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Bridget Dillon and Rachel Pryor EPID 691 January 28, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Bridget Dillon and Rachel Pryor EPID 691 January 28, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bridget Dillon and Rachel Pryor EPID 691 January 28, 2013

2  Incidence of Diabetes Type 2 remained relatively steady during the 1980’s, but has steadily increased since 1990  Incidence in 2010 was 1,735,000 people in the United States  Incidence in 1980 was 493,000

3 Source: 2007–2009 National Health Interview Survey estimates projected to the year 2010.

4  “From 1980 to 2011, the crude incidence of diagnosed diabetes increased 133% from 3.3 to 7.7 per 1,000 population. Similarly, the age–adjusted incidence increased 117% from 3.5 to 7.6 per 1,000 population, suggesting that the majority of the change was not due to the aging of the population. ”




8 Source: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study NHW=non-Hispanic whites; NHB=non-Hispanic blacks; H=Hispanics; API=Asians/Pacific Islanders; AI=American Indians <10 years10–19 years

9  20.9 million Americans currently have Diabetes (  20.7 million of the population who have Diabetes are adults aged 18 and older (  8.3% of the US population

10 

11  revalence_national.htm revalence_national.htm revalence_national.htm  revalence_national.htm revalence_national.htm revalence_national.htm

12  a&cat=prevalence&Data=data&view=TO&trend=prevalence&id=1 a&cat=prevalence&Data=data&view=TO&trend=prevalence&id=1  508,000 Virginians were living with Diabetes in 2010

13  People with diabetes are 2-4 times more likely to die from heart disease or suffer a stroke.  70% of people with diabetes have high blood pressure.  Diabetes can also lead to kidney disease, blindness, and nerve damage in extremities.

14  On average, people with diabetes spend $6,000 annually to treat their condition.  As of 2008, the estimate cost of diabetes in the United States was $218 billion. This included costs for those with diagnosed diabetes ($174.4 billion), undiagnosed ($18 billion), gestational diabetes ($636 million) and pre-diabetes ($25 million).

15  Diabetes Type 2 used to be unheard of in children. Now that the incidence is ever- increasing, when is it appropriate to screen at risk (ie, obese) children? (Zeitler, Phil. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Challenges in Diagnoses and Treatment. Contemporary Pediatrics, 2012 Jul; 29(7): 16-23)

16  Diabetes and Self-Management Education (DSME). There is an association between women who have had DSME and better health outcomes related to Diabetes. (Gumbs, Jean Maydalyne. Relationship between diabetes self-management and education and self-care behaviors among African-American women with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 2012 Spring; 19(1): 18-22.

17  There is an increased risk of mortality for post-MI patients with diabetes and depression. (Bot, M; Pouwer, F; Zuidersma, M; van Melle, JP; de Jonge, P. Association of coexisting diabetes and depression with mortality after myocardial infarction. Diabetes Care. 2012 March; 35(3): 503-9)

18 Research continued  The FDA is currently considering the approval of a new class of drugs to treat diabetes. The SGLT2 inhibitors target glucose uptake in the kidneys to prevent the absorption of glucose. This treatment takes a new approach from insulin injections. There are concerns about its efficacy in patients with renal impairment.

19  Islet transplantation No need for insulin a year after surgery. Episodes of low blood sugar reduced for five years. Effects are not permanent.  DCCT/EDIC Large scale study conducted from 1983 to 1993. Demonstrated that keeping blood glucose close to normal slowed progression of eye, kidney and nerve damage.

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