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1 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning European Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "1 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning European Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning European Commission - EuropeAid Co-operation Office Euro-Mediterranean Regional Programme For Local Water Management Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning (MEDROPLAN) Testing and Revising the Guidelines October 2006

2 2 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Contents 1. The MEDROPLAN drought mitigation Guidelines 2. How are the Guidelines tested and revised? 3. Conclusions from the testing and revision

3 3 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Authors and collaborators Editor Iglesias Authors Ameziane, Benbeniste, Bonaccorso, Cancelliere, Casado, Christofides, Cubillo, Fernández, Flores, Gabiña, Garrido, Garrote, Iglesias, Keravnou-Papailiou, Laban, Lapeña, Lebdi, Louati, Mellouli, Moneo, Ouassou, Pangalou, Quiroga, Rossi, Saracoglu, Soriano, Tigkas, Tsakiris, Tsiourtis, Vangelis, Viñuales Collaborators Abid, Alba, Alouini, Anastasis, Barghout, Belghiti, Ben Slama, Bergaoui, Bouchahoua, Cristaudo, El-Euchi, Ezzine, Fadhila, Ibáñez, Jelassi, Jradi, Lazhar, Liebana, Lopez-Francos, Mathlouthi, Mediouni, Moriarty, Nicolosi, Ouattar, Oulkacha, Quiroga, Rejeb, Sarsour, Tayaa, Wilhite, Zehri, Ziyad More ……

4 4 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning The Guidelines help formulate drought management plans based on risk management approach and not a reactive crisis approach

5 5 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Design of the Guidelines Complements the continuous effort (country, region, basin level) of different sectors Support for the management policies Based on legislation, organization, vulnerability, administrational dynamics and actual technologies Protocol and analytical context for systematic formulation of drought management plans based on risk management and preparedness Flexible product that allows the incorporation of different analysis criteria, management priorities and application in other regions

6 6 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Who is the end-user of the Guidelines? Wide range of stakeholders Avoiding the use of scientific or technical language that can be hard to understand for a non-specialist

7 7 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Set up a multidisciplinary stakeholder team to define purpose and process (Organizational component) Set up a multidisciplinary stakeholder team to define purpose and process (Organizational component) Evaluate the legal, social, and political process (Organizational component) Evaluate the legal, social, and political process (Organizational component) Identify risk and potential vulnerabilities (Methodological Component) Identify risk and potential vulnerabilities (Methodological Component) Identify and select priority activities, based on the agreed criteria (Operational Component) Identify and select priority activities, based on the agreed criteria (Operational Component) Public review, revision and dissemination (Testing the Guidelines) Public review, revision and dissemination (Testing the Guidelines) How were the Guidelines developed?

8 8 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Components of the Guidelines Organizational component Organizational component Methodological Component Methodological Component Operational component Operational component EXAMPLES of application EXAMPLES of application Executive Summary Executive Summary Arabic, English, French, Greek, Italian, Spanish English, French, and the language of the correspondent country English and French Tutorial Tutorial The planning framework The planning framework

