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Presentation on theme: "DATA ANALYSIS WRITING TASK 1 © Khairul Sufi."— Presentation transcript:


2 Mohd. Khairul bin Abu Sufi
English Language Division CELPAD International Islamic University Malaysia

3 Agenda Introduction Planning Vocabulary Input Sentence Patterns
Answering Task 1 Students’ Errors © Khairul Sufi

4 1 INTRODUCTION © Khairul Sufi

5 BAND 6 © Khairul Sufi

6 Task 1 … how do I attempt it?
When writing Task 1 bear these in mind: Task Fulfillment answer the question completely UNDERSTAND THE TASK! Coherence use sequencing words e.g. Firstly, Secondly, Finally Vocabulary use a wide range, appropriate and academic Sentence Structure be concise but not simplistic © Khairul Sufi

7 continued Language Input: Tenses used to describe charts
Use present tense to describe the chart. Use past tense to describe things in the chart that have passed. Use present perfect to describe issues that have started in the past up until today. Use the future tense for information after today. © Khairul Sufi

8 2 PLANNING YOUR ESSAY © Khairul Sufi

9 Preparation for Task 1 Identify the OVERALL trend (if any)
REMEMBER THAT NOT ALL GRAPHS CONTAIN TRENDS Graph 1 Graph 2 Identify the main trends for each mode (if any) Identify any large increases or decreases. Group information, if possible! Graph © Khairul Sufi

10 Trend or no trend? The graph below illustrates the number of Roti Canai eaten for breakfast by Br. Martunis , Abdallah and Hakim on four different days last week. © Khairul Sufi

11 Trend or no trend? The following graph illustrates Sr. Sahara, Huda and Amel’s shopping expenditure for different personal items during this month’s “Mega Sale Carnival”. © Khairul Sufi

12 Grouping Information / Data
© Khairul Sufi

13 Preparation for Task 1 Are there any clear and consistent directions?
Are there any changes? Does anything seem particularly significant? Are there any clear relationships between modes or percentages? © Khairul Sufi

14 3 VOCABULARY INPUT © Khairul Sufi

15 Useful Vocabulary Trend Verbs Adjectives Adverbs
Comparatives and Superlatives Approximations No Trends © Khairul Sufi

16 Trend Verbs increase decrease fluctuate incline decline unstable grow
rocketed slump plunge © Khairul Sufi

17 Adjectives Describing the degree of change
There was a slight increase in the value of the Ringgit. dramatic sharp huge enormous steep substantial considerable significant marked moderate slight small minimal Describing the speed of change There was a rapid increase in the value of the Ringgit. rapid quick swift sudden steady gradual slow © Khairul Sufi

18 Adverb Describing the degree of change Describing the speed of change
dramatically sharply enormously steeply substantially considerably significantly markedly moderately slightly minimally Describing the speed of change rapidly quickly swiftly suddenly steadily gradually slowly © Khairul Sufi

19 Vocabulary for NO TREND(S)
fell by halved a quarter a third doubled rose by tripled © Khairul Sufi

20 A word of caution… When pairing trend verbs / nouns with either adverbs / adjectives, ensure that the pairing is suitable. dramatic plateau sharp slump plunged slightly rocketed swiftly marked fluctuation © Khairul Sufi

21 Comparatives and Superlatives
the biggest larger more expensive worse the least better © Khairul Sufi

22 Approximations around one third about half more than 100
less than half approximately just under over slightly over © Khairul Sufi

23 Exercise © Khairul Sufi

24 4 SENTENCE PATTERN (Describing Trends) © Khairul Sufi

25 Verbs vs Nouns Verbs Nouns Actions Quantity is not involved
Inflect based on TIME Things Countable / Uncountable Inflect based on QUANTITY © Khairul Sufi

26 Sentence Pattern 1 (describing trends)
There + verb to be + article + adj + noun There was a slight decrease in the number of tourists to Penang. There was a slightly decreased in the number of tourists to Penang. verb adverb verb article © Khairul Sufi

27 Sentence Pattern 2 (describing trends)
[subject] + transitive verb + article + adj + noun The number of tourists to Penang experienced a slight decrease. The number of tourists to Penang was a slight decrease. verb (to be) © Khairul Sufi

28 Sentence Pattern 3 (describing trends)
verb + adverb The number of tourists to Penang decreased slightly in 2011. The number of tourists to Penang was a slight fluctuation in 2011. adjective noun verb (to be) © Khairul Sufi

29 Sentence Pattern 4 (describing trends)
adverb + verb The number of tourists to Penang slightly decreased in 2011. The number of tourists to Penang slight fluctuated in 2011. adjective © Khairul Sufi

30 5 ANSWERING TASK 1 © Khairul Sufi

31 Commuter Transport in London
Task 1 You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The graph below shows the different modes of commuter transport used in London in 1960, 1980 and 2000. Commuter Transport in London Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown. You should write at least 150 words. © Khairul Sufi

32 Plan! Read the question carefully.
Understand the visual presented to you. Type of graph Static or dynamic Axis MEASUREMENT Group information together. © Khairul Sufi

33 Introduction The introductory paragraph states the main purpose of the chart, written in paraphrase using the writer's own words. © Khairul Sufi

