Presentation on theme: "Comparing the U.S. and Florida Constitutions"— Presentation transcript:
1Comparing the U.S. and Florida Constitutions How Do they Compare?Comparing the U.S. and Florida Constitutions
2constitution What is a…? Have students offer their own definition of what a constitution is. Definition provided on the following slide.
3In general, a constitution is a document that organizes a government. Think of a constitution as a rule book for government…Rule BookThe following slide will elaborate on the definition as applied to the U.S. Constitution. Ask students if they know of anything else a constitution does (lists the rights of the people, says what government can and cannot do, etc)
4The United States Constitution does the following: Sets up the governmentDefines power and limits of the governmentLays out some of the rights of the peopleAsk students what “social contract” means (review of Locke PowerPoint) – the agreement between the people and the government: the people agree to live under and obey the government, the people give the power to make and enforce laws, and the government gives protection to the people in return.
5In a constitutional government, it all starts with the people… The Constitution creates limits and guidelines for the government in order to protect the people from an abuse of power.ConstitutionThe constitution is a social contract between We the People and the government.The Constitution protects the rights of the people from the government.In a constitutional government, it all starts with the people…This slide will look at CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENTSDistribute student handout “What is a Constitution?”Students will complete their handout as the PowerPoint progresses. Remind students to check and see if they are on the correct section – Constitutional Government.The first step in a “constitutional government” is the establishment of a social contract between the people and the government.The result of that social contract is a constitution that will outline the limits and guidelines placed on government and the rights of the people to be protected from the government.The people must consent to give the power to make and enforce laws to the government.The government is structured to offer protection for the people through public safety measures and the justice system.GovernmentThe PeopleThe People
6What are the First three words of the U.S. Constitution? We the People…
7What are the First three words of the FLORIDA Constitution? We the People…Ask students if they knew Florida had a Constitution. Ask if any of them have ever read the document.
8IN Your Group… Now let’s test your knowledge! Using the outlines of the U.S. and Florida Constitutions, compare the documents on your How Do They Compare? Handout.Florida ConstitutionWrite the differences under the correct label.U.S. ConstitutionWrite the differences under the correct label.Hint –Look for:Structural differencesContent differencesDatesResponsibilities/servicesWrite the similarities in the center.Have students work in small groups. Discuss responses upon completion using a “round-robin” method. Each group will share a fact about the Florida Constitution, a fact about the U.S. Constitution, and something the two documents have in common. Then, move to the next group. Continue around the classroom until students run out of answers. Students should not repeat responses given by other groups.Now let’s test your knowledge!
9Work together and use your outline to make your best guess! Where is it from?Read the selected quote.Your group will need to decide:Which document it is from - the U.S. or Florida ConstitutionWhere in the document this quote is foundWork together and use your outline to make your best guess!
10United States Constitution Where is this quote from?The…power to establish post offices…Click on the picture to link to the answer slide.Florida ConstitutionUnited States Constitution
11United States Constitution Where is this quote from?Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law…Click on the picture to go to the answer slideFlorida ConstitutionUnited States Constitution
12United States Constitution Where is this quote from?It is a paramount duty…to make adequate provision for the education of all children residing within its bordersClick on the picture to go to the answer slide.Florida ConstitutionUnited States Constitution
13United States Constitution Where is this quote from?He shall have the power to make Treaties…Click on the picture to go to the answer slide.Florida ConstitutionUnited States Constitution
14United States Constitution How Do they stack?You know about the U.S. Constitution and the Florida Constitution – but how do they relate to each other and with other kinds of law?United States ConstitutionLocal ordinancesFederal lawState lawSchool rulesFlorida Constitution
15United States Constitution IN your Group:Discuss the six sources of “law” listed below.Determine how these laws relate to each other – what is the lowest form of law? What is the highest law in our government?Stack the laws in the correct order on your handout – with the lowest law at the bottom, and the highest law at the top.Local ordinancesUnited States ConstitutionFederal lawState lawSchool rulesFlorida Constitution
16United States Constitution So, how do they stack?United States ConstitutionThe United States Constitution is the highest law in the land. This is stated in Article VI of the Constitution: “The Constitution…shall be the supreme Law of the Land…”Florida ConstitutionThe Florida Constitution sets up the government of Florida and defines the rights of Florida’s citizens. The Florida Constitution is placed above state laws.Federal lawFederal law applies to all those who live in the United States. It is created by the United States Congress and can overrule pieces of a state’s Constitution.State lawState laws are the next layer. These impact all individuals living within the state.Federal lawFlorida ConstitutionState lawLocal ordinancesLocal ordinances impact us on a local level. An example might be a noise ordinance after 10 p.m.School rulesSchool rules are a kind of law. They are the lowest level because they impact you on a super local level.Local ordinancesSchool rules
17The…power to establish post offices and post Roads… Correct!The…power to establish post offices and post Roads…Article I of the United States Constitution gives Congress the power to establish post offices and roads. This is a power of the federal government.Next Question
18Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law… Correct!FloridaConstitutionCounties may be created, abolished or changed by law…Local government, which includes counties, is outlined in Article VIII (8) of the Florida Constitution.Next Question
19Correct! Florida Constitution It is a paramount duty…to make adequate provision for the education of all children residing within its bordersDid you know that education is never mentioned in the United States Constitution? Education is the responsibility of the states and is outlined in Article IX (9) of the Florida Constitution.Next Question
20He shall have the power to make Treaties… Correct!He shall have the power to make Treaties…The power to make treaties is a power only given to the federal (national) government – specifically, the President. The powers of the President are outlined in Article II (2).Next Slide
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