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MR. SAID ABID S/O SAID TAHIR THE 2013 RESEARCH WRITING SKILLS SHOWCASE OF Afghan flag image courtesy of (www.picafghan.com)

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1 MR. SAID ABID S/O SAID TAHIR THE 2013 RESEARCH WRITING SKILLS SHOWCASE OF Afghan flag image courtesy of (www.picafghan.com) LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW RESEARCH WRITING SKILLS SHOWCASE

2 Statement of the Problem & Proposal Assertions or Assumptions of the Study Statement of the Thesis Background & Urgency of the Problem Afghan Children are suffering from education. The education system is not that good and standardized In some areas children do not have access to school, kindergarten, and so on. Afghan Children are suffering from education. The education system is not that good and standardized In some areas children do not have access to school, kindergarten, and so on. In three weeks I will design an informative poster with 7 pictures taken from the internet in Pashto-English about three ways of enhancing children learning (Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2) to enable junior high school teachers (Oxford Brookes University, 2011, para.3) in Afghanistan, so that the teachers can improve their lecture delivery by using textbooks, photo caption, and visual strategies (Miller, 2013, para.6).Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2Oxford Brookes University, 2011, para.3Miller, 2013, para.6 In three weeks I will design an informative poster with 7 pictures taken from the internet in Pashto-English about three ways of enhancing children learning (Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2) to enable junior high school teachers (Oxford Brookes University, 2011, para.3) in Afghanistan, so that the teachers can improve their lecture delivery by using textbooks, photo caption, and visual strategies (Miller, 2013, para.6).Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2Oxford Brookes University, 2011, para.3Miller, 2013, para.6 Teachers will complete a 6-week seminar and learn how to use interactive teaching methods like role-play and group work while teaching the students (Giving, 2013, para.4), and teachers can learn to make lesson plans (Fink, 2005), and integrate new curriculum on peace and health into their classes.Giving, 2013, para.4Fink, 2005 Teachers will complete a 6-week seminar and learn how to use interactive teaching methods like role-play and group work while teaching the students (Giving, 2013, para.4), and teachers can learn to make lesson plans (Fink, 2005), and integrate new curriculum on peace and health into their classes.Giving, 2013, para.4Fink, 2005 Thesis statement: All teachers, principles and staff who do not know to enhance children learning (Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2) in Afghanistan can follow seven pictures on a poster to use interactive teaching methods such as role-play, group work, and making lesson plans before or in-between teaching (Giving, 2013, para.4).Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2Giving, 2013, para.4 Thesis statement: All teachers, principles and staff who do not know to enhance children learning (Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2) in Afghanistan can follow seven pictures on a poster to use interactive teaching methods such as role-play, group work, and making lesson plans before or in-between teaching (Giving, 2013, para.4).Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2Giving, 2013, para.4 Said Abid, Khan Village, Cape Town, Nangarhar Province Afghanistan The Use of Maslow’s Theory to Enhance Children Learning in Afghanistan G10 SHL1013 Professional English (13 December 2013) Theoretical Background Theoretical Application Proposed Poster Design The highest level is self-actualization, or the self- fulfillment. Behavior in this case is not driven or motivated by deficiencies but rather one’s desire for personal growth and the need to become all the things that a person is capable of becoming (Maslow, 1970).Maslow, 1970 The highest level is self-actualization, or the self- fulfillment. Behavior in this case is not driven or motivated by deficiencies but rather one’s desire for personal growth and the need to become all the things that a person is capable of becoming (Maslow, 1970).Maslow, 1970 As a human being everybody needs good food, shelter, warmth, education, healthcare, and so forth. In Afghanistan children are not treated well, are not well educated, and the education is not that standard, thus we need to enhance children learning and improve the level of education. Methodology 1.Photographs are taken and used on a poster 2.The poster will be shown in schools, courses, and tuitions areas. 3.Workshops will be given to the teachers to enhance children learning 4.Teachers will follow the 5 steps on the poster on enhancing children learning 5.Teachers should entertain the children before starting the lesson and give them a 5 minutes break in each hour 1.Photographs are taken and used on a poster 2.The poster will be shown in schools, courses, and tuitions areas. 3.Workshops will be given to the teachers to enhance children learning 4.Teachers will follow the 5 steps on the poster on enhancing children learning 5.Teachers should entertain the children before starting the lesson and give them a 5 minutes break in each hour Projected Challenges & Solutions References About the Writer Timeline & Implementation Strategy Week 1: Design and production of posters Week 2: Assigning people for the distribution of the posters Week 3: Poster distribution Week 4: Implementation Week 1: Design and production of posters Week 2: Assigning people for the distribution of the posters Week 3: Poster distribution Week 4: Implementation Giving the workshop to the teachers to enhance children learning Workshop will take 2-3 days, and will cost us some amount of money After workshop the teachers will know how to interact with the students, and how to teach them in a manner, where they can understand succinctly The teachers have to encourage the children towards their studies and motivate them each in everyday in the class Giving the workshop to the teachers to enhance children learning Workshop will take 2-3 days, and will cost us some amount of money After workshop the teachers will know how to interact with the students, and how to teach them in a manner, where they can understand succinctly The teachers have to encourage the children towards their studies and motivate them each in everyday in the class Fabbs. (2011, March 24). Enhancing Children’s Learning: Insights from Cognitive, Education, and Neuroscience Research. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from Giving, G. (2013, March 12). Train Effective Afghan Teachers. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from Fink, D. L. (2005). Integrated course design. Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center. Retrieved from Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50, pp. 370, from Fabbs. (2011, March 24). Enhancing Children’s Learning: Insights from Cognitive, Education, and Neuroscience Research. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from Giving, G. (2013, March 12). Train Effective Afghan Teachers. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from Fink, D. L. (2005). Integrated course design. Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center. Retrieved from Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50, pp. 370, from Said Abid s/o Said Tahir is a Banking and Finance Scholar of Albukhary International University. He is currently seeking the ways to Enhance Children Learning in Afghanistan 5 ways of Enhancing Children Learning in Afghanistan How to be well educated? Afghanistan flag courtesy of (www.mapsofworld.com) AIU logo courtesy of (www.aiu.com)

