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Unit 3: Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium

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1 Unit 3: Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium

2 The Postclassical Era Political, social, economic, and cultural changes that shaped the world.

3 Procopius tells a story about two monks – How does this story about the production and retrieval of silk industry reflect on the character of early Christian clergy? Why would Byzantine’s want to learn the secrets of silk production? What specific type(s) of production secrets were illegally smuggled into the U.S. from Great Britain during the early industrial revolution?

4 Byzantine VIP’s Constantine ( )- saw flaming cross to win battle for emperor, built Constantinople Justinian I ( )- known as the Apostate for outlawinging teaching Christianity, codified laws, captured much of former Roman Empire, built Hagia Sophia, reign greatly affected by wife Theodora John I Tzmikes ( )- ruled during Golden Era, expanded borders into Syria Basil II ( )- known as Bulgar Slayer for conquering Bulgaria, death began decline 

5 Byzantine Empire

6 Trade changes everything!
Flourishing and growth of powerful new TRADING CITIES Luxury goods Intensification of cross- cultural exchange Unprecedented concentrations of wealth

7 Mediterranean Shipping

8 Trans-Saharan Trade

9 The caravan The camel saddle 5 BCE – a tremendous invention
Fighting Packing Even distribution Middle eastern origin Caravanserai

10 Indian Ocean Trade

11 Maritime innovation Compass Astrolabe Larger ship designs

12 Silk Road Trade Routes

13 New forms of credit & monetization
Medieval Sourcebook:  The Roubauds:  A Purchase on Credit, 1248 Purchases on credit were not unusual in the thirteenth century, such arrangements being in the nature of book credit or an advance of goods on credit to the purchaser. The price was probably sufficiently high to cover interest charges during the two months' period. June the fifth. I, Peter Roubaud the elder and I, Peter Roubaud, his son, by my father's authority, both acknowledge and confess to you Hugh Dieudé, son of the late Hugh Dieudé, that we have jointly bought, had, and received from you six loads of cotton less thirty- four pounds, renouncing, etc. As the price of that cotton we owe you 106 pounds of the mixed money now current in Marseilles which make 212 of Raymond's pounds. This 106 pounds of mixed money, twenty-six pounds per mark by weight, we promise by this agreement to pay to you so that when one of us pays both shall be quit. Payment will be made in the middle of August next coming, and we promise to reimburse you for all costs and expenses incurred in the seeking of the payment of that sum after the agreed date, etc. Witnesses, etc.. Bills of exchange Credit Checks Banking houses

14 New Trading Cities Research one of the cities on this list
Where is it? What trading item & route made them rich? What year(s) were their heyday? What language(s) did they speak? What civilization/people created the city? What religion was predominantly followed? Are they still an important city? Share your findings with the class Novgorod Timbuktu Swahili City-States Hangzhou Calicut Baghdad Melaka Venice Tenochtitlan Cahokia

15 Constantine 1st Pope of the Eastern Orthodox church? Cross in the sky
Constantinople “new Rome” Hippodrome Edict of Milan 312

16 A defensible Peninsula in view of two continents
Capital: Byzantium On the Bosporus Commercial/strategic location Constantinople for Constantine 1453 Falls to Turks, renamed Istanbul

17 Byzantine Empire Inherited the Eastern ½ of the Roman Empire when the Roman Empire collapsed in the 5th century What types of structures made this a viable, ready- made empire? The Sasanid’s were a consistent problem in the East requiring diversion of resources.

18 Justinian (527-565 C.E.) Macedonian origins Theodora Hagia Sophia
Codification of Roman law into the Corpus iuris civilis 553 push into W. Roman empire

19 Justinian’s additions

20 Islamic Conquests By the 7th century Islamic people overran the Sasanid empire and threatened Constantinop le ( , )

21 Dichotomy of the Christian faith
Eastern Christian Western Christian Greek Education paramount Subtle Led by Ceasaropapist emperors Council of Nicea Teaching linked to imperial thought Philosophical theology Icon worship questioned Bearded priests Latin Devotion paramount Heresy hawks Ecclesiastical leadership Education centered in monasteries Icon worship embraced Clean-shaven priests

22 Caesaropapism Centralized political and ecclesiastical power in one man Absolute authority on the basis of divine authority, not divinity Authority extended to politics, military, judicial, financial, and religious matters

23 Political Organization of the Byzantine Empire
Theme system General Recruited free peasants Paid w/land Quick mobilization Greek Fire

24 Basil II – The Bulgar Slayer
Bulgarian’s had been harassing the Byzantines for centuries 1/100 left w/1 eye out of atch?v=RhPlWuvp888

25 You may work with a partner. This is a graded classwork assignment.
Describe the continuity and change over time of the theme system in relation to Byzantine society. You may work with a partner. This is a graded classwork assignment.

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