Presentation on theme: "Employment Structures Case Studies. Employment Structure You can use the percentage of people working in each sector to help describe how developed a."— Presentation transcript:
Employment Structures Case Studies
Employment Structure You can use the percentage of people working in each sector to help describe how developed a country is. This is called the employment structure. By looking back through history you can also see how one single country has developed by looking at the changes in their employment structure.
MEDC’s Vs LEDC’s The more developed a country becomes the more it will rely on secondary and, in particular, tertiary industries. A less developed country will be characterised by a greater percentage of the population in primary industries, usually farming.
What Is It Like? Ethiopia is a typical example of a developing country, in terms of its employment structure. The majority of the population work in the primary sector. Most of these are subsistence farmers, who basically grow enough for themselves and their family, but little more. They don't have a great deal, if any, left over to sell at the market.
Why? Ethiopia has very little manufacturing industry, as it does not have the raw materials available, and lacks sufficient investment and technology to exploit the natural resources that it does have. 10% work in the tertiary industry, primarily in the main cities, such as Addis Ababa, where there are hospitals, schools and other professional services. The remainder of the country has very poor access to education and health care due to this lack of people in the tertiary sector.
The United Kingdom: MEDC Primary: 3% Secondary: 25% Tertiary: 70% Quaternary: 2%
What Is It Like? The United Kingdom exhibits the employment structure of a well-developed country. The number of people working in the primary sector has steadily decreased as mines have closed and technology has meant fewer people are required. The number of people working in the secondary sector is still reasonably high, but has also been falling steadily as new, more efficient technology has again meant less people being needed.
Why? The massive growth has been in the tertiary sector, where huge numbers of jobs have been created. This is not just in the traditional tertiary industries like teaching and health care, but also in the tourist industry, the computer industry and the financial industry. There has also been the introduction of the quaternary sector, although this still takes up a very small percentage of the overall employment structure of the country.