3 00%00% 00% 1.Statement of the Research Problem (1,2,3)123 2.Electronic Research (1,2,3)123 3.Assumptions of the Proposal (1,2,3)123 4.Reference Listing (1,2,3)123 5.Statement of the Thesis (1,2,3)123 6.Letter of Transmittal (1)1 7.Theoretical Background & Application (1)1 8.Summary / Abstract Writing (1)1 9.Methods & Procedures (1)1 10.Projected Problems and Solutions (1)1 SUMMARY ASSESSMENT: PROJECT PROPOSAL LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

4 1.1 DETAILS 1.2 THEORY 1.4 REFERENCES 1.3 URGENCY 1.5 ASSUMPTION 1.0 RUBRIC 1.6 THESIS LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

5 In three weeks, I will design an informative poster with 5 colorful photos taken from the Internet in Pashto-English to build biogas system (Energy, 2013)Energy, 2013 in Afghanistan, so that the Afghan people can make their own gas(Stanojevic, 2011) instead of buying it (McLeod, 2013), and can benefit the gas anytime.Stanojevic, 2011McLeod, 2013 A*ABCPASSFAIL 01. Logic: Easily understood and logically clear meaningA*ABCPASSFAIL 02. Clarity: One complete sentence with no errorsA*ABCPASSFAIL 03. Difficulty: A topic that can be at college-levelA*ABCPASSFAIL 04. Specific Output: A clear product for gradingA*ABCPASSFAIL 05. Viable Output: Doable before deadlineA*ABCPASSFAIL 06. Beneficiary: Exactly who will benefit from proposalA*ABCPASSFAIL 07. Urgency: Beneficiary need is convincingly urgentA*ABCPASSFAIL 08. Specific Beneficiary: Beneficiary need is quantifiedA*ABCPASSFAIL 09. Relevance: What beneficiaries must do to meet needsA*ABCPASSFAIL 10. Objective Concepts: Measurable verbs and nounsA*ABCPASSFAIL 11. Original Input: Use of elements of originalityA*ABCPASSFAIL 12. Proof (Bonus): Use of authoritative supportA*ABCPASSFAIL G10Said Abid s/o Said Tahir #01 Mr. Jaime13-Dec-13 ASSESSMENT RUBRIC : STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM A* = 90 to 100 A = 80 to 90 B = 70 to 80 C = 60 to 70 D = 50 to 60 F = 0 to 49 [In drafting: PASS or FAIL grade only] 00%00%

6 Match DETAILS LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW KEYWORDS MATCH

7 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW DATE WEBSITE AUTHOR&Date TITLE PARA DETAILS

8 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW KEYWORD THEORY’S NAME&MATCH THEORY

9 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW DATE PARA.5 TITLE WEBSITE AUTHOR THEORY

10 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW KEYWORDS URGENCY MATCH

11 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW WEBSITE TITLE AUTHOR&DATE PARA URGENCY

