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Human Trafficking in Florida Robin H. Thompson, JD, MA Robin H. Thompson & Associates February 7, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Trafficking in Florida Robin H. Thompson, JD, MA Robin H. Thompson & Associates February 7, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Trafficking in Florida Robin H. Thompson, JD, MA Robin H. Thompson & Associates February 7, 2013

2 What is Human Trafficking? Modern day slavery Trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transporting, providing or obtaining, by any means, any person for labor or services involving forced labor, slavery or servitude in any industry, such as forced or coerced participation in agriculture, prostitution, manufacturing, or other industries or in domestic service or marriage. Freedom Network, based on the federal criminal law definitions of trafficking.

3 Three Elements of Trafficking* Three Elements of Trafficking* Recruiting OR Harboring OR Moving OR Obtaining a person, 1 PROCESS by Force OR Fraud OR Coercion 2 MEANS For the purposes of Involuntary Servitude OR Debt Bondage OR Slavery OR Sex Trade 3 END *Freedom Network Training Institute

4 Human Trafficking Important to be being victim-centered Victim is impacted by many systems Victim is reluctant to discuss Victims have multiple victimizations Confidentiality is paramount Crisis oriented Safety and Safety Planning very important

5 Human Trafficking: Prevalence In the U.S. 14,500-17,500 annually, 80% women and children Globally, accounts range from 600,000 to 4 million people trafficked worldwide each year (United Nations) Twenty seven million people in slavery around the world $9.5 billion business Florida is third in the nation Center for the Advancement of Human Rights, Florida Responds to Human Trafficking

6 Who is trafficked? Vulnerable people U.S. and foreign nationals All ages, education Men, women, children Futures Without Violence, Turning Pain Into Power

7 Who Are the Traffickers? Organized criminal syndicates Families (“mom & pop” operations) Labor subcontractors Pimps Diplomats Business people/professionals Individuals with non-commercial sexual motives May also be neighbors, friends, relatives of the victim

8 Human Trafficking Identification Clues: ◦ Evidence of being controlled ◦ Evidence of an inability to move or leave job ◦ Bruises or other signs of battering ◦ Fear or depression ◦ Non-English speaking ◦ Recently brought to this country ◦ Lacks passport, immigration or identification documentation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Mindset of a Human Trafficking Victim

9 Who could be a victim of human trafficking? ANYONE Vulnerability is key Economic shackles

10 Traffickers Brutally Control Their Victims Beatings, burnings, rapes, & starvation Isolation Psychological abuses Threats of deportation Threats against the victim’s family members in the home country Drug/alcohol dependency Withholding of documents Debt bondage

11 People are trafficked in: Prostitution Exotic Dancing Agricultural Work Domestic Work & Childcare Factory Work Begging Restaurant Work Construction Work Hotel Housekeeping Mail Order Brides Criminal Activities Informal Labor Sector Other?

12 Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Runaways and “throwaways” at great risk Exploited through sex trade Florida is a magnet for runaways; 96 children under DCF care in 2010 id’d 271 calls to DCF Abuse Hotline

13 Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Multiple prosecutions to date (e.g., Osley- Greer case) Any child (<18) induced to perform a sex act is a trafficking victim Traffickers target group homes, foster care

14 Practical Applications of Cultural Competence Listen to the student with an open mind: -Without using culturally-based assumptions -Let the student narrate story in a style that is familiar. Use a trusted and reliable interpreter. Make sure interpreter is not linked to the trafficking situation.

15 Cultural Competence continued Gather information about the student’s understanding of his/her culture and community. Please consider: -What is like to talk about this problem? -is there safety and support? -Are there barriers to safety? -Adapted from Dr. Sujata Warrier

16 Screening: Human Trafficking How to ask – human trafficking: ◦ Can you leave your job or situation if you want? ◦ Can you come and go as you please? ◦ Have you been threatened if you try to leave? ◦ Have you been physically harmed in any way? ◦ What are your working or living conditions like? ◦ Where do you sleep and eat?

17 Screening - continued Have you ever been deprived of food, water, sleep or medical care? Do you have to ask permission to eat, sleep or go to the bathroom? Are there locks on your doors and windows so you cannot get out? Has anyone threatened your family? Has your identification or documentation been taken from you? Is anyone forcing you to do anything that you do not want to do? U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Mindset of a Human Trafficking Victim

18 Mandatory Reporting – DCF Must call Abuse Hotline: ◦ Knows or reasonable cause to suspect ◦ Abuse, neglect or exploitation ◦ Of child or ◦ Vulnerable adult Anonymous 800-96-ABUSE (800-962-2873)

19 Florida laws Generally, align with federal law Define human trafficking, forced labor Criminal penalties Civil remedies Safe Harbor law for minors Florida Children’s Cabinet Other state activity

20 Federal Laws ◦ Immigration relief (IPV and trafficking) ◦ Eligible for refugee-type benefits: welfare, child care, county health services, housing, transportation, job training, and language instruction – trafficking ◦ International action - trafficking

21 Quick and Easy Next Steps Post multi-lingual materials (brochures, posters, cards) (in hall ways, bathrooms, classrooms, etc.) Share materials w/all staff now - professional and administrative staff Know your local resources + interpreters you can trust Keep key numbers handy

22 Human Trafficking: Resources in Florida Center for the Advancement of Human Rights (CAHR), Florida State University 850-644-4550; VIDA Legal Assistance – 786-525-9178 Florida Department of Children and Families, Office of Refugee Services, 850-488-3791 trafficking trafficking Robin Thompson, Senior Project Director, FSU - CAHR or 850-907-0693

23 Human Trafficking: National Resources Health and Human Services: FREE STUFF Referral to aid organization in the victim's area. Toll-free number (888-3737-888) ( Department of Justice: Trafficking in Persons and Worker Exploitation Task Force Complaint Line 1-888-428-7581 (voice and TTY).

24 Thank you! Questions?

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