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By: Angelica Lafayette

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1 By: Angelica Lafayette
Video Production By: Angelica Lafayette


3 1814 Joseph Niepce achieves first photographic image with camera obscura - however, the image required eight hours of light exposure and later faded.

4 1840 The first camera was invented by a man named Alexander Wolcott. Photographs were taken prior to that, but it wasn't really a camera that was used to make the photographs, but a large wooden box.

5 1841 William Henry Talbot patents the Calotype process - the first negative-positive process making possible the first multiple copies.

6 1859-1867 1859 Panoramic camera patented - the Sutton.
1861 Oliver Wendell Holmes invents stereoscope viewer. 1865 Photographs and photographic negatives are added to protected works under copyright. The first machine patented in the United States that showed animated pictures or movies was a device called the "wheel of life" or "zoopraxiscope". Patented in 1867 by William Lincoln, moving drawings or photographs were watched through a slit in the zoopraxiscope.

7 1871 Richard Leach Maddox invented the gelatin dry plate silver bromide process - negatives no longer had to be developed immediately.

8 1880-1891 1880 Eastman Dry Plate Company founded.
1884 George Eastman invents flexible, paper-based photographic film. 1888 Eastman patents Kodak roll-film camera. The Edison company successfully demonstrated the Kinetoscope, which enabled one person at a time to view moving pictures.

9 1898 Reverend Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.

10 1892 In 1892 in the USA William Dickson, Thomas Edison's assistant, invented the Kinetoscope, which projected perforated film, (Edison's invention), inside a big wooden box, viewed by one person at a time.

11 1894 The Edison Corporation establishes the first motion-picture studio, a Kinetograph production center nicknamed the Black Maria (slang for a police van). The first Kinetoscope parlor opens at 1155 Broadway in New York City. Spectators can watch films for 25 cents. Movie Timeline —

12 1895 The Frenchman Louis Lumiere is often credited as inventing the first motion picture camera in But in truth, several others had made similar inventions around the same time as Lumiere. What Lumiere invented was a portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe, three functions covered in one invention.

13 1896 Later in 1896, Edison showed his improved Vistascope projector and it was the first commercially, successful, projector in the U.S..

14 1903 Edison Corporation mechanic Edwin S. Porter turns cameraman, director and producer to make The Great Train Robbery. With 14 shots cutting between simultaneous events, this 12-minute short establishes the shot as film's basic element and editing as a central narrative device. It is also the first Western. Movie Timeline —

15 1907 In 1907 at least 5000 nickelodeons were operating around the world. In the United States, a new theater opened everyday! Often, theaters were just a screen and chairs piled into an old store or other large building. Early movies were "silent". Actors told the whole story with their movements alone. Often, a piano player would be hired to accompany the movies.

16 1911 In 1911 the Nestor Company built the first movie studio outside of New York. The location chosen was a small town in the Southern California named Hollywood. Within a few years, Hollywood was to become the movie capital of the world--a position it still holds today.

17 1913 First 35mm still camera developed

18 1928 Animation Mickey Mouse's official birthday is November 18, 1928 when he made his first film debut in Steamboat Willie. This was the first Mickey Mouse cartoon released. However, the first Mickey Mouse Cartoon ever made was Plane Crazy in 1928, it was the third cartoon released.

19 1935-1942 1935 Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film.
1941 Eastman Kodak introduces Kodacolor negative film. 1942 Chester Carlson receives patent for electric photography (xerography).

20 1948-1968 1948 Edwin Land markets the Polaroid camera.
1954 Eastman Kodak introduces high speed Tri-X film. 1960 EG&G develops extreme depth underwater camera for U.S. Navy. 1963 Polaroid introduces instant color film. 1968 Photograph of the Earth from the moon

21 1975 The First digital was born.

22 1983 Colorization Invented by Canadians Wilson Markle and Brian Hunt in 1983.

23 1993 Lost in Yonkers is edited on an Avid Media Composer system, the first non-linear editing system to allow viewing at film's required “real-time”-viewing rate of 24 frames per second. By converting film into digital bits, film can now be cut on a computer Movie Timeline —

24 2000 Warner Bros. announces that 11-year-old British actor Daniel Radcliffe will play the titular wizard in Harry Potter and the Sorceror's Stone, the first film to be adapted from the wildly popular series of young adult books by J. K. Rowling. The film is due out Thanksgiving Movie Timeline —

25 2001 JVC (the company that developed the original VHS format) introduced Digital VHS (D-VHS).  Unlike many other digital formats, D-VHS is totally uncompressed - yielding superb High Definition images twice the resolution of DVD.  Being uncompressed, motion artifacts and mosaic banding will be things of the past.   File sizes aren't small however....   A 60 minute program will eat up 150 Gigabytes of hard drive space.  The huge file sizes will make "movie swapping" over the net impractical - even with high bandwidth connections (at least here in the US).

26 2002 My Big Fat Greek Wedding becomes the most profitable movie of all time. It earns more than $200 million at the box office, while costing only about $5 million to Movie Timeline —

27 2003 Finding Nemo replaces The Lion King as the highest-grossing animated film of all time. Finding Nemo doesn't hold the honor for long. Shrek 2 shoots to the top of the list in 2004.

28 2005 With the release of Stars Wars Episode III: The Revenge of the Sith, Georg Lucas completes his six-film series.

29 2006 The Walt Disney Co. pays $7.4 billion for Pixar Animation Studios, the powerhouse that created the Toy Story films, Monsters, Inc., Finding Nemo, and The Incredibles.

30 top 1o movies in 2007 Spider-Man 3 (Sony)
Shrek the Third (Paramount/Dreamworks) Transformers (Paramount/Dreamworks) Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (Walt Disney) . Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (Warner Bros.) The Bourne Ultimatum (Universal) (Warner Bros Ratatouille (Walt Disney). I Am Legend (Warner Bros.). The Simpsons Movie (Fox) Wild Hogs (Buena Vista) 168,273, Alvin and the Chipmunks (Fox). Knocked Up (Universal). National Treasure: Book of Secrets (Walt Disney). Rush Hour 3 (New Line) Read more: Top 25 Movies of 2007 —

31 Top 10 movies in 2008 The Dark Night (Warner Bros Iron Man (Paramount)
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (Paramount) Hancock (Sony) WALL-E (Walt Disney) Kung Fu Panda (Paramount/Dreamworks) Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa (Paramount) Twilight (Summit Entertainment) Quantum of Solace (Sony) Dr. Suess' Horton Hears A Who! (Fox) Read more: Top 25 Movies of 2008 —

32 Top 10 movies in 2009 1. Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince Up The Hangover Star Trek Twilight Saga: New Moon Monsters vs. Aliens Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs X-Men Origins: Wolverine Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian Read more: Top 10 Movies of 2009 —

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