12 References 1.4 REFERENCES LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW 00%00% Energy, U. D. (2013, 12 10). Biogas. Retrieved from McLeod, S. (2013, 12 10). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved from Stanojevic, O. (2011, 4 27). Afghan Biogas Construction Manual FINAL. Retrieved 12 10, 2013, from

13 From problem statement to assumption In three weeks, I will design an informative poster with 5 colorful photos taken from the Internet in Pashto, and English about building the biogas system (Energy, 2013)Energy, 2013 in Afghanistan, so that the Afghan people can make their own gas(Stanojevic, 2011) instead of buying it (McLeod, 2013), and can benefit the gas anytime.Stanojevic, 2011McLeod, 2013 Problem statement Assumption All Afghan people who do not know how to make biogas(Energy, 2013) can follow five tips on a Pashto-English poster (Stanojevic, 2011) to make them able and understand on how to make biogas at least 80% (McLeod, 2013) in two months.Energy, 2013Stanojevic, 2011McLeod, ASSUMPTION LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

14 3x1x3 Thesis Statement #1 Assumption: All Afghan people who do not know how to make biogas(Energy, 2013) can follow five tips on a Pashto-English poster (Stanojevic, 2011) to make them able and understand on how to make biogas at least 80% (McLeod, 2013) in two months.Energy, 2013Stanojevic, 2011McLeod, 2013 Thesis statement: All Afghan, adults, young, and old people who do not know how to make biogas (Hoard, 2008, para.1) can follow five pictures on a Pashto- English poster to make them able and understand on how to make biogas at least 80% in one, two and three weeks (Wiki, 2011, para.10).Hoard, 2008, para.1Wiki, 2011, para THESIS LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

15 References Hoard, J. (2008, Octobar 27). Make Your Own Biogas. Retrieved 12, 10, 2013, from Wiki. (2011, December 27). STARTING UP AN ANAEROBIC BIODIGESTER: A HOW TO GUIDE. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

16 2.1 DETAILS 2.2 THEORY 2.4 REFERENCES 2.3 URGENCY 2.5 ASSUMPTION 2.0 RUBRIC 2.6 THESIS 00%00% LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

17 In three weeks I will design an information poster with 7 pictures taken from the internet in Pashto- English about three ways of enhancing children learning (Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2) to enable junior high school teachers (Oxford Brookes University, 2013, para.3) in Afghanistan, so that the teachers can improve their lecture delivery by using textbooks, photo caption, and visual strategies (Miller, 2013, para.6).Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2Oxford Brookes University, 2013, para.3Miller, 2013, para.6 A*ABCPASSFAIL 01. Logic: Easily understood and logically clear meaning A*ABC 02. Clarity: One complete sentence with no errors A*ABC 03. Difficulty: A topic that can be at college-level A*ABC 04. Specific Output: A clear product for grading A*ABC 05. Viable Output: Doable before deadline A*ABC 06. Beneficiary: Exactly who will benefit from proposal A*ABC 07. Urgency: Beneficiary need is convincingly urgent A*ABC 08. Specific Beneficiary: Beneficiary need is quantified A*ABCPASS 09. Relevance: What beneficiaries must do to meet needs A*ABC 10. Objective Concepts: Measurable verbs and nouns A*ABC 11. Original Input: Use of elements of originality A*ABC 12. Proof (Bonus): Use of authoritative support A*ABCPASS G01Complete Student Name #02 Mr. Jaime10-Nov-13 ASSESSMENT RUBRIC : STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM A* = 90 to 100 A = 80 to 90 B = 70 to 80 C = 60 to 70 D = 50 to 60 F = 0 to 49 [In drafting: PASS or FAIL grade only] 00%00%

18 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW KEYWORDS DETAILS MATCH

19 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW WEBSITE AUTHOR TITLE DATE PARA DETAILS

20 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW THEORY KEYWORDS THEORY’S NAME MATCH

21 2.2.2 THEORY LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW WEBSITE TITLE PARA.3 AUTHOR DATE

22 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW Match KEYWORDS URGENCY

23 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW AUTHOR & Date WEBSITE URGENCY TITLE PARA.6

24 References Fabbs. (2011, March 24). Enhancing Children’s Learning: Insights from Cognitive, Education, and Neuroscience Research. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from III, J. M. (2013, March 11). News from Afghanistan: Higher Education Needs the Support of International Partners. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from University, O. B. (2011). Theories of learning. Retrieved 30 November, 2013, from Oxford Brookes University: 2.4 REFERENCES LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW 00%00%

