Why Shade? One in seven children will develop skin cancer Children don’t often seek shade Children spend up to 25% of their time outdoors Unshaded surface temperatures can be 20°C hotter than adjacent shaded areas.
“Adequate solar protection during childhood is more important than at any other time in life.” Donald Wigle, Child Health and the Environment
Conduct a site analysis Develop a conceptual masterplan Develop a phase one site plan Devise a tree care plan Plant Celebrate and measure success
Conduct a Site Analysis Survey user needs Survey your school ground Chart your findings
Survey User Needs Students Teachers Parents Caretaker Principal
Questionnaire for Shade Students What time of the day do you play in the school ground? What do you do on the school ground? Where do you like to play or be? Is there shade where you play? What would you like to see done on your school ground to increase shade and make it more comfortable?
Survey Your School Ground Step 1: Physical and Environmental Features Map physical features (existing and planned) Map environmental features Check for irrigation and utility lines, overhead wires and sight lines
Chart Your Findings AreaSufficient Shade Increase Shade Time of Day Shade Needed Comments 1. Active play areas X 12:00Asphalt play area to be shaded 2. Play structures X 12:00 – 2:30Plant trees on west side of structure 3. Meet and greet areas X 9:00 and 3:30Plant trees at bus pick-up zone 4. Spectator areas X 12:00 – 4:30Plant trees with benches for seating 5. Sand play areas X
Develop a Conceptual Masterplan Use or build on existing shade Identify and label priority areas for shade Indicate phases for your project Make sure shade is where you want it when you want it!
Measure Your Success Take pictures Learn and have fun Evaluate your progress Grow your project over time
Holding down soil Shading the earth and cooling its surface Absorbing rainwater and gradually re-releasing moisture Softening the sweep of winds The importance of maintaining our green canopy cannot be overemphasized. Henry Kock in A Breath of Fresh Air: Celebrating Nature and School Gardens
Anne Bell (47) Joshua Berson (28, 49) Cam Collyer (12, 29) Bruce Day and Heidi Campbell (9, 13, 15, 20, 21, 24, 43, 45, 51) Denny Manchee (3, 6) Safoura Moazami (17) Samara Newman: Maps and Illustrations (19, 22, 23, 25, 32, 34, 36, 39, 41, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49) Michael Reichmann (18) Karen Rosborough (14) Robert Vautour (10) Evergreen staff (5, 8, 16, 26) Photo Credits