Presentation on theme: "FEUDALISMS COMPARED: MEDIEVAL JAPAN AND WESTERN EUROPE"— Presentation transcript:
1 FEUDALISMS COMPARED: MEDIEVAL JAPAN AND WESTERN EUROPE
2 WHAT IS FEUDALISM? Political and economic system in Medieval Western Europe, ZhouChina, and Shogunate Japanwhereby a lord grants lands andprotection to a vassal in exchangefor loyalty, military service.
4 PAST INFLUENCES FEUDAL EUROPE Christianity Classical Rome German HeritageJAPANImperial ChinaConfucianism
5 RISE OF FEUDALISM In Europe: In Japan: External invasions; ineffectiveness,lack of national, centralized authority;arose prior to 1000 CE; dead by 1500 CEIn Japan:Isolation of emperor, his family in capital; Rivalries between Court nobility, provinciallords and clans; arose around 1100 CE,died with Meiji Restoration in 1867 CE
6 POLITICAL STRUCTURES In Europe: Multiple states, fragmented; decentralized, competingpolitical entities; multiple loyaltiesIn Japan:Centralized, military dictatorship;no overlapping, multiple loyalties
9 FEUDAL SOCIETY Social hierarchy based on noble aristocracy, land ownership, birth;social divisions based on types oflabor, gender; societylargely rural with fewcities; 3 major classes
10 THOSE WHO FIGHT Lord - Daimyo Knights - Samurai Fief - Shugo Feudalism was a local military solution to a national political reality. Warriors had to furnish weapons, horsesLord - DaimyoKnights - SamuraiFief - Shugo
11 GREAT LORDS DAIMYO Hereditary nobles Independent realms Local administrationLocal justice, taxesFeudal armies, castlesConstant warfare
12 CODES OF CONDUCT Bushido and Chivalry Samurai means servant;bushido means Way ofthe Warrior; be loyal, fight, die for lord; koku paymentChivalry derivedfrom Cheval (horse)- knights furnished ownhorse, armor; paid; defend women,church, poor, fight as last resort
13 Church owns land, part of government THOSE WHO PRAYJAPANNumerous faiths: Buddhism, Shinto, ConfucianismZen Buddhism became samurai favoriteClergy, faith only had limited influenceFEUDAL EUROPEAge of Faith: Church, Pope paramountChurch owns land, part of governmentChurch administers education, social welfareChurch leadership open to all classes, women
14 THOSE WHO WORK JAPAN FEUDAL EUROPE Peasants produce food Possessed some rights to landVillages self-governingProtected by daimyo, samuraiFEUDAL EUROPESerfs = lowest class1/3 to 1/5 of produce to lordFew rights, often did not own landOften used as soldiers
15 GENDER ROLES FEUDAL EUROPE Aristocratic women isolated, marginalize in roles. If womanmanaged land, became nun, acquired rights.JAPANAristocratic women were more equalto husbands; owned land without maleinterference; could inherit, sue;samurai women encouraged to fight.
16 Not monetarized economies ECONOMICSBOTHAgriculture dominantNot monetarized economiesManorialismSelf-sufficientSerfsWheatShoenShoen tradedPeasantsRice
17 THOSE OUTSIDE Towns, Merchant, Artisans: In Europe, became wealthy and influential - defied the system. InJapan, considered lowest class -gained some influence underTokugawa Shoguns
18 URBAN LIFE JAPAN FEUDAL EUROPE Castle towns Guilds Free cities, leaguesMerchants, guildsTown chartersLearning centers
19 DIFFERENCES JAPAN FEUDAL EUROPE Emperor, Shogun Centralized feudalism Religion not in governmentGroup loyaltyFEUDAL EUROPEThe Pope, the PapacyShared common faithFeudal contract(s)
20 DIFFERENT ENDS EUROPE JAPAN Monarchs asserted authority: taxes, weaponsCommerce, middle class ended feudalismFratricidal warfare decimated aristocracyCharters(grant of overseas territories) , advisory parliaments expandedJAPANFeudalism ended voluntarilyFeudalism remained strong throughoutEnded as a result of West, Meiji RestorationSamurai, culture absorbed into mainstream
21 By the 15th Century Europe Japan Kingdoms became increasingly centralized( England, France, Spain and Portugal)Italian city-states( Venice, Florence, Genoa, Milan) became the center of Mediterranean trade (Spice trade)A new spirit of exploration led many new alternative routes of exploration and would be financed through new banking institutionsNew culture would transform Western Europe into a rebirth or RenaissanceWould be increasingly isolated and withdrawn from world tradeUnder various shogunates ( ) Japan would become increasingly decentralized under feudal civil unrest, The Tokugawa Shogunate ( )would finally centralize Japan in the port of Edo (now Tokyo) where they would close their doors (Toku go-away) to foreigners and forbid Japanese from leaving. This would limit Japanese technological progress while the “West” became more powerful . The ports would eventually be “opened up” bt the “West” in 1857.
22 CompFrom in both Japan and Western Europe, the lack of a centralized government ledTo the rise of a system where landed aristocracy would exchange land for military protectionFor loyalty and service (feudalism), both would lead to the rise of a militaristic warrior class(Samurai and knight) whose code of loyalty (Bushido and Chivalry) would emphasize the importanceOf discipline and honor in warfare. Western Europe, however, would be dominated by the hegemonyOf the Roman Catholic Church leading the decline of feudalism due to the Crusades and the trade itBrought to Western Europe. Japan, however, would have multiple faith of Neoconfucianism, TaoismAnd Zen Buddhism seamlessly blending with the indigenous Shintoism to remain isolated byThe Tokugawa Shogunate until forcibly open by the United States’ Matthew Perry in 1857,
23 Knight/Samurai - Lord/Daimyo Comparative Feudalism Project LINKSInternet Medieval SourcebookInternet East Asia History SourcebookKnight/Samurai - Lord/DaimyoComparative Feudalism Project