25 From problem statement to assumption In three weeks I will design an information poster with 5 pictures taken from the internet in Pashto- English about three ways of enhancing children learning (Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2) to enable junior high school teachers (Oxford Brookes University, 2011, para.3) in Afghanistan, so that the teachers can improve their lecture delivery by using textbooks, photo caption, and visual strategies (Miller, 2013, para.6).Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2Oxford Brookes University, 2011, para.3Miller, 2013, para.6 Problem Statement Assumption Teachers will complete a 6-week seminar and learn how to use interactive teaching methods like role-play and group work while teaching the students (Giving, 2013, para.4), and teachers can learn to make lesson plans (Fink, 2005), and integrate new curriculum on peace and health into their classes.Giving, 2013, para.4Fink, ASSUMPTION LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

26 3x1x3 Thesis Statement #2 Assumption: Teachers will complete a 6-week seminar and learn how to use interactive teaching methods like role-play and group work while teaching the students (Giving, 2013, para.4), and teachers can learn to make lesson plans (Fink, 2005), and integrate new curriculum on peace and health into their classes.Giving, 2013, para.4Fink, 2005 Thesis statement: All teachers, principles and staff who do not know enhancing children learning (Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2) in Afghanistan can follow seven pictures on a poster to use interactive teaching methods such as role-play, group work, and making lesson plans before or in-between teaching (Giving, 2013, para.4).Fabbs, 2011, para.1-2Giving, 2013, para THESIS LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

27 Reference Fabbs. (2011, March 24). Enhancing Children’s Learning: Insights from Cognitive, Education, and Neuroscience Research. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from Giving, G. (2013, March 12). Train Effective Afghan Teachers. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from Fink, D. L. (2005). Integrated course design. Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center. Retrieved from LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

28 3.1 DETAILS 3.2 THEORY 3.4 REFERENCES 3.3 URGENCY 3.5 ASSUMPTION 3.0 RUBRIC 3.6 THESIS 00%00% LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

29 All students (Medicine, 2007, para.1) in AIU who are not getting an adequate amount of sleep can follow seven pictures on a poster and learn (Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1) to overcome insomnia (Geneseo, 2013, para.1) by at least 50% in two weeks.Medicine, 2007, para.1Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1Geneseo, 2013, para.1 A*ABCPASSFAIL 01. Logic: Easily understood and logically clear meaning A* 02. Clarity: One complete sentence with no errors A* 03. Difficulty: A topic that can be at college-level A* 04. Specific Output: A clear product for grading A* 05. Viable Output: Doable before deadline A* 06. Beneficiary: Exactly who will benefit from proposal A* 07. Urgency: Beneficiary need is convincingly urgent A* 08. Specific Beneficiary: Beneficiary need is quantified A* 09. Relevance: What beneficiaries must do to meet needs A* 10. Objective Concepts: Measurable verbs and nouns A* 11. Original Input: Use of elements of originality A* 12. Proof (Bonus): Use of authoritative support A* G10Mr. Yuhan Satapo #03 Mr. Jaime1-Dec-13 M R. SAID ABID: 7 SOLUTIONS TO OVERCOME INSOMNIA00%00% LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

30 3.1.1 DETAILS LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW KEYWORDS MATCH

31 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW DETAILS WEBSITE AUTHOR DATE TITLE PARA.1

32 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW THEORY KEYWORDS THEORY’S NAME & MATCH

33 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW TITLE SECONDARY SOURCE Para.4 AUTHOR WEBSITE DATE THEORY

34 3.3.1 URGENCY LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW KEYWORDS MATCH

35 3.3.2 URGENCY LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW WEBSITE AUTHOR DATE PARA.1 TITLE

36 References Geneseo, S. (2013). Hot Topics! College Students & Sleep. Retrieved 30 November, 2013, from Geneseo: Learning-Theories.com. (2007). Elaboration Theory (Reigeluth). Retrieved 30 November, 2013, from Learning-Theories.com: Medicine, A. A. (30 November, 2007). College Students: Getting Enough Sleep is Vital to Academic Success. Retrieved 24 November, 2013, from American Academy of Sleep Medicine: 3.4 References LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW 00%00%

37 From problem statement to assumption In three weeks, I will design an information poster with 7 pictures from the internet in English about 6 solutions to eliminate insomnia problem for all AIU students (Medicine, 2007, para.1) who are not getting an adequate amount of sleep to follow and learn (Learning- Theories.com, 2007, para.1) to solve insomnia problem (Geneseo, 2013, para.1) by at least 50% in two weeks.Medicine, 2007, para.1Learning- Theories.com, 2007, para.1Geneseo, 2013, para.1 Problem statement Assumption All students (Medicine, 2007, para.1) in AIU who are not getting an adequate amount of sleep can follow seven pictures on a poster and learn (Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1) to eliminate insomnia problem (Geneseo, 2013, para.1) by at least 50% in two weeks.Medicine, 2007, para.1Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1Geneseo, 2013, para ASSUMPTION LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

