Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION TO RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE"— Presentation transcript:
1 INTRODUCTION TO RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE MODULE 12ELEVATIONSINTRODUCTION TO RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURETechnologyIntensiveConcurrentEnrollment
2 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.1 Introduction Elevations are the part of a set of drawings that shows the exterior of a building. Typically all four sides of a building are shown on the elevation plans. Each elevation view is an orthographic projection from the floor plan. Elevations are used to show vertical relationships including finish grade, floor lines, ceiling lines, foundation and footing depths, roof pitch, roof heights and chimney heights. Exterior finish materials are also shown on the elevation plan; they include roof coverings, wall coverings, doors and windows.
3 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.2 Outcome Upon completion of this module you will be able to develop exterior elevations from a floor plan that shows the final appearance of a building including materials, height dimensions, and labeling, by completing the review questions, worksheets/ quizzes, application assignments and comprehensive module assessment.
4 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.3 Objectives and Key Concepts 12.3 Objectives and Key ConceptsDemonstrate proper use of elevation terminology by completing matching quiz with a proficiency of 80%.Correctly identify roof types, surface materials, and all elements of an elevation plan with a proficiency of 80%Demonstrate understanding of materials, dimensions, methods, procedures with CAD or BIM software by producing four elevations for the course project house.
5 MODULE 12 Elevations Key Concepts Key ConceptsWhat are the purposes of elevation plans?Why are elevation plans important?What is needed on an elevation plan?How many elevations are typically needed? Name them…What different types of lines are used on elevations?Roof coverings-What are your favorites?Wall coverings-What are your favorites?What type of windows do you like?Gable vs Hip which do you like?Who looks at the elevation plans?
6 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.4 Terms to Know 12.4 Terms to KnowAs you work through this module make sure you learn the definition and use of each of the words listed below.Graphic ExampleTermDefinitionElevationDrawing that is created from the floorplan as an orthographic projection showing the exterior features of a building.Finish Grade LineThe surface of the ground around the house. Used as the reference on Elevation drawingsBay WindowAny Window space extending outward from the walls of a building. They can be either square or polygonal on the floor plan.DormerAllows for natural light and increases the amount of usable space above the main floor.ChimneyAn upright structure containing a flue that passes smoke and gasses from fireplaces, wood burning stoves etc. to the outside of the house .RidgeThe top edge of the roof where two slopes meet.Fascia BoardA horizontal board nailed to the end or rafters or trusses to hide their ends.
7 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.4 Terms to Know 12.4 Terms to KnowAs you work through this module make sure you learn the definition and use of each of the words listed below.Graphic ExampleTerm (Figure 3.3)DefinitionValleyThe internal angle formed by the junction of two sloping sides of a roof.Sky LightA window located on the roof.PitchThe slope of a roof usually expressed as a ratio.Hip Roof A roof with the ends inclined, as well as the sides(The fascia board stays horizontal)Gable RoofA type of roof with two sloping surfaces that intersect at the ridge of the structure.(Fascia board is angled)
8 Concrete or Ceramic Tile MODULE 12Elevations12.4 Terms to Know (Roof coverings)As you work through this module make sure you learn the definition and use of each of the words listed below.Graphic ExampleTerm (Figure 3.3)DefinitionAsphalt ShinglesThey are one of the most widely used roofing covers because they are relatively inexpensive and fairly simple to install.Made from asphalt –saturated felt with mineral granulesShake ShinglesWooden roof shingle made from spit logsConcrete or Ceramic TileRoof covering made from fired clay tilesMetalRoof covering made from metal pieces or tiles.Slate Roof covering made up of slate tiles. Slate is a rock that has been split into thin layersBuilt upTypically usually flat or slightly sloped roof that is covered with a special material applied in sealed, waterproof layers.
9 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.4 Terms to Know (Wall Coverings) 12.4 Terms to Know (Wall Coverings)As you work through this module make sure you learn the definition and use of each of the words listed below.Graphic ExampleTerm (Figure 3.3)DefinitionBrick VeneerNon load bearing cosmetic wall covering using bricks and mortar.StuccoA coating applied to the outside of a structure, most commonly refers to plaster made with Portland cement.Cultured (synthetic) Stone (Rock)Cast stone is defined as "a refined architectural concrete building unit manufactured to simulate natural cut stone, used in unit masonry applications". ...WainscotSurfacing on the lower part of a wall that is different from the rest of the wall.Siding: Vinyl, Wood, Aluminum The finish covering on the outside wall, can be made from many different materials and applied in different patterns and directionsLouver VentRoof VentAn opening in a gable or roof designed as to permit ventilation but exclude rain.
