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Prof. Murtala. S. Sagagi Dean, Bayero Business School, Bayero University, Kano November, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Prof. Murtala. S. Sagagi Dean, Bayero Business School, Bayero University, Kano November, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prof. Murtala. S. Sagagi Dean, Bayero Business School, Bayero University, Kano November, 2014

2  Today’s world is not divided by Ideology but by Technology  In the last three decades, technological change has been the primary driver for growth and structural change for nations.  Also, ICT is considered critical to increased voice, accountability and economic progress  Thus, the demand for ICT products would continue to grow as we move into the 21 st century and beyond.

3  Nigeria has witnessed modest level of growth in the mobile telecom over the last 2 decades  The growth, however, is skewed to urban areas  Access to ICT and the resources to permit ICT utilisation is paramount to IT revolution  Very often, ‘access to market’ and access to ICT product require skills, knowledge and abilities  This paper examines the binding constraints to accessing the essential benefits of ICT opportunities and the policy change required to facilitate the development of a true ICT enabled nation.

4  Mere access to broad ICT supply-chain network is insufficient to achieved meaningful social and economic change unless it is supported by capacity development and policy framework as exemplified by India and South Korea.  It has been noted that the real gain of ICT does not trickled down to poor countries, particularly in most African countries (Jani, Abraham and Padmanabha,2008)  In Nigeria, many people continuously become isolated from the benefits of industrialisation and globalisation


6  Additional driver to growth and employment generation: At the moment, around 10% of Nigeria's GDP  Improve productivity and competitiveness of firms: exports or new sources of competitive advantage such as cost-savings  Create new sources of wealth: by leveraging the entrepreneurial capacity of local entrepreneurs  Support good governance by empowering people to demand value for money  Build domestic capacity-as businesses become more efficient

7 Figure 4: Comparison of running cost (

8  For this reason, developing countries found it advantageous to integrate ICT policy in their development strategies  Ironically, ICT revolution occur with or without a systematic policy (UNESCAP, 2009)  But, good policies tend to expand ICT sector quickly, cheaply and responsibly  ICT Policy would help avoid wastages and redirect efforts and resources

9  Typically, certain level of skill is required to benefit from ICT: ◦ Semi-skilled:- data entry, accounting, call centres, etc, mainly dominated by Asians ◦ Skilled:- soft and hardware design and development: mainly domiciled in developed countries ◦ Production skills: mostly in China and in silicon valleys operating with staff mainly from Russia and other eastern European countries.

10  IT policy becomes operational in 2001 by the establishment of National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA)  The Agency is expected to collaborate with relevant stakeholders to increase access and also place Nigeria visibly, productively and responsibly on global ICT map  Unlike in other countries where ICT policy is an integral part of a national development strategy, Nigeria’s ICT policy implementation is bedevilled by numerous challenges associated with governance

11  The National Bureau of Statistics (2011) noted that inadequate infrastructure, especially electricity supply and  high poverty incidence were the major obstacles to gaining access to Nigerian ICT market and also hinder the effective utilisation of ICT products


13 yearPoverty LevelReal GDP Rates  198018.265.5  198534.739.4  199239.073.4  199667.117.10  200468.70-  201070.007.98  201271.06.5 Source: NBS, (2010), UNESCO, (2010), NBS, (2012), CBN, (various issues) Statistical Bulleting & Annual Reports

14 GDP per capita of selected African countries  World Bank, 2012

15  StatesPOELECPHNINT.  Adamawa74.2-471.8  Gombe74.2-621.1  Jigawa74.138752.0  Plateau74.1-673.6  Sokoto81.229330.3  Zamfara70.8-36o.5 Source: NBS-Poverty Profile, 2012; NBS, A.S.E. Report on Access to ICT, 2011, IFC, 2011

16  StatesPOELEC PHN INT  Bayelsa4766642.0  Lagos49998627  Niger 3466864.4  Ondo4657752.1  Osun38-928.5  Rivers50807611 Source: NBS-Poverty Profile, 2012; NBS, ASE Report on ICT, 2011, IFC, 2011

17  Others challenges include: ◦ Limited potential for collaboration with major global IT players ◦ Capacity for innovation ◦ Weak ICT transformation implementation process ◦ Cyber crime and uncultured ICT materials

18  The problems highlighted are not exhaustive  The challenges they pose are enormous for private sector development  However, each of the problem identified represent a unique source of opportunity to be exploited by IT entrepreneurs which Nigeria has in abundance  The country represents a huge market.  The neighbouring countries are also extension of the Nigeria's market

19  Rapid development of ICT infrastructure – broad band, fibre optic, satellite, etc  Human capacity development (Indian model) including research and development (Korean model)  Credible regulatory environment (learning from South Africa)  Support for entrepreneurial ICT start ups  Support local innovations and investments (linking universities, industry and financial sector)

20  Reduce social inequality that inhibit access to ICT products  Favourable investment climate  Foster strategic alliances with global ICT players

21  With improved public sector management moving increasingly to e-government, sufficient resources would be available for massive investments into social and economic infrastructure.  Unlike in other African countries, Nigerian entrepreneurs do not require handouts from the government in order to provide leadership towards ICT revolution and economic diversification  What they require is credible, focused and digitally oriented government to provide the enabling environment.  At the moment, ICT should be widely used by all stakeholders to demand better governance.

22 Thank you for listening

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