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Southend In-Sessional Week 8 Punctuation & Sentence Structure.

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Presentation on theme: "Southend In-Sessional Week 8 Punctuation & Sentence Structure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Southend In-Sessional Week 8 Punctuation & Sentence Structure

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3 ______ ________ ____ gambling ___ ______ __ _ ______ ____ ___ EuroMillions, __ ___________ __ ____ European lotteries ___ ____ __ entrants ____ Britain shared winnings __ ____ €102m ($152m). ___ ____ __ ________ ____ _______ ____ ___ __ 76_, ___ ___ _____ ___ ___ lotteries _________ _______ ___ ______ __________. Lotteries in Europe, _____ ___ ______ _____-___, generate more revenues ____ _____ _____ __ gambling. Americans and Asians ___ ______ __ casinos. Gambling __ __ ________ __ _______: global revenues _________ __ 24% __ ___ ____ _____ ____ 2004, _________ ____ $358 _______ __ ________ ____ online betting ___ _ _____ _____ __ ___ _____, __ $20.2 _______, ___ ___ increasing fast._______ ___ recession ___ ___ ___ ________ __ ___ ____ ____ __ __. ______ Nevada, for example, ____ __ 8.9% __ September ________ ____ _ ____ ___.

4 Global revenues from gambling are rising In a recent draw for EuroMillions, an association of nine European lotteries, two sets of entrants FROM Britain shared winnings of over E102m ($152). The odds of scooping the jackpot were 1 in 76m, but FOR those who run lotteries lucrative returns are almost guaranteed. Lotteries in Europe, which are mainly state-run, generate more revenues than other sorts of gambling. Americans and Asians are fonder of casinos. Gambling as an industry is rising. Global revenues increased by 24% in the four years from 2004, totalling some $358 billion in Revenues from online betting are a small share of the TOTAL earnings, AT $20.2million, but are increasing fast. However, the recession has hit the industry in a past year or so. Casino revenues in Nevada, for example, fell by 8.9% in September, compared with a year ago.

5 Global revenues from gambling are rising IN A recent draw for EuroMillions, an association of nine European lotteries, two sets of entrants from Britain shared winnings of over €102m ($152m). The odds of scooping that jackpot were one in 76m, but for those who run lotteries lucrative returns are almost guaranteed. Lotteries in Europe, which are mainly state-run, generate more revenues than other sorts of gambling. Americans and Asians are fonder of casinos. Gambling as an industry is growing: global revenues increased by 24% in the four years from 2004, totalling some $358 billion in Revenues from online betting are a small share of the total, at $20.2 billion, but are increasing fast. However the recession has hit the industry in the past year or so. Casino revenues in Nevada, for example, fell by 8.9% in September compared with a year ago.

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7 expectations for the copenhagen climate conference held next month in denmark have been steadily dwindling on sunday november 15th as barack obama toured asia he and the danish prime minister lars lokke rasmussen quietly agreed what many had anticipated that no binding agreement would be reached at the conference there is now no hope of new legal targets for emissions reductions to replace those set out in the kyoto protocol and which will lapse in 2012 instead the pair suggested that the best to be expected is a political deal on cutting emissions some of the blame for this must be directed at capitol hill not only will mr obama now not sign a cap and trade bill before copenhagen the senate is not even expected to pass one the house of representatives passed in june its version of cap and trade but the senate preoccupied by a debate over the reform of health care has left climate talks to inch along slowly behind john kerry one of the senates cap and trade champions now says he hopes for a vote on the bill only in the spring

8 EXPECTATIONS for the Copenhagen climate conference, held next month in Denmark, have been steadily dwindling. On Sunday November 15th, as Barack Obama toured Asia, he and the Danish prime minister, Lars Lokke Rasmussen, quietly agreed what many had anticipated—that no binding agreement would be reached at the conference. There is now no hope of new legal targets for emissions-reductions to replace those set out in the Kyoto Protocol and which will lapse in Instead the pair suggested that the best to be expected is a political deal on cutting emissions. Some of the blame for this must be directed at Capitol Hill. Not only will Mr Obama now not sign a cap-and-trade bill before Copenhagen; the Senate is not even expected to pass one. The House of Representatives passed in June its version of cap-and-trade but the Senate, preoccupied by a debate over the reform of health care, has left climate talks to inch along slowly behind. John Kerry, one of the Senate’s cap-and-trade champions, now says he hopes for a vote on the bill only in the spring.

9 EXPECTATIONS for the Copenhagen climate conference, held next month in Denmark, have been steadily dwindling. On Sunday November 15th, as Barack Obama toured Asia, he and the Danish prime minister, Lars Lokke Rasmussen, quietly agreed what many had anticipated—that no binding agreement would be reached at the conference. There is now no hope of new legal targets for emissions-reductions to replace those set out in the Kyoto Protocol and which will lapse in Instead the pair suggested that the best to be expected is a political deal on cutting emissions. Some of the blame for this must be directed at Capitol Hill. Not only will Mr Obama now not sign a cap-and-trade bill before Copenhagen; the Senate is not even expected to pass one. The House of Representatives passed in June its version of cap-and-trade but the Senate, preoccupied by a debate over the reform of health care, has left climate talks to inch along slowly behind. John Kerry, one of the Senate’s cap-and-trade champions, now says he hopes for a vote on the bill only in the spring.

10 But American congressmen are not alone in shouldering responsibility. Each tortuous round of negotiations ahead of Copenhagen has lengthened the list of issues up for debate. The negotiating text is now a snarl of material that few parties can agree upon. And big developing countries have been almost as immovable as America, at least publicly. China’s president said in September that his country would in time cut the amount of carbon dioxide it emits per unit of GDP by a “notable amount”. But Sun Guoshun, a Chinese diplomat in Washington, says that a figure is unlikely to emerge before Copenhagen. India (a much smaller polluter) has steadfastly resisted binding targets for poor countries. Many in Washington believe that America, just as it did at Kyoto, will not accept a deal that requires nothing concrete on emissions from the developing world. American congressman ___________________________ responsible. The number of issues being debated… America is not the only big country…. According to China’s president… India… A deal that does not include concrete targets from developing countries…

11 Yet this does not mean that America will never get around to cutting emissions. During Mr Obama’s trip to China climate change was at the top of the agenda. Some had hoped that Mr Obama and Hu Jintao, China’s president, might announce a means of breaking the negotiating deadlock. Instead they unveiled some practical measures on energy. These include the creation of a Sino-American clean-energy research centre, with initial funding of $150m, and an electric-vehicles initiative. A plan was also aired to increase energy efficiency, especially in buildings. By some estimates, China will add housing and office space equivalent to America’s entire stock over the next 20 years. The two countries also promised to work together on “cleaner” coal (both countries sit on huge reserves of the stuff). Carbon-capture-and-storage technology for coal-fired power plants does not yet work at the scale and cost required. But James Rogers, the head of Duke Energy, a big American utility, says optimistically that perhaps only China has the resources to develop a workable system of carbon-capture, and America could reap the benefits. Last, the two agreed to co-operate on finding and using natural gas from shale. Gas power emits just half the carbon-dioxide of coal. Focusing on measures like efficiency and cleaner power rather than targets may be the only way to get a bill through the Senate and thus make a binding international deal possible. But the interplay between international negotiations and the Senate’s deliberations is delicate. The Senate wants proof that developing countries will not get off the hook while China and India will avoid commitments as long as it seems that the Senate is unwilling to move. Copenhagen is now unlikely to be celebrated as the city where the world took big steps towards tackling climate change. A binding deal will have to wait until 2010, perhaps at a mid-year meeting in Bonn or in December in Mexico City.


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