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Announcements You should have turned in your EE on Friday. If you didn’t, meet with your advisor asap. NEXT Monday, we will begin the TOK paper process.

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Presentation on theme: "Announcements You should have turned in your EE on Friday. If you didn’t, meet with your advisor asap. NEXT Monday, we will begin the TOK paper process."— Presentation transcript:

1 Announcements You should have turned in your EE on Friday. If you didn’t, meet with your advisor asap. NEXT Monday, we will begin the TOK paper process.

2 Human Sciences pt. 1 ToK “I think therefore I am (human?)”…

3 Notes, Quotes, and Questions Any ideas, questions, responses to share with the class? Start a conversation!

4 Write a minute… What is the human condition?

5 1.Natural Science = easier control of variables. 2.Human Science is not absolutely measurable. 3.Human Science control groups are difficult due to external variables. 4.Human Sciences cannot predict with any assurance. 5.Human Science: there are some constants, but these are based on very basic human instincts and constants. (We search for food when we are hungry. We are mortal.) 6.Natural Science can be verified through observation whereas Human science observation constitutes a very small piece of the pie and uses introspection and empathy or the scientist. 7.Human Science is vague and qualitative. 8.Human Science: past experience changes the experiment and outcome for both the scientist and the subject 9.Cassandra paradox: subject knows the prediction and will try to defy it. 10.Human sciences are permeated with values and ethics. 11.Facts in context are different than facts in reality. 12.Constant change in the Human Sciences: Experience does not necessarily equal knowledge. Objective analysis is rarely possible.

6 Is this an accurate portrayal of human behavior? Reality TV Montage

7 Defined Like the Natural Sciences, the purpose is to describe and explain complex phenomena in terms of simpler underlying phenomena. …to determine patterns in society and in individual human actions.

8 Psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics, political science Why are these defined as Human Sciences? How are they connected (or disconnected)? Where does each fall on the ‘certainty scale’ for you, personally? Which is the most scientific to you?

9 Human Sciences/Natural Sciences Similarities and differences? Which are you more drawn to? Why? Do you think they hold equal value or deserve equal credit for discoveries? Why or why not?

10 Human Sciences and Knowledge What is your “human knower” description? – Who are you psychologically? – Socially? – Economically? – Culturally? – Educationally?

11 Nature vs. Nurture What are we made of? What creates our character? Do we always have a choice? Studying mistakes in human behavior.

12 Personal vs. Collective Knowledge What you know and how you know it is often an individual experience, especially when you know through ways like Emotion or Sense Perception. What is collective knowledge? Is personal or collective knowledge more valuable?

13 Take a moment to discuss each of these axioms: Murphy’s Law: If anything can go wrong, it will. Ducharm’s Axiom: If you view your problem closely enough, you will recognize yourself as part of the problem. Cardinal Conundrum: An optimist believes we live in the best of all possible worlds. A pessimist fears this is true.

14 Cont’d Swipple’s Rule of Order: He who shouts loudest has the floor. (Squeaky wheel gets the grease.) Edelstein’s Advice: Don’t worry about what other people are thinking about you. They’re to busy worrying about what you are thinking about them. Jochen Van Den Bossche’s Ratio: The amount of love someone feels for you is inversely proportional to how much you love them.

15 Humans vs. other animals: what is so different? Self-consciousness Mirror Test Creativity Free will Language (complex and connotative) Reason Complex emotions; example: empathy, compassion

16 Crossing over What concepts in Human Sciences are addressed in works of art, literature, or music? Think about novels, newspapers, magazines, song lyrics, poetry, paintings, sculpture…

17 Human Characteristics For one minute, make a list of human characteristics---good, bad, and indifferent.

18 Now, rank them in order of how valuable these characteristics are. Be prepared to explain why you ranked them the way you did.


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