9 9 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning INSTITUTIONS Ministry of the Environment River Basin Authority Actions related to water policy INSTITUTIONS Ministry of the Environment River Basin Authority Actions related to water policy INSTITUTIONS Finance Ministry Approval of budget INSTITUTIONS Finance Ministry Approval of budget TRIGGERS Social unrest Sings of tension Regional Governments warning Farmers complaints TRIGGERS Social unrest Sings of tension Regional Governments warning Farmers complaints APPROVED ACTIONS 1. Tax policy: Reduction/elimination of land taxes Reduction of Social Security contributions 2. Agricultural Policy: Advancement of CAP Payments 3. Agricultural Insurance: Advancement of indemnity payments 4. Water Policy: Funding for drilling wells for animal drinking APPROVED ACTIONS 1. Tax policy: Reduction/elimination of land taxes Reduction of Social Security contributions 2. Agricultural Policy: Advancement of CAP Payments 3. Agricultural Insurance: Advancement of indemnity payments 4. Water Policy: Funding for drilling wells for animal drinking INSTITUTIONS Ministry of Agriculture (MAPA) Funding (Tax abatement; Subsidies) INSTITUTIONS Ministry of Agriculture (MAPA) Funding (Tax abatement; Subsidies) Permanent Office for Drought All members are from the MAPA (High-level officials representing Planning, Sectoral Offices, Director of the Insurance Agency) Permanent Office for Drought All members are from the MAPA (High-level officials representing Planning, Sectoral Offices, Director of the Insurance Agency) DECCISIONS PROCESS President call’s for Committee: Analysis of situation Exclusive attention to risks non covered by the pro-active plans (i.e., non-insured) DECCISIONS PROCESS President call’s for Committee: Analysis of situation Exclusive attention to risks non covered by the pro-active plans (i.e., non-insured) PROPOSED ACTIONS 1. Related to the finance of the farming sector 2. Related to water PROPOSED ACTIONS 1. Related to the finance of the farming sector 2. Related to water Institutional analysis

10 10 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning INDICATORS Permanent Monitoring: Hydrological, Socio-economic (macroeconomic and demography), Environmental MANAGER (s) (i.e., RBAs) ALERT Monitoring shows that drought will have impacts Objective: Overcome situation, guarantee water supply while emergency measures can be put in place ALERT Monitoring shows that drought will have impacts Objective: Overcome situation, guarantee water supply while emergency measures can be put in place EMERGENCY Monitoring shows that impacts have occurred and supply is not guaranteed if drought persists Objective: Minimise damage, the priority is drinking water EMERGENCY Monitoring shows that impacts have occurred and supply is not guaranteed if drought persists Objective: Minimise damage, the priority is drinking water PRE-ALERT Monitoring shows the initial stage of danger Objective: Ensure acceptance of measures to be taken in case …. by raising awareness of danger PRE-ALERT Monitoring shows the initial stage of danger Objective: Ensure acceptance of measures to be taken in case …. by raising awareness of danger INSTRUMENT (s) (i.e., Basin Hydrological Plan) Operational component

11 11 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning INDICATORS Permanent Monitoring: Hydrological, Socio-economic (macroeconomic and demography), Environmental MANAGER (s) (i.e., RBAs) ALERT Low cost, direct, coercive, direct impact on consumption costs Non structural directed to specific water use groups Water restrictions except for drinking water Changes in management Revision of tariffs Rights Exchanging Centres ALERT Low cost, direct, coercive, direct impact on consumption costs Non structural directed to specific water use groups Water restrictions except for drinking water Changes in management Revision of tariffs Rights Exchanging Centres EMERGENCY High cost, direct, restrictive, approved as general interest actions Structural, new infrastructure, intra- basin, inter-basin, transboundary transfers Non structural, new groundwater abstraction Water restrictions for all users EMERGENCY High cost, direct, restrictive, approved as general interest actions Structural, new infrastructure, intra- basin, inter-basin, transboundary transfers Non structural, new groundwater abstraction Water restrictions for all users PRE-ALERT Low cost, indirect, voluntary Non structural directed to influence water demand, avoid worse situations Focus on communication and awareness Intensification of monitoring and evaluation of worse case scenarios PRE-ALERT Low cost, indirect, voluntary Non structural directed to influence water demand, avoid worse situations Focus on communication and awareness Intensification of monitoring and evaluation of worse case scenarios INSTRUMENT (s) (i.e., Basin Hydrological Plan) MEASURES Operational component

12 12 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Examples of the application in Mediterranean countries Testing and revising the Guidelines

13 13 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Visit MEDROPLAN on the web at

14 14 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Why is it necessary to establish a dialogue among all stakeholders from the beginning? To enhance the quality and acceptance of drought management plans To enhance acceptance and trust in incorporation of scientific and technical knowledge in management

15 15 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning How are the guidelines tested and revised Last phase of the MEDROPLAN project Why is it necessary to test the guidelines? –Singularity of drought events, different approaches –Different institutional and organizational structures, applicability of the guidelines –Collection of knowledge and previous experiences –Dynamic document that needs revision and update

