4Motives For Imperialism Loss of New World Empires:France, Great Britain, Spain, & Portugal all lost colonies in the 18th – 19th centuries1760s: France lost Canada & India to Great Britain1770s: GB lost US colonies1800s: Spain & Portugal lost Latin American colonies
5Motives For Imperialism Economic:The IR created a higher demand for new sources of raw materials & new markets for products
6Motives For Imperialism Nationalism:Prestige, strategic locations, greed, ethnocentrism
7Motives For Imperialism “Civilizing” Missions:The desire to spread Western cultureSpread the Christian messageBelief in European superioritySocial DarwinismSocial Darwinism:European superiorityInferiority of non-white culturesEuropeans MUST civilize the worldOnly the strongest nations will survive
8Factors Promoting Imperialism Europeans had an overwhelming advantage- Technology!Military: Maxim machine gun.Transportation: RR + Steamships.Communication: Telegraph (Telephone)New protection against disease: QuinineAfrican Problems Existed –Lack of unity between tribesWars between ethnic groups.
9Justification???“I contend that we [Britons] are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honourable race the world possesses.”--Cecil Rhodes, 1877 (De Beers Consolidated Mines)