38 3x1x3 Thesis Statement #3 Assumption: All students (Medicine, 2007, para.1) in AIU who are not getting an adequate amount of sleep can follow seven pictures on a poster and learn (Learning- Theories.com, 2007, para.1) to eliminate insomnia problem (Geneseo, 2013, para.1) by at least 50% in two weeks.Medicine, 2007, para.1Learning- Theories.com, 2007, para.1Geneseo, 2013, para.1 Thesis statement: All IEP, FSP and UGP students (Medicine, 2007, para.1) in AIU who are not getting an adequate amount of sleep can follow seven pictures on a poster and learn (Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1) to eliminate insomnia problem (Geneseo, 2013, para.1) by 50% in two weeks, 70% in three weeks and 90% in a month.Medicine, 2007, para.1Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1Geneseo, 2013, para THESIS LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

39 Theoretical Background Theoretical Application The theory of elaboration claims that “the content to be learned should be organized from simple to complex order”. (Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1)Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1 The Mayer’s Principles of Multimedia Instruction claims that “people learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented near each other”. (Mayer, 2011, para.5)Mayer, 2011, para.5 The theory of Repair and Restoration of sleep claims that “sleeping is essential for revitalizing and restoring the physiological processes that keep the body and mind healthy and properly functioning”. (Cherry, 2013, para.3)Cherry, 2013, para.3 The Evolutionary theory suggests that “periods of activity and inactivity evolved as a means of conserving energy”. (Cherry, 2013, para.8)Cherry, 2013, para.8 In week 1, the design of a poster stage, words and pictures of a poster must be presented near each other for the students to learn and follow (Mayer, 2011, para.5).Mayer, 2011, para.5 In Week 2, the socialization stage, program goals can be obtained from any student who is having sleeping problem (DEVINNEY, 2013, para.2).DEVINNEY, 2013, para.2 Simple instruction can trigger AIU students to distribute the posters in Week 3 and to implement the program in Week 4 (Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1).Learning-Theories.com, 2007, para.1 In the planning stages, the AIU students will be asked to assess their sleeping problems and suggest some possible solutions as well as involve in the finalization of the poster (Community, 2013, para.3).Community, 2013, para.3 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

40 Summary / Abstract This research proposal is designed to address the insomnia issue among AIU students in all programme studies. The idea is to introduce and propose some possible solutions to overcome insomnia amongst AiU students. The medium I used to convey my ideas is an A3-sized poster. The research proposal runs for four weeks during the first semester of Participants interested to join in the programme are required to do an online survey and meet once every two weeks to participate in the insomnia assessment, and receive solution guides that are available on a poster to help them along the way. The anticipated outcome of this proposal is that participants are able to overcome their insomnia by 50% in two weeks. The findings may be useful for other people who are having the same problem. LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

41 Methods / Procedures Implementation Timeline INITIATING - examine the feasibility of the programme DEFINING - identify the expectation or outcome of the programme DRAFTING - design a poster PLANNING - look for other members to conduct the programme - position the members into the place - test a poster with the help of 6 students in one week IMPLEMENTING - conduct an online survey and meeting for participants - post a seven solution poster on the announcement boards at the hostels TABULATING - tabulate the data collected ANALYZING - analyze tabulated data DISCUSSION - evaluate the outcome of two-week process Week 1 - design a poster (I will use an A3-sized paper to create a seven-solution poster) Week 2 - socialize 6 selected students to follow a poster and revise a poster by me to publish - poste a seven solution poster by 4 selected group members on the announcement boards at the hostel Week 3 - start the programme (All participants will acquire a 7-point rubric to check their own progress) Week 4 - assess the progress of participants (All my group members will use a 10-point check list to record their progress in every three days) LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

42 Projected Problems Projected Solutions Ignorance - Some AiU students might ignore some simple things such as sleeping habits, because they are busy with something else (CBCNEWS, 2013, para.2).CBCNEWS, 2013, para.2 Recidivism - AiU students might fall back to the prior habits that refute the programme goals (Harper, 2010, para.1).Harper, 2010, para.1 Seek help from the school – AiU students will do something if they are forced to do (Katemats, 2013, para.1).Katemats, 2013, para.1 The SCREEN model – AiU students can work together with their roommates and friends or it can be meant one pushes another (Ministry, 2008, para.6).Ministry, 2008, para.6 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW

43 LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE LAST SLIDE FIRST SLIDE PREVIOUS SLIDE END SHOW Letter of Transmittal 00%00%


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