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T RAVEL & T OURISM. T OURISM D EFINITIONS Tourist: people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive.

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Presentation on theme: "T RAVEL & T OURISM. T OURISM D EFINITIONS Tourist: people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive."— Presentation transcript:

1 T RAVEL & T OURISM

2 T OURISM D EFINITIONS Tourist: people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes Passport: passport use goes back to 12th Century Europe when citizens of neutral countries carried passport letters to allow safe travel through countries especially during a war

3 C AREERS IN TOURISM Travel Agents Tour guides Translators Hotel Staff Historians Graphic Designers (design promotional materials) Transportation (pilots, sailors, conductors, etc) Program Directors (cruise ships/resorts) Entertainers Writers/Bloggers

4 W HAT EVENTS HAVE CAUSED TRAVEL & TOURISM TO CHANGE ? Technology Cars Trains Buses Airplanes Internet Diplomacy Safety in other countries NATO Health Care Vaccines Epidemics Business Push towards global Global offices

5 H OW HAS TRAVEL CHANGED IN THE U.S.? 1700’s 1800’s 1900’s 1920’s 1930’s 1940’s 1950’s 1960’s 1970’s 1980’s 1990’s 2000’s

6 H OW HAS TRAVEL CHANGED R ECENTLY ? Consolidation of traditional tourism destinations, like those in Western Europe and North America Geographical expansion & diversification of destinations Tourism has become a major player in the economy of developing countries. New Ideas, Restrictions, Concepts Destination Hotels Jumbo Jets Frequent Flier Miles TSA & Flight Restrictions Destination Weddings

7 T RAVEL I NDUSTRY S TATISTICS The contribution of tourism to economic activity worldwide is estimated at some 5%. Tourism's contribution to employment is 6-7% of the overall number of jobs worldwide (direct and indirect). From 1950 to 2010, international tourism arrivals expanded at an annual rate of ‎‎ 6.2%, growing from 25 million to 940 million. ‎ The income generated by these arrivals grew at an even stronger rate reaching around ‎ US$ 919 billion in ‎ While in 1950 the top 15 destinations absorbed 88% of international arrivals, in ‎‎ 1970 the proportion was 75% and 55% in 2010, reflecting the ‎ emergence of new destinations, many of them in developing countries. ‎ As growth has been particularly fast in the world's emerging regions, the share in international tourist arrivals received by emerging and developing countries has steadily risen, from 32% in 1990 to 47% in

8 W HAT DO YOU THINK THE FUTURE HOLDS FOR TOURISM & T RAVEL ?


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