Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Given By: F ARZAH S IDDIQUI ADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS01.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Given By: F ARZAH S IDDIQUI ADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS01."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Given By: F ARZAH S IDDIQUI

3 ADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS01

4 o Sampling method is cheaper to collect information as compared to census (i.e. complete enumeration). o The data may be collected, classified and analyzed much more quickly with a sample than with a census enquiry. o A sample is often used as a check to verify the accuracy of complete count. o It provides greater accuracy because the volume of work is reduced in the sample survey. FARZAH SIDDIQUIADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS02

5 FARZAH SIDDIQUIADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS03

6 FARZAH SIDDIQUIADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS04

7 FARZAH SIDDIQUIADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS05

8 Consider all possible samples of size n which can be drawn from a given population. For each sample we can compute a statistic. Which will vary from sample to sample. In this way we obtain a distribution of the statistic which is called its sampling distribution. FARZAH SIDDIQUIADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS06

9 Explained By: N IDA S OHAIL

10 Nida SohailADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS07

11 N n Nida SohailADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS08

12 SAMPLE NUMBERALL POSSIBLE SAMPLES 01(3, 0) 02(3, 1) 03(3, 2) 04(3, 4) 05(0, 1) 06(0, 2) 07(0, 4) 08(1, 2) 09(1, 4) 10(2, 4) Nida SohailADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS09

13 ALL POSSIBLE SAMPLESSAMPLE MEAN X = ( x 1 + x 2 ) / 2 (3, 0)X 1 = 1.5 (3, 1)X 2 = 2.0 (3, 2)X 3 = 2.5 (3, 4)X 4 = 3.5 (0, 1)X 5 = 0.5 (0, 2)X 6 = 1.0 (0, 4)X 7 = 2.0 (1, 2)X 8 = 1.5 (1, 4)X 9 = 2.5 (2, 4)X 10 = 3.0 Nida SohailADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS10

14 Where, X = Mean of Sample Means X = 2 Nida SohailADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS11

15 Where,  µ = Population Mean  x 1 = 3  x 2 = 0  x 3 = 1  x 4 = 2  x 5 = 4  N = No. of Observations of the Population µ = 2 Nida SohailADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS12

16 Explained By: S OAIYBA J ABEEN A HMED

17 Soaiyba Jabeen AhmedADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS13

18 x = 6 Where 6 is an estimate where as the statistic X used as formula is called an estimator. The statistic X is said to be an unbiased estimator when the mean of all possible X is equal to the population mean µ. Soaiyba Jabeen AhmedADVANCED BUSINESS STATISTICS14

19 A confidence -interval estimate of a parameter consist of an interval of numbers obtained from a point estimate of the parameter together with a percentage that specifies how confident we are that the parameter lies in the interval. The confidence percentage is called confidence level. It is abbreviated by CI. Soaiyba Jabeen AhmedADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS15

20 Soaiyba Jabeen AhmedADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS16

21 Soaiyba Jabeen AhmedADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS

22  Draw a sample of size n = 10 from the data.  Construct a 95% confidence interval for population parameter µ. Soaiyba Jabeen AhmedADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS18

23 FORMULA FOR CALCULATING CONFIDENCE INTERVAL < µ < Lower Limit Upper Limit Soaiyba Jabeen AhmedADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS19

24 Where, x = Sample Mean σ = Population Standard Deviation n = Sample Size (1 – α) = Co-efficient of Confidence Interval Soaiyba Jabeen AhmedADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS20

25 FURTHER EXPLAINED By: A BID N AWAZ M ERANI

26 Before solving the question we have to check the following conditions, if any one of these conditions are fulfilled then we apply the formula. The conditions are: Condition # 1 :-  Population normal.  Sample size n ≥ 30.  Population σ unknown. Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS21

27 Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS22 Condition # 2 :-  Population normal  Sample size n < 30  Population σ known Condition # 3 :-  Population normal  Sample size n > 30  Population σ unknown

28 FINDING α :- 1 - α = 95% α = 1 – 0.95 α = 0.05 FINDING Z α/2 :- Z α/2 = Z 0.05/2 Z α/2 = Z (From the Z-Table) Z α/2 = Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS23

29 Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS

30 RANDOM SAMPLE :- Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS25 Serial No.Random Nos.Random Sample X 1 = X 2 = X 3 = X 4 = X 5 = X 6 = X 7 = X 8 = X 9 = X 10 = ∑X = 1700

31 X = ∑X n X = X = 170 Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS26

32 Now we have, X = 170 σ = Z α/2 = n = 10 By using the formula, < µ < Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS27

33 By putting the values in the formula, < < Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS28

34 Just as the Population Mean of 100 individuals lies between the Confidence Interval computed by taking the Sample of 10 observations from the given Population, the Population Mean of thousands of individuals also lies between the Confidence Interval if we take 100 observations as a Sample of that data. Abid Nawaz MeraniADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS28

35


Download ppt "Given By: F ARZAH S IDDIQUI ADVANCE BUSINESS STATISTICS01."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google