16 16 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Methodology for testing and revising General structure of the testing and revision process –Selection of the River Basins for the testing and revising TAJO and EBRO –Identification of stakeholders in the selected River Basin. –Contact with the selected stakeholders and distribution of the guidelines –Discussion about the contents and applicability of the guidelines through personal interviews and questionnaire. –Analysis of results and conclusions

17 17 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Identification of stakeholders for interviews Participating institutions and organizations –Ebro River Basin Authority –Zaragoza City Council –Irrigators Communities Alto Aragón and Canal de Aragón y Cataluña –Farmers’ organizations: COAG y UAGA –ENESA –Universidad Politécnica de Madrid –Universidad San Jorge de Zaragoza

18 18 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Agenda for interviews with stakeholders Presentation and discussion of the questionnaire Individual reading of the guidelines and the questionnaire First Interview: Integrated water resources management. Rafael Romeo, Ebro River Basin Authority Objective: Experience of an established drought management plan. Second Interview: Economic instruments applied to drought management. Fernando Burgaz, ENESA; José María Sumpsi, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Objective: Analysis of the existing and potential proactive measures and their adoption in management policies Discussion about the results of the two interviews. Debate leaded by the participants in the third and fourth interviews

19 19 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Third interview : Users’ groups. Javier Celma, Zaragoza City Council; Carlos Oliva, Irrigators Community Alto Aragón; Julio Terrazas, Irrigators Community del Canal de Aragón y Cataluña Objective: Compare the point of view of two users’ groups with different priorities and vulnerability in order to determine the real existing of conflict among them. Forth interview: Groups affecting public opinion. Felipe Medina, COAG; Jose María Percebal, UAGA-COAG Aragón; José Juan Verón. President of the assotiation of press in Aragón and Universidad San Jorge Objective: Evaluate the reality of quantitative analysis of impacts that support the perception affecting general public opinion Discussion about the results of the two interviews. Debate leaded by the participants in the first and second interviews General discussion and presentation of preliminary conclusions Agenda for interviews with stakeholders

20 20 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Analysis of results and conclusions Each MEDROPLAN team will produce a report about this testing phase. –Reports will be distributed to the stakeholders present in this meeting for final remarks and conclusions –Individual meetings to verify final conclusions derived from this phase

21 21 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Presentation of questionnaire 6 Sections with different analysis objectives –Specific questions for decision makers (Ebro River Basin Authority, Zaragoza City Council) –Specific questions for experts (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad San Jorge, ENESA) –Specific questions for stakeholders (Irrigators Communities Alto Aragón and Canal de Aragón y Cataluña, Farmers’ organizations: COAG and UAGA

22 22 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning SECTION I: Decision making process in your institution, organization Characterization of activity and functional scope of the institution Management capacity in relation to drought management (mainly for decision makers)

23 23 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning SECTION II: Your role in the drought management decision making process Characterization of the individual role of stakeholders in drought management Moment and methodology of participation in the planning process

24 24 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning SECTION III: Impacts and drought management actions Identification of drought’s impacts on your activity Analysis of measures applied to manage drought and application scope

25 25 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning SECTION IV: Dialogue and integrated decision making with managers, stakeholders and experts Interactions among the different stakeholders (cooperation and conflicts) Frequency of interactions, mechanisms and timing of interactions in the planning process

26 26 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning SECTION V: Guidelines evaluation General evaluation aspects of the MEDROPLAN Drought management guidelines Role of the guidelines in drought management Relation among the designed guidelines and real experiences of participants

27 27 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning SECTION VI: Guidelines revision Specific evaluation aspects of the MEDROPLAN Drought management guidelines Evaluation of guidelines usefulness Particular evaluation of each of the guidelines components (The Planning framework, Organizational Component, Methodological Component, Operational Component)

28 28 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Main conclusions from testing

29 29 MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Thank you for your attention! Visit MEDROPLAN on the web


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