Presentation on theme: "1/26-1/27 Objective: Using article, PowerPoint, interactive handout TSW learn the stages of demographic transition and apply that by analyzing population."— Presentation transcript:
1/26-1/27 Objective: Using article, PowerPoint, interactive handout TSW learn the stages of demographic transition and apply that by analyzing population pyramids. Hook: What is a transition? What are some transitions you have had to make in your own life? What are some transitions you will have to make in the future?
Demographic Transition Occurs in 4 stage ◦ These stages track a countries level of development ◦ Predicts the stability, growth or decline of the number of people in a population 3
Characteristics ◦ Have high birth rates and high death rates ◦ The population is stable ( not growing) ◦ found in Pre-Industrial Societies Ex: indigenous communities ( Pre-Agricultural Revolution) Reasons ◦ Lack of clean water, sanitation, medical care, education ◦ Lack of family planning (use, access or need)
Characteristics ◦ Birth rate remains high ◦ death rate is falling ◦ Population grows steadily Ex Yemen, Afghanistan, Laos, Swaziland, Bangladesh Reasons ◦ 2 nd Agricultural Revolution ◦ Industrialization begins ◦ Medical care Improves (just a little bit) ◦ Family planning still not widely used
Characteristics ◦ Birth Rates (Natality) fall Infant Mortality Rates Decline ◦ Death Rates (Mortality) fall However Population is still growing ◦ Industrialization continues ◦ Urbanization Increases EX: Mexico, Colombia, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Saudi Arabia, Haiti, Iraq, Libya Reasons ◦ Cultural shift- people begin to favor small families ◦ Status of Women Rises Family planning available ◦ Education Literacy Rates increase for both women and men ◦ Healthcare and Sanitation improves (Increased standard of living)
Characteristics ◦ Birth rates very low ◦ Death rates very low Population is steady or shrinking ◦ EX: Japan, Canada, China, most of Europe Reasons ◦ High standard of living ◦ Healthcare and Sanitation widely available (long life expectancy) ◦ Elevated status of Women More women in the labor force Cultural attitudes favor smaller families Education more readily accessible
Preindustrial Stage Early Expanding Stage Late Expanding Stage Postindustrial Stage Birth Rate and death rate (per 1000) Growth Rate over Time LowIncreasingHigh DecreasingLow *