Presentation on theme: "Dynamics of Agri - Financing Lecture By M. Farooq Abid Tung."— Presentation transcript:
Dynamics of Agri - Financing Lecture By M. Farooq Abid Tung
Agriculture & Economy Strengths Back bone and main stay of economy. Major contributor to GDP(21%). Provides 80% raw material to local industry. Major contributor of food, fiber & shelter. Major source of foreign exchange earning through exports (65 to70%Exports). Wide scope, Milk Production 5th in the world. Livestock share is 45% of agricultural share in G.D.P. Ample human resource deployment sector. Provides employment to more than 52% of our work source. Contribution to Banks deposit is 25%. Stationed, Permanently located, secured loaning sector. Instant borrower history. Small size credit. Low default history. Shortest gestation period. Short term investment. Easy to recover, low resistance area, friendly environment. Pollution free contended nature. Low cost living standard.
WEAKNESSES OF AGRI SECTOR Lack of institutional credit due to Limited network of financial institution and reluctance of bankers. Low or lack of interaction with agriculturists. Poor information about each other. Lack of extension services. Non-availability of collateral, particularly by landless farmers. Extra ordinary profit taking. High rate of interest by informal sector. Middleman influence, Formal financing in agri sector is expensive. Lack of education and initiative in farmer, traditional approach. Unskilled labour. Lack of water, crop, soil &fertilizer management. Unorganized & non-documented sector. Needs / Requirements and production values not registered. Remote area, lack of farm to market approach & transportation facilities. Non-availability of communication services. Lack of farm & market infra structures of marketing information. High population growth rate, unawareness of family planning. Poor management & dependence in family elders. Lack of insurance coverage. Crop, asset & life. Hidden strength.
OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRI SECTOR Government of Pakistan & SBP priority sector. Farmer needs are much higher than supply of credit. Big gap is available. Rs.500 billion required - Rs.200 to Rs.220 billion presently disbursed. Easy to lend at higher rate of mark up. Dire need & low resistance. Ample opportunity of deployment of excess liquidity available in the Banking Sector. Commercially viable sector, great credit potential and absorption capacity in the sector. Vast range of area of operation. More needs, scope of development, credit starved sector. Diversified and multipurpose financing. Massive migration of labour to cities can be checked / stopped. Corporate financing will become a niche in lending market. NGO’s outsourcing Agencies, companies are available in the market.
PRESENT & FUTURE THREATS TO AGRI SECTOR Implementation of WTO. Open, competitive, commodity pricing. Phytosenitation. Bankers, community reluctance. Fear of default. Natural calamities. High risk. Water shortage. High rate of mark up, extra ordinary profit taking by non-institutional creditors. Defective and unorganized markets. Imbalance between prices of inputs & outputs. Rising trend of cost of production. Higher rate of interest as compared to profit ratio. Lack of media projection, non-recognition of problems. Monopoly of multinationals. Non-friendly attitude, LIP-SERVICE by agencies/functionaries, increasing taxations public & private enterprises. GST 15% on inputs. Non-availability of developed NGOs’ & community organizations. Lack of research. Out dated farm practices. Lack of coordination towards common causes & goals. Sheepism, lack of awareness about economics, demand & supply in market. Poor class, low saving, low holding capacity. Increasing level of poverty. Loosing soil fertility, intensive use. Show & Pump culture. Non implementations of land reforms. Continuous divisions. Non-availability of subsidy, tax holidays as compared to neighbors. Slow & non-implementation of court orders.
Traditional Financing Inputs Tractors Tube wells Implements
Diversified Financing Inputs Floriculture Horticulture Crops Agri- Farm Sector Water Management Livestock, Goat & Sheep. Poultry, Fisheries. Dairy Development Financing Value Addition Chain Farm to Market Development Agri - OFF Farm Sector Community Based Lending Farm Transport
Financing Schemes Askari Kissan Evergreen Finance Purchase of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, Orchards and Nursery, Manual Sprays, Sericulture, Apiculture and Non Farm working capital etc. Askari Kissan Tractor Finance Purchase of New Tractors Askari Kissan Aabpashi Finance Installation of tube wells, water management equipment, modules & culverts, lining of water channels, solar energy plants & pumps, sprinkle and drip irrigation system. Askari Kissan Green House & Tunnel Finance Construction of Green Houses & Tunnels for growing seasons vegetables / fruits in controlled environment.
Askari Kissan Livestock Development Finance Purchase of cattle / milch animals, goat / sheep etc. Askari Kissan Model Dairy Finance Purchase of Farm Cooling tanks, fodder harvesters, hay bailers, animal cooling system, any other machinery / equipment for dairy farming. Askari Kissan Gold Fish Finance Renting / leasing of ponds & tanks, purchase of inputs i.e. oilcakes/ rice barn, purchase of medicines, nets, boxes, packing material and any other overhead expenses. Askari Kissan Farm Mechanization Finance Purchase of agri implements, power tillers, boom sprayers, cultivators, riggers, drills, press machines for wheat straws and dry fodder etc.
