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Relation between CEN standards and performance based operations By JP Michaut Colas’ Group.

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Presentation on theme: "Relation between CEN standards and performance based operations By JP Michaut Colas’ Group."— Presentation transcript:

1 Relation between CEN standards and performance based operations By JP Michaut Colas’ Group

2 What are the raised issues by the implementation of the European standards for aggregate and asphalt concrete in tendering ?

3 Asphalt concrete Asphalt concrete WG1 /TC227 meeting in Berlin

4 What asphalt standards ? The figures  7 European product standards  1 Reclaimed asphalt standard  1 Type testing standard  1 Factory production control standard  43 test standards

5 European asphalt standards è Asphalt Concrete è Very Thin Asphalt Concrete è Soft Asphalt è Hot Rolled Asphalt è Stone Mastic Asphalt è Mastic Asphalt è Porous Asphalt

6 European asphalt standards è Reclaimed asphalt or so called RAP è Type testing è Factory production control è and one new European standard for Ultra Thin Asphalt Concrete (BBUM) ?

7 Asphalt concrete  From thin asphalt concrete to EME, from dense bitumen macadam to HDM and HMB and other AC (from 4 to 15 cm thick by layer)  One only standard for base, binder and wearing courses  2 approaches: empirical or fundamental For the other standards  One empirical standard per product

8 Empirical or fundamental ?  Empirical = recipe  Performances related specifications (rutting)  Fundamental = stiffness modulus, fatigue and triaxial  Performances based specifications  But may be we can speak just about performance and specification

9 What content ? What content ?  General requirements (grading, void content, water resistance, rutting, etc.) You can choose  Empirical (range for grading, binder content, Marshall only for airfield, void filled with binder, etc.) You can choose  Fundamental (modulus, resistance to permanent deformation by triaxial test, fatigue) You can choose  But do not forget that european standards does not take into account laying.

10 Fundamental approach One specification is the minimum binder content One specification is the minimum binder content  greater than 3 % One other is the limit of target composition One other is the limit of target composition  range for main sieves (1.4 D, D, 2 mm, mm)

11 With fundamental approach, you can propose design alternative by using the real mix performances such as stiffness and fatigue With fundamental approach, you can propose design alternative by using the real mix performances such as stiffness and fatigue But we must have performances for all mixes But we must have performances for all mixes

12 What changes due to type testing? Type testing or how to prove that asphalt concrete meets standard requirements

13 A single mix formulation is valid for 5 years except if changes in aggregate (category, particle density, etc.) or in bitumen Laboratory validation or Production validation or Production and laboratory validation List of tests per product to carry out to demonstrate standard conformity One test for one property

14 What changes due to the factory production control ?  Systematic production control  More or less control for certain mixing plants

15 Factory production control  Based on quality assurance (ISO 9001)  Based on detailled analysis of the mix  Depending of non conformities (figures outside tolerances), level of minimum frequency for analysis of finished product  Level fo frequency fixed by the standard (more or less numerous)  Guide for audit by notified body is in the standard

16 Before works, you have to prove that your mix meets the standard requirements: this is type testing Before works, you have to prove that your mix meets the standard requirements: this is type testing During works, you have to check asphalt manufacturing : this is factory production control (loose mix) During works, you have to check asphalt manufacturing : this is factory production control (loose mix) But for laying, you have to prescribe the controls or the performances you want : this is the contract. But for laying, you have to prescribe the controls or the performances you want : this is the contract.

17 To conclude for asphalt En asphalt standard will be published in April 2006 En asphalt standard will be published in April 2006 Withdrawal of all national asphalt standards in December 2007 Withdrawal of all national asphalt standards in December 2007 You have to write your national forewords and also may be a guide to describe your choice You have to write your national forewords and also may be a guide to describe your choice

18 And for aggregate Already applied since July 2003 Withdrawal of national standard Since June 2004 Just one only standard

19 Four parts 1. Aggregate characteristics and specifications 2. Initial type testing or How to prove that the aggregates meet the standard requirements 3. Factory production control 4. And a national foreword

20 Characteristics and specifications Sieve sizes (3 possibilities) Sieve sizes (3 possibilities) Basic set, basic set + set 1 or basic set + set 2 Grading Grading Choice of physical or manufacturing characteristics and choice of specifications or not Choice of physical or manufacturing characteristics and choice of specifications or not

21 Initial type testing For a new source For a new source Major change in the nature of the raw materials or in the processing conditions Major change in the nature of the raw materials or in the processing conditions But in fact, tests used are those for factory production control But in fact, tests used are those for factory production control

22 Factory production control Based on quality assurance Based on quality assurance Minimum test frequency are specified, examples: Minimum test frequency are specified, examples: è Grading: one per week and per size è Shape of coarse aggregate: one per month And one audit by notified body And one audit by notified body

23 What differences ? Grading : perforated sieves and not wire sieve (adaptation or interpretation issue ?) Grading : perforated sieves and not wire sieve (adaptation or interpretation issue ?) Example: 4/6.3 mm control (1.4 D) or 8.82 mm Example: 4/6.3 mm control (1.4 D) or 8.82 mm Close sieves in set 2 are 8 and 10 Close sieves in set 2 are 8 and 10 But ISO 565, R20 set: 9 mm ? But ISO 565, R20 set: 9 mm ? Then which one to choose ? Then which one to choose ?

24 But are they ? 1. Well known asphalt concrete formulation 2. Keep the same composition (x% of each constituant) 3. Grading curve with perforated sieve 4. New grading curve 5. But always the same formulation and composition Wide grading : no difference Narrow grading : light difference You have to do your own experience

25 But also some difficulties Measurement of aggregate particle density before and after: not the same results Measurement of aggregate particle density before and after: not the same results Some standards are already reviewed due to mistake, difficulty for performing test, etc (in progress) Some standards are already reviewed due to mistake, difficulty for performing test, etc (in progress) Conformity criterias are missing Conformity criterias are missing

26 Positive and negative effects !!! In Europe, we will speak the same language and we will use the same test methods (PE) In Europe, we will speak the same language and we will use the same test methods (PE) Each mix has to be checked every 5 years (PE) Each mix has to be checked every 5 years (PE) Each mix of each mixing plant has to have a type testing (PE) Each mix of each mixing plant has to have a type testing (PE) Factory control more efficient based on regular frequency production (PE) Factory control more efficient based on regular frequency production (PE)

27 Positive and negative effects and others !!! Difficulty to understand european standards and hence the need to have a national foreword (NE) Difficulty to understand european standards and hence the need to have a national foreword (NE) Need a fundamental approach for each product (porous asphalt, SMA, etc) Need a fundamental approach for each product (porous asphalt, SMA, etc) Need to describe the performances for laying (in terms of compacity or others) Need to describe the performances for laying (in terms of compacity or others)

28 To conclude En asphalt standard will be published in April 2006 En asphalt standard will be published in April 2006 Withdrawal of all national asphalt standards in December 2007 Withdrawal of all national asphalt standards in December 2007 Writing of national forewords in progress for certain countries Writing of national forewords in progress for certain countries And good luck for implementation in your contracts


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