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Shade for Kids. This project was generously funded by CIBC.

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Presentation on theme: "Shade for Kids. This project was generously funded by CIBC."— Presentation transcript:

1 Shade for Kids

2 This project was generously funded by CIBC.

3 Agenda Why shade? The benefits of shade Types of shade How to design for shade on the school ground

4 Shade for Kids

5 Why Shade? One in seven children will develop skin cancer Children don’t often seek shade Children spend up to 25% of their time outdoors Unshaded surface temperatures can be 20°C hotter than adjacent shaded areas.

6 “Adequate solar protection during childhood is more important than at any other time in life.” Donald Wigle, Child Health and the Environment

7 Benefits of Shade

8 Cooler air temperatures in summer Energy conservation Buffering of cold winter winds

9 Trees also: Create a connection to the living world Provide habitat and shelter for birds and wildlife Filter dust and air pollution Absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen

10 Types of Shade Natural Built

11 Natural Shade

12 Living Fences



15 Built Shade

16 Permanent Structures Sun Shelters Pergolas/ Arbours Gazebos


18 Temporary Structures Tents Awnings Umbrellas Shade sails

19 Selecting Trees








27 Designing for Shade

28 Conduct a site analysis Develop a conceptual masterplan Develop a phase one site plan Devise a tree care plan Plant Celebrate and measure success

29 Conduct a Site Analysis Survey user needs Survey your school ground Chart your findings

30 Survey User Needs Students Teachers Parents Caretaker Principal

31 Questionnaire for Shade Students What time of the day do you play in the school ground? What do you do on the school ground? Where do you like to play or be? Is there shade where you play? What would you like to see done on your school ground to increase shade and make it more comfortable?

32 Survey Your School Ground Step 1: Physical and Environmental Features Map physical features (existing and planned) Map environmental features Check for irrigation and utility lines, overhead wires and sight lines


34 Step 2: Map Play and Use Patterns Active play areas Asphalt game areas Passive/quiet play areas Circulation routes Out-of-bounds areas Survey Your School Ground


36 Step 3: Map Existing Shade Patterns Observe and map shade patterns at noon Other times may include –Before and after school –During recess –During outside class periods Survey Your School Ground


38 Chart Your Findings AreaSufficient Shade Increase Shade Time of Day Shade Needed Comments 1. Active play areas X 12:00Asphalt play area to be shaded 2. Play structures X 12:00 – 2:30Plant trees on west side of structure 3. Meet and greet areas X 9:00 and 3:30Plant trees at bus pick-up zone 4. Spectator areas X 12:00 – 4:30Plant trees with benches for seating 5. Sand play areas X

39 Develop a Conceptual Masterplan Use or build on existing shade Identify and label priority areas for shade Indicate phases for your project Make sure shade is where you want it when you want it!


41 Complete a Phase One Site Plan A site plan includes: A planting plan A species list A materials list The location of your project in relation to the school


43 Create a Tree Care Plan Watering Weeding Trimming and Pruning Mulching Protection Leave your leaves!

44 Mulch 10-15 cm deep 1 m radius Top up every year

45 Protect Your Trees Wire mesh caging Plastic snow fencing Woven tree basket Circle of stones

46 Wire-mesh caging

47 Plastic snow fencing

48 Woven tree basket

49 Circle of Stones


51 Measure Your Success Take pictures Learn and have fun Evaluate your progress Grow your project over time

52 Holding down soil Shading the earth and cooling its surface Absorbing rainwater and gradually re-releasing moisture Softening the sweep of winds The importance of maintaining our green canopy cannot be overemphasized. Henry Kock in A Breath of Fresh Air: Celebrating Nature and School Gardens

53 Anne Bell (47) Joshua Berson (28, 49) Cam Collyer (12, 29) Bruce Day and Heidi Campbell (9, 13, 15, 20, 21, 24, 43, 45, 51) Denny Manchee (3, 6) Safoura Moazami (17) Samara Newman: Maps and Illustrations (19, 22, 23, 25, 32, 34, 36, 39, 41, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49) Michael Reichmann (18) Karen Rosborough (14) Robert Vautour (10) Evergreen staff (5, 8, 16, 26) Photo Credits


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