10 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.4 Terms to Know (Windows) As you work through this module make sure you learn the definition and use of each of the words listed below.Graphic ExampleTerm (Figure 3.3)Definition Fixed (Picture) Window that does not move or openSlidingA window that opens by sliding horizontallyDouble or single hungA window that opens by sliding verticallyCasementA window that is attached to its frame by one or more hingesCaAwning A window that is hinged at the bottom and opens inward from the top - the reverse of hopper windows.Hopper A windows that is hinged at the bottom and opens inward from the top - the reverse of awning windows.Center Pivot A windows that is hinged in the middle and opens d from the centerJalousieA window which consists of parallel glass, acrylic, or wooden louvers set in a frame. The louvers are locked together onto a track, so that they may be tilted open and shut in unison, to control airflow through the window.
11 What is an Elevation Drawing? What is the purpose of Elevation plans? MODULE 12Elevations12.5 Introduction to ElevationsWhat is an Elevation Drawing?What is the purpose of Elevation plans?What are the required elements of an Elevation?Who needs them?How do we draw them?
12 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.1 What is an elevation drawing What is an elevation drawingOrthographic projection of each side of the houseWhat does that meanRear ElevationFloor planLeft Side ElevationRight Side ElevationFront ElevationProjection lines
13 MODULE 12ElevationsWhat is the purpose of an elevation drawingShow the finished exterior of the buildingShow Height dimensions
14 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.3 What are the required elements needed What are the required elements neededShow all four sides- Show other views as necessaryIdentify specific sidesPrinted at a scale of ¼”=1’-0”
15 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.3 Required Elements Required ElementsHorizontal Lines on an ElevationRidge lineRoof Slope symbolCeiling Line (Center Line)Top of Windowsand doorsFloor line (Center line)Garage foundation and footingTop of foundationFinish Grade lineReference point for most elevationsBasement floorBottom of foundationBottom of footingAll lines below grade use a hidden line
16 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.3 Required Elements Relay information Required ElementsRelay informationPrecast decorative header over doors and windowsAsphalt ShinglesTombstone louverBrick Veneer(Interpace-Old english)Cultured StoneAny line below grade use a hidden line
17 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.3 Required Elements Required ElementsShow vertical height dimensionsVertical height dimensionsTop of foundation minimum 8” above grade lineFrost Depth minimum 3’ below grade line
18 or MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.3 Required Elements Chimneys Required ElementsChimneys2’ above ridge lineor10’ away from any slope
19 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.4 Who needs Elevation plans Contractor Who needs Elevation plansContractorInspector/Plan checkBuyer/OwnerOthers???Sub-ContractorsTruss manufacturerEngineer
20 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.4 Who needs Elevation plans Quality control Who needs Elevation plansQuality controlLook at first elevationNow look at second elevation what is missing?Click on the elevation for a short explanation
21 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.4 Who needs Elevation plans Who needs Elevation plansChanging ElevationsClick for narrationWhat changes were madeEnd gables on left to hip on rightFront gables on leftBrick archPartial wainscot with stucco on left full brick front on rightPlans have been mirrored
22 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.5 Elevation Terminology Elevation TerminologyWhat is a Gable roof?A type of roof with two sloping surfaces that intersect at the ridge of the structure.(Fascia board is angled)
23 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.5 Elevation Terminology What is a hip roof? Elevation Terminology What is a hip roof?A roof with the ends inclined, as well as the sides(The fascia board stays horizontal)
24 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.5 Elevation Terminology What are dormers? Elevation TerminologyWhat are dormers?Allows natural light and increases the amount of usable space above the main floor.May be decorative only
25 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.5 Elevation Terminology What are skylights? Elevation TerminologyWhat are skylights?Window in the roof that allows additional natural light into the house.
26 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.6 Surface Materials (Masonry) Brick Veneer Surface Materials (Masonry)Brick VeneerStoneClick on the arched window
30 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.6 Windows WindowsCan you find each of the windows on the left in the different pictures
31 MODULE 12 Elevations 12.5.7 Interactive activity Exterior Exploration Interactive activityExterior ExplorationUsing one of the websites below create an exterior design of your choice.Exterior Portfolio websiteJames Hardie Exterior Design website
32 An Elevation is an orthographic projection from the floor plan MODULE 12Elevations12.7 SummaryAn Elevation is an orthographic projection from the floor planAn Elevation shows what the outside of the house looks likeAn Elevation shows vertical height dimensions usually on the front view4 Elevations are usually shown on a set of plansFront, Rear, Right Side, Left SideElevations are typically printed at ¼”= 1’-0”Used to relay information- Heights, Roof and Wall coverings,Lines below finish grade are drawn using hidden linesFloor and Ceiling lines drawn using center linesFinish grade is used as a reference on an elevation