Askari Kissan White Pearl Finance Purchase of milking animals, feed grinders, mixing machines, vaccination, medicines including artificial insemination material & equipment, labor, electricity and fuel expenses etc. Askari Kissan Murghban Finance Purchase of chicks, feed and raising charges, construction of sheds i.e. conventional / controlled environment, machinery, equipment, packing material and other overhead expenses. Askari Kissan Transport Finance Purchase of new motorcycles, small pickups, trucks, auto-trailers, vans and chillers carriers etc.
Askari Kissan Farm Storage Finance On Farm and Off Farm construction / repair and renovation (including purchase of machinery, cost of fixture) Pucca Godown, Storage facility, Bins, Silos etc. Askari Kissan Samar Bahisht Finance Cultivation / growing of fruits / Nurseries, purchase of seeds, fertilizers, farm machinery / equipment, packing material, transportation cost, overhead expenses etc. Askari Kissan Gulban Finance Cultivation / growing of flowers for decorative / export purposes, purchase of seeds, fertilizers, labor, packing material, transportation and over head expenses etc. Asan Mali Shaulat Cane Procurement Receipt / Deferred Payment Voucher discounting / purchase / payment facility
Islamic Modes which can be applied for Agri Financing without much debate. 1.Murabahah - It is a sale in which seller discloses the cost of goods and the profit. 2.Salam - It is a sale whereby the seller to supply some specific goods to the buyer at a future date at agreed price fully paid in advance. 3.Ijarah - Is a contract whereby the owner of an asset, other than consumables, transfers its usufruct to another person at an agreed period for agreed consideration. 4.Istisna’a - It is a sale at agreed price whereby the buyer places an order to manufacture, assemble or construct the agreed assets to be delivered in future. 5.Diminishing - It refers to a partnership where profits are shared as Musharaka per agreed ratio and losses are shared in proportion of capital or investment
Other Islamic Modes being considered for implementation Musawamah - It is a general and regular kind of sale in which price of the commodity to be traded is bargained between seller and buyer without any reference to the cost incurred by the seller. Musaqaat - Majority of the fuqah agree that Musaqah is an agreement between two individuals wherein one provides the orchards or trees owned and the other the labour and enterprise for irrigation services and up keep and share the profit as per agreement.
Other Islamic Modes being considered for implementation Muzaraat - Musharakah has several derivatives. Muzara’a for instance, is a special kind Musharakah. It is defined as a partnership in farming whereby one or more individuals enter into a contract to invest in an agricultural enterprise or operation. Output or produce is shared between the partners in accordance with the agreement stipulated in the contract.
Murabahah Purchase of inputs for crop production i.e. a)Seeds b)Fertilizer c)Insecticides d)Herbicides e)Weedicides f)Manual Sprayers g)Sericulture h)Apiculture
Salam 1.Labor Charges, electricity charges and maintenance of farm machinery / implements. 2.Lining of water courses, Cost of land leveling. 3.Different working capital requirements and running expenses.
Ijarah Farm Mechanization Financing i.e. Purchase of agri implements, equipment i.e. Trailers & Threshers Power tiller Power & Boom sprayer Plough Cultivators Rigers / drills Rotavators Driggers Cotton Picker Saw machines for crate making Press machines for wheat straw and dry fodder Chiesel ploughs Potato planter Sugarcane planter Rice trance planter Self propelled reaper for harvesting wheat and rice crops
Transport Financing including Purchase of tractors Refrigeration vans Farm cooling tanks Motorcycles for milking Small pickups Mini trucks and chiller carriers Aabpashi Financing: Installation of Tube wells / Turbine, Sprinkle / drip system for water management, solar energy plants, pumps for irrigation system. Dairy Farming (Milk processing plants, other machineries etc.) Ijarah
Diminishing Musharkah Transport Financing including a) Purchase of tractors b) Refrigeration vans c) Farm cooling tanks d) Motorcycles for milkman e) Small pickups f) Mini trucks and chiller carriers Livestock Financing Includes: a) Purchase of cattle, buffaloes, sheep etc. b) Construction of sheds, storeroom etc. Land / forest development and enhancement. Dairy Farming (Milk processing Plants, other machineries etc)
Construction of godowns and cold storage Development of Dairy & Livestock farms Construction and improvement of livestock laboratories Setting up seeds processing and milk chilling units Installation of fruit and vegetable machinery Diminishing Musharkah
Establishing of Green Houses Construction of godowns and cold storage Development of Dairy & Livestock farms Construction and improvement of livestock laboratories Setting up seeds processing and milk chilling units Installation of fruit and vegetable machinery Istisna’a / Diminishing Musharkah