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EU-US project R enewable R esources & C lean T echnology O Graz / Austria Dr.Anton Huber

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Presentation on theme: "EU-US project R enewable R esources & C lean T echnology O Graz / Austria Dr.Anton Huber"— Presentation transcript:

1 EU-US project R enewable R esources & C lean T echnology O Graz / Austria Dr.Anton Huber KFUG - Karl-Franzens University, Graz / Austria IfC – Institut of Chemistry Study Programmes: Chemistry, Biochemistry, Environmental Sciences

2 EU-US project R enewable R esources & C lean T echnology Student mobility will help to provide the necessary international training in the rapidly changing area of renewable resources, 'green' products and clean technology......

3 EU-US project R enewable R esources & C lean T echnology EU-partners Gent / Belgium Toulouse / France /oneworld/austria.htm Graz / Austria

4 K arl- F ranzens U niv G raz

5 A ustria - S tyria - G raz.../Graz.../Styria

6 U niversities in G raz Graz inhabitants: Karl-Franzens Universität Graz KF-University Graz - KFUG total # of students: Technische Universität Graz TUG - Graz University of Technology total # of students: Medizinische Universität Graz Medical University Graz - MUG total # of students: Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Graz KUG – Univ. of Music and Dramatic Arts Graz total # of students: 2 000

7 K arl- F ranzens U niversity G raz founded: 1585 students: staff: (scientific: 2 000) annual budget: approx. €

8 K arl- F ranzens U niv G raz

9 S tudy P rogrammes Chemistry Diploma (old) = 3+2 years 3y Bachelor – Chemistry or Biochemistry + 2y Master Biochemistry, Technical Chemistry, Renewable Resources, Nutrition Technology + 2-3y Doctoral Thesis in Chemistry 3y PhD in Chemistry Environmental Sciences 3y Bachelor + 2y Master with focus either on: Chemistry, Physics, Geography, Economy or Macro-Economy

10 package 1: Carbohydrates / Polysaccharides / Biopolymers partners: KFU-Graz / BOKU-Vienna / TU-Graz contributions: Huber / Praznik / Narodoslawsky / Schnitzer content: projects, seminaries, lectures, laboratory managed by PSI - PolySaccharide KFUG coordination / contact: Prof. Dr. Anton HuberPSI - PolySaccharide InitiativeProf. Dr. Anton Huber project / laboratory / seminary Characterization of Carbohydrates and Polysaccharides Analytical and Preparative Separation Techniques for Carbohydrates and Polysaccharides 10 ECTS, Anton Huber / Werner Praznik project / lectures / practical Ecological Process Evaluation, 1+1 ECTS, Michael Narodoslwasky Production integrated environmental Protection, 2 ECTS, Hans Schnitzer lectures Biopolymers: Macromolecules in Biological Systems, 3 ECTS, Anton Huber Selforganizing Systems: Architecture, Organization and Functionality, 2 ECTS Anton Huber supplementaries: German, Intensive Course (3 weeks)

11 Analysis / Characterization of Polysaccharides: Starch superimposed heterogeneities on molecular level: conformation, dimension & interactive properties  component properties  distributions + mean values mass & molar fractions from separation techniques  bulk properties  static & dynamic mean values  controlled fragmentation + fragment analysis  non-destructive high-resolution 'scanning' of physical & chemical properties: mobility, visco-elasticity,... + chemistry + arithmetics  distributions of: excluded volume, molar mass, packing density, branching characteristics,.....  application of stress: mech, therm, chem disintegration limits / reorganization capacities / relaxation characteristics / phase transitions

12 package 2: Cellulosics: Characterization / Solid State Processing / Interface & Surface Phenomena partners: KFU-Graz / TU-Graz contributions: Ribitsch content: projects, seminaries, lectures, laboratory managed by Interface Science & Rheology KFUG coordination / contact: Prof. Dr. Volker RibitschInterface Science & Rheology Prof. Dr. Volker Ribitsch project / laboratory / seminary Surface and interface modification of beta-glucans, 4 ECTS, V.Ribitsch Organic chemistry modifications of beta-glucans, 4 ECTS, R.Dworczak Renewable Resources ( ), 3 ECTS, M.Mittelbach NMR-Analysis, 3 ECTS, K.Zangger lectures supplementaries: German, Intensive Course (3 weeks)

13  processes at the solid-liquid interface of polymers, in particular polysaccharides and pigment materials  processes between interfaces of new materials with specific and selective surface properties  partner of EPNOE - European Polysaccharide Network of Excellence - responsible for interface science, coordination of analytical methods and standardisation of applied analytical techniques  cellulosic fibers  investigations on quality, chemical and physical structure and morphology  optimizing processing and finishing of natural cellulose fibres  dissolution of cellulose based materials  investigations of interface processes at the solid liquid interface  shaping of dissolved cellulose based materials  establishing structure / properties - correlations for produced materials  feedback for finishing processes, functionalization and compounding Interface processes fibers: 'Cellulosics'

