Presentation on theme: "16.1 Light Interference Describe how light waves interfere with each other to produce bright and dark fringes Identify the conditions required for interference."— Presentation transcript:
1 16.1 Light InterferenceDescribe how light waves interfere with each other to produce bright and dark fringesIdentify the conditions required for interference to occur
2 Interference Interference happens when two waves meet. Constructive interference happens when two waves are in phase (0o, or λ) results a bigger amplitude.Sound: louderLight: brighterDestructive interference happens when two waves are in phase (180o, or ½ λ) results smaller/ no amplitude.Sound: complete silenceLight: darknessThe example of sound wave interference is beatsThe example of light wave interference is bright and dark bands.
3 Monochromatic Interference Monochromatic means one colorWhen same color of light meets, they can interfere either constructively or destructively.Constructive interferenceDestructive interference
4 Waves must be completely in phase or completely out of phase for interference to be observed. The bright and dark bands observed on the screen is the result of constructive and destructive interference.
5 16.2 diffractionDiffraction is the spreading of waves into a region behind an obstruction.All waves diffractsWater wavesSound wavesLight waves
6 How much diffraction?The amount of diffraction is determined by the how the wavelength and the size of opening of the barrier compare.When the opening is comparable to the wavelength, most diffraction occursWhen the opening is much larger than the wavelength, diffraction is less.
7 16.3 Laser LASER stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission ofRadiationThe emitted laser light is monochromatic and coherent, narrow low diverging beam
8 Monochromatic and coherent Monochromatic means one colorCoherent light are light waves that are "in phase" with one another.For example, two waves are coherent if the crests of one wave are aligned with the crests of the other and the troughs of one wave are aligned with the troughs of the other. Otherwise, these light waves are considered incoherent.
9 stimulated emissionWhen a photon (light particle) hits an atom that is already excited, the atom releases a new photon that is completely identical to the incoming photon; same color, going in the same direction. We call this process "stimulated emission".How lasers work (in theory) - YouTube
10 Class work – today’s date The diagram shows straight wave fronts passing through an opening in a barrier. This wave phenomenon is calledreflectionrefractionpolarizationdiffractionWhich wave phenomenon makes it possible for a player to hear the sound from a referee’s whistle in an open field even when standing behind the referee?Doppler effect
11 The diagram shows a wave phenomenon The diagram shows a wave phenomenon. The pattern of waves shown behind the barrier is the result ofreflectionrefractiondiffractioninterferenceA source of waves and an observer are moving relative to each other. The observer will detect a steadily increasing frequency ifhe moves toward the source at a constant speedthe source moves away from him at a constant speedhe accelerates toward the sourcethe source accelerates away from him
12 Which diagram best illustrates wave diffraction? Which diagram best illustrates wave reflection? Which diagram best illustrates wave refraction? Which diagram best illustrates a sound wave?ABCD
13 exampleWhich diagram best represents light emitted from a coherent light source? ABDC
14 What is one characteristic of a light beam produced by a monochromatic laser? It consists of coherent waves.It can be dispersed into a complete continuous spectrum.It cannot be reflected or refracted.It does not exhibit any wave properties.Which term best describes the light generated by a laser?diffusedcoherentdispersivelongitudinal
15 A laser beam does not disperse as it passes through a prism because the laser beam is monochromaticpolychromaticpolarizedLongitudinalA car radio is tuned to the frequency being emitted from two transmitting towers. As the car moves at constant speed past the towers the sound from the radio repeatedly fades in and out. This phenomenon can best be explained byrefractioninterferencereflectionresonance
16 A wave is diffracted as it passes through an opening in a barrier A wave is diffracted as it passes through an opening in a barrier. The amount of diffraction that the wave undergoes depends on both theamplitude and frequency of the incident wavewavelength and speed of the incident wavewavelength of the incident wave and the size of the openingamplitude of the incident wave and the size of the opening