Presentation on theme: "Sustainability in Construction: A LEED Primer"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sustainability in Construction: A LEED Primer Do NOT print hidden slidesPresented by Brandon Jones
2 About Southface Non-profit 501-C3 founded in 1978 Southface retreats have been held at:Gwinnett Environmental Heritage Center – LEED GoldSweetwater Creek Visitors Center – LEED PlatinumMission: Southface promotes sustainable homes, workplaces and communitiesthrough education, research, advocacy and technical assistance
3 Key ObjectivesWho is the USGBC What is LEED Role of the Aggregate Industry in LEED
4 U N I T E D S T A T E S G R E E N B U I L D I N G C O U N C I L U S G Check for updates
5 U N I T E D S T A T E S G R E E N B U I L D I N G C O U N C I L Coalition of leaders from across the building industry:18,403 member companies and organizations78 chapters and affiliates across the U.S.Promotes buildings that are:Environmentally responsibleProfitableHealthy places to live and workCheck for updates
7 Green Building Rating System LEED or Leeds...LEEDLeedsGreen Building Rating SystemTown in Alabama7
8 Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design SiteWaterEnergyMaterialsIEQL E E DLeadership in Energy and Environmental DesignLEED promotes a whole-building approach to sustainability by recognizing performance in five key areas of human and environmental health: sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality.LEED is a third-party certification program and the nationally accepted benchmark for the design, construction and operation of high performance green buildings.Check for updates
9 LEED Rating SystemsThese are the different LEED tools that exist at the moment or are in development. Mention that the LEED letter templates and LEED calculators are tools you can use to demonstrate compliance with the LEED rating system. As not every building can fit into the basic guidelines set by the LEED rating system, addendums are being developed to include those different sectors of the built environment. Here are the basics:LEED for new construction (or major renovation): for building owners and design teams that address the new building design and construction or major renovations process. Also referred to as LEED 2.0 or LEED 2.1LEED-EB: set of performance standards for the sustainable operation of existing buildings. The LEED-EB criteria cover building operations and systems upgrades in existing buildings where the majority of interior or exterior surfaces remain unchanged.LEED-CI: addresses the specifics of tenant spaces in office, retail, and institutional buildings.LEED-CS: Broadly defined, core and shell construction covers base building elements, such as the structure, envelope and building-level systems, such as central HVAC, etc. The CS product recognizes that the division between owner and tenant responsibility for certain elements of the building varies between markets. CS is used for buildings where the owner does not control interior design and fit-out.LEED-H:These are the different LEED programs that exist or are in development:LEED-NC: For building owners and design teams that address the new building design and construction or major renovations process.LEED-EB: Set of performance standards for the sustainable operation of existing buildings. The LEED-EB criteria cover building operations and systems upgrades in existing buildings where the majority of interior or exterior surfaces remain unchanged.LEED-CI: Addresses the specifics of tenant spaces in office, retail, and institutional buildings.LEED-CS: Broadly defined, core and shell construction covers base building elements, such as the structure, envelope and building-level systems, such as central HVAC, etc. The CS product recognizes that the division between owner and tenant responsibility for certain elements of the building varies between markets. CS is used for buildings where the owner does not control interior design and fit-out.LEED-H: LEED for Homes is a product for single family homes.
10 Atlanta Community Food Bank, LEED-NCNew Construction & Major RenovationsAtlanta Community Food Bank,LEED NC SilverLEED-NC Program:7 Prerequisites: Non-negotiable32 Core Credits: 64 optional pointsInnovation Credits: 5 optional bonus pointsLevels of Certification:Certified pointsSilver pointsGold pointsPlatinum pointsThe LEED for New Construction and Major Renovation Rating System works to improve the building process and create high performance, healthful, durable, affordable, and environmentally sound buildings. The program is applicable for commercial, institutional, and high-rise residential buildings. Major renovation is defined as major HVAC renovation, significant envelope modifications, and major interior rehabilitation. There are seven prerequisites and 26 points that must be fulfilled in order to be a part of the program and achieve LEED Certification. A project can achieve more optional points to get a higher Certification, and a higher performance building.
11 LEED-NC Point Distribution Credit FormatEach credit identifies:IntentRequirementsTechnologies & StrategiesSustainable Sites: 14 ptsWater Efficiency: 5 ptsEnergy & Atmosphere: 17 ptsMaterials & Resources: 13 ptsIEQ: ptsInnovation & Design: 5 ptsTOTAL: 69 PtsWithin LEED New Construction and Major Renovation, energy makes up the most points, though other aspects that create a sustainable building are very important. Understanding the major components of the Rating System and what they encompass is important for passing the test. Each credit has an intent, requirements, technologies and strategies, as well as the submittal documents necessary to achieve points.
12 Sustainable Sites Develop appropriate sites Use existing infrastructurePreserve natural areasReduce need for automobilesProtect endangered habitatsRestore polluted sites
13 Water EfficiencyIn the U.S., about 340 billion gallons of fresh water are withdrawn daily from rivers, streams, & reservoirsWater treatment is municipality’s single biggest energy bill (water savings = energy savings)Power plants consume 3 gallons of water per kWh produced (energy savings = water savings)Explore Innovation points with non-regulated (process) water or exemplary performanceSouthern States Energy Board 3 gallons / kWh
14 Energy & Atmosphere 17 possible points Buildings consume ~40% of U.S. energy (70% of electricity)Fossil fuels produce 3/4 of our energyCoal power plants emit more fine particulate material than any other U.S. activityNatural gas (CO2), nuclear energy (radiation), and hydroelectric power (habitat disturbance) all have negative impacts on ecological systemsEfficient buildings reduce pollution & cost and enhance comfort17 possible points
15 Materials & ResourcesConstruction/Demolition waste makes up 40% of U.S. wasteReuse/Recycling saves production & transportation energy & landfill roomSalvaged/Recycled content materials minimize the use of finite, declining resourcesRapidly Renewable resources minimize impact of natural resource consumption for manufacturingDo not print hidden slides!
16 Indoor Environmental Quality Americans spend 90% of their time indoorsInside pollutant levels may be 2 to 5 times higher than outdoor levels17 million Americans have asthma and 40 million suffer from allergiesBetter IEQ can improve worker productivity more than 15%15 possible points
17 LEED Rating System & Reference Guide LEED Rating System – free, but only minimal detailLEED Reference Guide – explains each credit in detailLEED Reference GuideVersion 2.2Available for purchaseComprehensive Guide to individual Credits/CriteriaLEED Rating SystemAvailable in a downloadable .pdf file from the USGBC websiteContains credit intent, requirements, submittals and technologies/strategiesincludes the Credit Checklist.The Reference Guide is the detailed “User’s Manual” that explains the LEED credits in sufficient detail, and is available for purchase on the U.S. Green Building Council’s website. The rating system is a condensed version of the guide that is a free downloadable .pdf file from the website which contains a credit checklist, followed by a brief summary for each credit criteria, including intent, requirements, and potential technologies and strategies.
21 Sustainable Sites Credit 7.1 Heat Island Effect, Non-RoofUse light color hardscapingmaterial such as concrete orgravel
22 Materials and Resources Credit 4.1 and 4.2 Recycled Content, 10% - 20%Use concrete made with substitute materials such as fly ashORUse asphalt made with recycledasphalt planings, recycled concreteroad base, recycled asphalt road base.
23 Materials and Resources Credit 5.1 and 5.2 Local / Regional MaterialsManufactured, Harvested & Extracted Locally10% - 20%Purchase products that weremanufactured, harvested andextracted from within500 miles of the project.