14 package 3: Biofuels partners: KFU-Graz / TU-Graz contributions: Mittelbach & partners content: projects, seminaries, lectures, laboratory managed by Renewable Resources KFUG coordination / contact: Prof. Dr. Martin MittelbachRenewable Resources Group Prof. Dr. Martin Mittelbach project / laboratory / seminary Bio-organic Labcourse, 15 ECTS, M.Mittelbach Laboratory Project Traffic Technology, 2 ECTS, S.Hausberger lectures Renewable Resources, 3 ECTS, M. Mittelbach Fuels and Lubricants, 3 ECTS, Peter Tritthart Internal Combustion Engines, 4 ECTS, H.Eichlseder supplementaries: German, Intensive Course (3 weeks)

15 Biodiesel: fatty acid (m)ethyl esters natural sources Triacylglycerides Vegetable oils, animal fat, microbial oils fatty acids hydrolysis, veg. oil raffination, soap stock trans-esterification esterification New Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production vegetable food oils: palm, soybean, sunflower „new“ seed oils: cuphea, crambe..... single cell oils: yeast, fungi, algae genetically modified seed oils non-edible seed oils Jatropha curcas, Castor oil, used frying oil animal fat: tallow, grease waste oils and fat, soap stock, trap grease

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17 First Biodiesel Plant for Used Frying Oil in USA Kentucky, 1999

18 package 4: Organo-chemical Modification and Transformation of Natural Materials partners: KFU-Graz / TU-Graz contributions: Dworczak, Ribitsch, Huber, Uray content: projects, seminaries, lectures, laboratory managed by PSI - PolySaccharide KF-Univ. Graz coordination / contact: Prof. Dr. Renate DworczakProf. Dr. Renate Dworczak project / laboratory / seminary Organic and bioorganic modifications of glucan-oligomers, 6 ECTS, R.Dworczak Surface and interface modification of beta-glucans, 4 ECTS, V.Ribitsch Labelling, 2 ECTS, G.Uray Renewable Resources, 3 ECTS, M. Mittelbach NMR of biomolecules, 3 ECTS, N.N lectures Biopolymers: Macromolecules in Biological Systems, 3 ECTS, A.Huber Selforganizing Systems: Architecture, Organization and Functionality, 2 ECTS A.Huber Biocatalysis, 3 ECTS, N.N. supplementaries: German, Intensive Course (3 weeks)

19 Chitosan: isolation / purification modification and functionalization

20 R= -H, -COCH 3 hydrophilic, however, insoluble in water nontoxic nonallergenic antimicrobial biodegradable hydrogen bonds chemical functionalities –amino / NAc group –primary hydroxy group –secondary hydroxy group Chitosan: properties / chemistry

21 reduction + RCHO R =–(CH 2 ) n – CH 3 –(CH 2 –CH 2 –O) n – CH 3 – cyclodextrine – monosaccharide – disaccharide Chitosan + aldehydes

22 package 5: Sustainable Technology of Renewable Resources partners: TU-Graz / KFU-Graz contributions: Ribitsch content: projects, seminaries, lectures, laboratory managed by r n TU-Graz Institute for resource efficient and sustainable systems coordination / contact: Prof. Dr. Michael Narodoslawskyr n sProf. Dr. Michael Narodoslawsky project / laboratory / seminary Ecological Process Evaluation, 1+1 ECTS, Michael Narodoslwasky Production integrated environmental Protection, 2 ECTS, Hans Schnitzer Biotechnology for Advanced, 3 ECTS, Braunegg, Nidetzky, Steiner Biotechnology - Project Laboratory, 4 ECTS, Braunegg, Nidetzky, Steiner Ecology - Energy, 2 ECTS, Lettner, Streicher lectures Surface and interface modification of beta-glucans, 4 ECTS, Volker Ribitsch Renewable Resources, 3 ECTS, Martin Mittelbach Spatial and Regional Economics, 2 ECTS Karl Steininger supplementaries: German, Intensive Course (3 weeks)

23 Area-distribution of Biodiesel from Used Vegetable Oil Area-distribution of Fossil Diesel Overall footprint 4,8 m² a / MJ 28,3 m² a / MJ LCA assessment with SPI - Sustainable Process Index

24 Life Cycle of Biodiesel from tallow and used vegetable oil

25 Biogas Press Amino acid Separation  raw material for biotechnology  fodder Liquid phase Lactic acid Separation  ethyl-lactate as solvent Solid phase  lactic acid for agricultural use Silage Fodder pellets EnergyFertiliser Fibres Case Study for Renewable Resource Logistics Green Biorefinery

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