteenth century, England’s communities of cultivators had made communal decisions in regards to what crops would be planted and had shared common pastures for the grazing of livestock. By the second half of the century, rising wheat prices resulted in landlords systematically enclosing their lands to use the land more rationally and to gain a bigger commercial profit. However, it brought turmoil to the countryside. Landlords fenced the common land which had functioned as common pastures and riots usually ensued. Though issues resulted, the introduction of maize and the potato was an important achievement from this time period.
Body Three Focus: population inflation Focus on what the actual increase in population was What caused this increase in population? Identify the outcomes of this population increase
Body Three: Soon, the population began to increase as the years went by. The population has risen from 110,000,000 in 1700 to 260,000,000 in 1850. The concept of “supply and demand” soon kicked in as the need to feed the on-going expanding population caused the price of food to rise. This drove innovation in agriculture to meet the demands. Death rates soon began to decline in many urban and rural areas and little diseases were common in the eighteenth century.
Conclusion: Looking ahead... Recap briefly how the Agricultural Rev. changed society The rise of population Long term effect: migration
Conclusion As the wealthy land owners were able to maintain their financial stability, they caused the series of innovations in farm production, otherwise known as the Agricultural Revolution. Population steadily increased, yet food supply became an important issue. As this population inflation lead to a new demand for food, jobs, and service, many ended up migrating to cities in search of better jobs and pay checks.
Miscellaneous: Essay is really a three-step process: Introduce the Agricultural Revolution and its significance Demonstrate its impact on society as it applies to both the working class and the upper class Explain its affect on the nations as a whole