34 Model answer for Introduction
The vertical bar graph shows the changing patterns in commuting by train, car, tube or bus for commuters  in London in the years 1960, 1980 and Overall, it can be seen that commuter figures were erratic for all transport types throughout the 3 years.    Introductory Sentence Overall View © Khairul Sufi

35 Analysis 1: train The second paragraph describes the data for the use of trains given in the chart, written in the writer's own words. © Khairul Sufi

36 Model answer for Analysis 1
BODY: Firstly, the number of people who used trains was somewhat unstable as it ranged from slightly under 20% to 30% in the three years with the highest percentage recorded in 1980. © Khairul Sufi

37 Analysis 2: the Tube The third paragraph describes the data for the use of the tube given in the chart, written in the writer's own words. © Khairul Sufi

38 Model answer for Analysis 2
BODY: Next, the usage of the tube was relatively stable, as it made up a total number of around 20% to 30% of commuters throughout the three stated years. © Khairul Sufi

39 Analysis 3: cars and buses
The fourth paragraph describes the data for the use of cars and buses given in the chart, written in the writer's own words. © Khairul Sufi

40 Model answer for Analysis 3
BODY: To continue, the percentage of car commuters increased steadily from just over 5% in 1960 reaching almost 40% by 2000, whereas in contrast, those for buses declined since 1960, falling from just under 35% to a low of 15% in 2000. © Khairul Sufi

41 Conclusion The concluding paragraph summarizes the main findings of the chart, written in the writer's own words. © Khairul Sufi

42 Model answer for Conclusion
In conclusion, the graph indicates that the usage of cars, for commuting to work, grew throughout the three stated years, as well as the corresponding decline in the usage of buses from the years 1960 to 2000. © Khairul Sufi

43 Answer analysis The text above given in the model answer consists of 161 words in a few paragraphs which describe the data in the chart.  These paragraphs can be further analyzed as comprising: Introduction Figures on the use of trains Figures on the use of the tube Figures on the use of cars and buses Conclusion Body © Khairul Sufi

44 6 STUDENTS’ ERRORS © Khairul Sufi

45 Common error 1 Not understanding the data presented
Students do not correctly understand the data in the charts Look at the following example © Khairul Sufi

46 Example Error 1 “40 people were unemployed in Malaysia in 2010”
© Khairul Sufi

47 Explanation: Students often do not carefully read the labels
e.g. student writes ‘250 people were unemployed in Kuala Lumpur in 2010' , when they should have written ‘250 thousand people were unemployed in Kuala Lumpur in 2010' © Khairul Sufi

48 Common error 2 Not ‘translating' note form to grammatical English
Students often write the labels or titles directly as they appear in the chart. However, these are usually in ‘note form', so need to be changed into grammatically correct English in your writing. © Khairul Sufi

49 ‘the average life-expectancy of Malaysia non-smoking in the year 1980 was around 70'
© Khairul Sufi

50 In the previous chart describing the life expectancy of smokers and non-smokers, one label read ‘Non-Smoking' - meaning ‘non-smoking people © Khairul Sufi

51 We need to change the label to a grammatically correct form such as
‘the average life-expectancy of Malaysian non-smokers in the year 1980 was around72' . © Khairul Sufi

52 Common error 3 Using detailed figures when they can be approximated
Firstly, x started at %. Then it increased to percent. Then it climbed to percent. After that it inclined again to percent. © Khairul Sufi

53 Common error 4 Fail to provide ‘measurement’ of data
The unemployment rate in the UK rose by 2% between 2008 and 2009, whereas Canada decreased by about 1%. The USA was the highest, at just over 4 %. © Khairul Sufi

54 Common error 5 Describing every number in a chart or graph (unless there are only a few). A key skill in task 1 is being able to choose the key information and describe or compare it well. © Khairul Sufi

55 © Khairul Sufi

56 Firstly, at 6am, the number of people stood at 100, then at 7am, it increased to 200, after that it shot up to 400 in the next hour. In contrast, at 9am, it dropped slightly to 300 and at 10am, it continued to decrease until 200 people. © Khairul Sufi

57 Common error 6 Errors in pairing verbs/adverbs or adjectives/nouns when describing trends. The number of tourists abroad slightly plunged in 2005. In 2008, the number of tourists minimally rocketed to its highest point. There was a gradual boom in the number of tourists last year. © Khairul Sufi

58 Common error 7 Grammar In 2011, there is a decline in the imports of wheat. In 2020, Malaysia was a well developed country. There were an increased steadily in the number of tourists to Langkawi island. Last year, the numbers was declined for about 24. © Khairul Sufi

Tenses Articles © Khairul Sufi

60 What you would have done …
The main writing skills performed in Task 1 are: Describing numerical data Identifying differences and similarities Comparing and contrasting Identifying and describing trends © Khairul Sufi

61 QUESTIONS??? Feel free to ask!

62 You may contact me through email at
Further Questions? You may contact me through at © Khairul Sufi

63 A word of wisdom “Remember that just the moment you say, ‘I give up,’ someone else seeing the same situation is saying, ‘My, what a great opportunity.’” H. Jackson Brown © Khairul Sufi

© Khairul Sufi

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