www.cardiff.ac.uk/research classification of views Mechanistic Disturbance (balance) Equilibrium Path-dependent Slow and steady (Direct tips) Within the same variable Evolutionary Adaptation (change) Adaptive resilience Path- breaking/altering Minor but continuous (Contextual tips) Among different variables
www.cardiff.ac.uk/research methodological tools Periodization Space and time Conjunctures Moments – Structural – Emblematic – Turning Transformation and reproduction Collapse Place, time, environment Systems interaction Gradual shift Risks and uncertainties Relationships between past and future
www.cardiff.ac.uk/research social innovation Self-conscious collective action to address unsatisfied needs and support alternatives In place-based terms (Moulaert et al 2005): – satisfaction of needs – social relations – empowerment A factor of change socio-ecological transition
www.cardiff.ac.uk/research adaptive governance A response to urban growth social impacts ecological stress Interface: public policy, civil society, biophysical Social learning and adaptive management Adaptive cycles: exploitation, conservation, creative destruction, and renewal socio-ecological complexity: variety, adapt, transform
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