Presentation on theme: "LAMB & GOAT. VOCABULARY Apparel wool : a fine wool used in making clothing Buck: a male in such species as goats, deer, rabbits, etc. Cabrito: the meat."— Presentation transcript:
VOCABULARY Apparel wool : a fine wool used in making clothing Buck: a male in such species as goats, deer, rabbits, etc. Cabrito: the meat from young kids harvested at approximately 30-40 pounds. Carpet wool: a coarse wool used for making carpet Chevon: meat from goats Doe: female of those species in which the male is called bucks; ex: goats, deer, rabbits, etc.
VOCABULARY Ewe: a female sheep or goat Gestation: the time during which the animal is pregnant Grease mohair: a mohair fleece before it is cleaned Grease wool: a wool fleece before it’s cleaned Hothouse lambs: young sheep sold at 50-90 days of age, weighing 36-60 pounds Kemp: large, chalky white hairs found in the fleece of some goats—especially Angora
VOCABULARY Lamb: a young sheep Mohair: the fleece of an Angora goat Moufflons: a breed of wild sheep believed to be ancestors or some present-day domestic breeds Palpating: examining a doe to determine pregnancy Pasang: species of wild goat believed to be ancestors of some of today’s domestic breeds. Ram: a male sheep or lamb that has not been castrated
VOCABULARY Spring lambs: young sheep that are 3-7 months of age and usually weight from 70-90 pounds Wether: a male sheep or goat that has been castrated before sexual maturity Wool top: partially processed wool Lanolin: wool grease especially when refined for use in ointments and cosmetics
TEXAS AG IMPACT Texas has over 1.2 million goats. 240,000 Angora goats—These produce 1.6 million pounds of mohair each year. 1 million meat goats. 30,000 milk goats.
TEXAS AG IMPACT Texas has 1 million head of sheep and lambs. Texas sheep produce 5.5 million pounds of wool each year.
TEXAS AG IMPACT Coyotes cause $ 2,800,000 in lamb and sheep loses each year in Texas. Dogs cause $ 705,000 in lamb and sheep loses each year in Texas.
TEXAS AG IMPACT Wool is categorized in 4 major types: 1. