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Juvenile Corrections Funding and Initiatives: Overview & Update Shelby McCulley, Office of Management and Budget Director, DOC Tim Reneau-Major, Budget.

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Presentation on theme: "Juvenile Corrections Funding and Initiatives: Overview & Update Shelby McCulley, Office of Management and Budget Director, DOC Tim Reneau-Major, Budget."— Presentation transcript:

1 Juvenile Corrections Funding and Initiatives: Overview & Update Shelby McCulley, Office of Management and Budget Director, DOC Tim Reneau-Major, Budget Analyst, DOC WI Human Services Financial Management Association May 2013

2 Juvenile Delinquency Services Juvenile delinquency services are provided in partnership between the state and counties State services include:  Institution placements  Aftercare and Corrective Sanctions Program (CSP)  Serious Juvenile Offender Program  Youth Aids administration

3 Community Youth and Family Aids Program (Youth Aids)

4 Youth Aids: History and Overview Before Youth Aids, counties paid for community-based services and the state paid for the institutions Youth Aids implemented statewide in 1981 Counties use Youth Aids to pay for both community and state services State general purpose revenue funds the Serious Juvenile Offender program

5 Youth Aids: Available Funds CYTotal $88,400, $88,600, $88,400, $93,500, $99,800, $100,600, $100,700, $95,700, $86,900, $90,700, Rounded totals include initial contracts, corrective sanctions, emergency funds, and alternate care refunds. Amounts available may not reflect actual disbursements because of carryover and unused funds.

6 Youth Aids: Allocations Base component based on a three-factor formula developed in 1981 using county data from the late 1970s Subsequent additions used similar formulas with more current data Studies have recommended adjusting allocations to reflect current need Concerns with redistribution

7 Youth Aids: Allocations Basic Allocation Initial Contract  CSPSemi-Annual Supplement  Emergency FundsAnnual Supplement  5% CarryoverAnnual Supplement AODA Allocation Initial Contract  5% CarryoverAnnual Supplement Early Intervention Annual Supplement

8 Youth Aids: Use of Funds Allowable expenses broadly defined in (2)(c):  Chapter 938 juvenile delinquency-related services  Cannot be used for detention or shelter care Contract defines target population and priority order:  Youth adjudicated delinquent  Youth alleged delinquent  Youth adjudged in need of protection or services  Youth at risk of the above (up to 20% of funds)

9 Youth Aids: Use of Funds State services that may be paid for with Youth Aids funds include: ServiceFY13 Daily Rate Institution$ Aftercare$ Corrective Sanctions Program$ Alternate CareActual charges

10 Youth Aids: Processing Advances Monthly Payments Reconciliation Six-month Allocation

11 DJC Review

12 DJC Review: Consolidation Juvenile correctional institution populations fell steadily from the mid-1990s, resulting in excess capacity, higher daily rates, and increasing budget deficit ($19.5 million at FY11 year end) 2010 Governor’s Commission recommended consolidation of institutions June 2011 Ethan Allen and Southern Oaks closed; Copper Lake opened

13 DJC Review: Cost Savings Consolidation savings of $23 million per year $17 added to daily rate to pay down deficit  Projecting deficit will be paid down in 7 or 8 years, rather than the 10 years originally expected New overtime policies in DOC are saving money Reusing and auctioning off EAS and SOGS supplies and equipment

14 DJC Review: Lapses FY12: DOC had to reduce Youth Aids by a further $3.9 million in response to the lapse requirement by DOA FY13: DOC identified savings elsewhere in the Department, reducing the Youth Aids lapse to $650,000  Rather than lapse from Basic Allocations, DJC covered the lapse with unspent CSP Reimbursement

15 DJC Review: Act 32 Report 2011 Wisconsin Act 32 required a report on juvenile delinquency services provided by the counties or the state DOC & County workgroup developed a survey All 72 counties responded Report published June 2012; available at:

16 Biennial Budget

17 Biennial Budget: Youth Aids FY budget instructions required state agencies to make lapses permanent However, DOC’s budget proposal and the Governor’s proposed budget do not include any further lapses from Youth Aids The Governor’s proposed budget holds Youth Aids funding steady at $90,956,100 in FY 14 and FY 15

18 Biennial Budget: Daily Rates Based on projected populations, proposed daily rates are: The $17 per day deficit reduction add-on to institution rates was originally projected to last 10 years, but thanks to cost-saving measures DJC is expecting to pay down the deficit at least two years ahead of schedule. CSP reimbursement funds are available to offset the cost of CSP placements, most likely at 100%. FY 13 ActualFY 14 ProposedFY 15 Proposed Institution Rate$289$297$304 Corrective Sanctions$100$125$128 Aftercare$40$41

19 DJC Initiatives

20 DJC Initiatives: COMPAS Evidence-based risk and needs assessment tool DOC-wide initiative: adult institution, adult probation & parole, and juvenile DOC bought licenses to make COMPAS available to county agencies, facilities and courts in all 72 counties at no cost DJC will collaborate with counties to provide free or low-cost training

21 DJC Initiatives: Trauma-Informed Care The majority of JCI youth are affected by trauma related to adverse childhood experiences. DHS grant to contract with DJC and Wisconsin Family Ties to integrate TIC into DJC policies and procedures Changing practices in LHS/CLS Reduced use of segregation and physical intervention Reduced use of room confinement hours Piloting “calming rooms” Addressing trauma issues affecting youth transition and return home Parent Peer Specialist pilot program

22 DJC Initiatives: PREA Since 2003, making strides to implement the letter and spirit of PREA Staff training, staff and offender/youth education, and collaboration with outside resources to appropriately address sexual assault victims and offenders Revisiting policy on placement of sentenced minors Community residential providers

23 Shelby McCulley Tim Reneau-Major


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