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Comparing the U.S. and Florida Constitutions. Think of a constitution as a rule book for government… Rule Book.

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Presentation on theme: "Comparing the U.S. and Florida Constitutions. Think of a constitution as a rule book for government… Rule Book."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comparing the U.S. and Florida Constitutions

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3 Think of a constitution as a rule book for government… Rule Book

4 The United States Constitution does the following: Sets up the government Defines power and limits of the government Lays out some of the rights of the people

5 The People The Constitution protects the rights of the people from the government. Constitution The People Government The constitution is a social contract between We the People and the government. The government is structured to offer protection for the people through public safety measures and the justice system. The Constitution creates limits and guidelines for the government in order to protect the people from an abuse of power. The people must consent to give the power to make and enforce laws to the government. In a constitutional government, it all starts with the people…

6 We the People…

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8 Using the outlines of the U.S. and Florida Constitutions, compare the documents on your How Do They Compare? Handout. Florida Constitution Write the differences under the correct label. U.S. Constitution Write the differences under the correct label. Write the similarities in the center. Hint – Look for: Structural differences Content differences Dates Responsibilities/ services Now let’s test your knowledge!

9  Read the selected quote.  Your group will need to decide:  Which document it is from - the U.S. or Florida Constitution  Where in the document this quote is found Work together and use your outline to make your best guess!

10 The…power to establish post offices… Where is this quote from? Florida Constitution United States Constitution

11 Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law… Where is this quote from? Florida Constitution United States Constitution

12 It is a paramount duty…to make adequate provision for the education of all children residing within its borders Where is this quote from? Florida Constitution United States Constitution

13 He shall have the power to make Treaties… Where is this quote from? Florida Constitution United States Constitution

14 You know about the U.S. Constitution and the Florida Constitution – but how do they relate to each other and with other kinds of law? Local ordinances State law Federal law School rules Florida Constitution United States Constitution

15  Discuss the six sources of “law” listed below.  Determine how these laws relate to each other – what is the lowest form of law? What is the highest law in our government?  Stack the laws in the correct order on your handout – with the lowest law at the bottom, and the highest law at the top. Local ordinances State law Federal law School rules Florida Constitution United States Constitution

16 Florida Constitution The Florida Constitution sets up the government of Florida and defines the rights of Florida’s citizens. The Florida Constitution is placed above state laws. School rules School rules are a kind of law. They are the lowest level because they impact you on a super local level. Local ordinances Local ordinances impact us on a local level. An example might be a noise ordinance after 10 p.m. State law State laws are the next layer. These impact all individuals living within the state. Local ordinances Federal law Federal law applies to all those who live in the United States. It is created by the United States Congress and can overrule pieces of a state’s Constitution. United States Constitution The United States Constitution is the highest law in the land. This is stated in Article VI of the Constitution: “The Constitution…shall be the supreme Law of the Land…” School rules State law Florida Constitution Federal law

17 Article I of the United States Constitution gives Congress the power to establish post offices and roads. This is a power of the federal government. The…power to establish post offices and post Roads… Next Question

18 Florida Constitution Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law… Local government, which includes counties, is outlined in Article VIII (8) of the Florida Constitution. Next Question

19 Florida Constitution Did you know that education is never mentioned in the United States Constitution? Education is the responsibility of the states and is outlined in Article IX (9) of the Florida Constitution. Next Question It is a paramount duty…to make adequate provision for the education of all children residing within its borders

20 The power to make treaties is a power only given to the federal (national) government – specifically, the President. The powers of the President are outlined in Article II (2). Next Slide He shall have the power to make Treaties…

21 INCORRECT CLICK TO RETURN TO SLIDE

22 INCORRECT CLICK TO RETURN TO SLIDE

23 INCORRECT CLICK TO RETURN TO SLIDE

24 INCORRECT CLICK TO RETURN TO SLIDE


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