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Imperialism. What Is Imperialism? Definition:Definition: A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism. What Is Imperialism? Definition:Definition: A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism

2 What Is Imperialism? Definition:Definition: A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically or sociallyA policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically or socially

3 Motives For Imperialism

4 a)Loss of New World Empires: France, Great Britain, Spain, & Portugal all lost colonies in the 18 th – 19 th centuriesFrance, Great Britain, Spain, & Portugal all lost colonies in the 18 th – 19 th centuries

5 b)Economic: The IR created a higher demand for new sources of raw materials & new markets for productsThe IR created a higher demand for new sources of raw materials & new markets for products Motives For Imperialism

6 c)Nationalism: Prestige, strategic locations, greed, ethnocentrismPrestige, strategic locations, greed, ethnocentrism

7 d)“Civilizing” Missions: The desire to spread Western cultureThe desire to spread Western culture Spread the Christian messageSpread the Christian message Belief in European superiorityBelief in European superiority Social DarwinismSocial Darwinism Motives For Imperialism

8 Factors Promoting Imperialism Europeans had an overwhelming advantage- Technology! –Military: Maxim machine gun. –Transportation: RR + Steamships. –Communication: Telegraph (Telephone) New protection against disease: Quinine African Problems Existed – –Lack of unity between tribes –Wars between ethnic groups.

9 Justification??? “I contend that we [Britons] are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honourable race the world possesses.” --Cecil Rhodes, 1877 (De Beers Consolidated Mines)

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12 COLONYCOLONY: A foreign region that is under the direct control of a mother country Governed by a foreign power. Forms of Imperialism

13 PROTECTORATE:PROTECTORATE: A foreign region in which the mother country allows native rulers to maintain their position of power, but controls themA foreign region in which the mother country allows native rulers to maintain their position of power, but controls them

14 SPHERE OF INFLUENCE:SPHERE OF INFLUENCE: An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privilegesAn area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges Forms of Imperialism

15 Economic Imperialism:Economic Imperialism: An independent but less- developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governmentsAn independent but less- developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments

16 Treatment of Native People

17 Enslavement:Enslavement: Forced laborForced labor Segregation:Segregation: Separation of racesSeparation of races Treatment of Native People

18 Assimilation:Assimilation: The forced adoption of a “mainstream” cultureThe forced adoption of a “mainstream” culture

19 Problems for Natives?? Loss of traditional cultureLoss of traditional culture Loss of traditional leadershipLoss of traditional leadership Division of tribal groupsDivision of tribal groups Population declinePopulation decline Depletion of natural resources; loss of good farmlandDepletion of natural resources; loss of good farmland

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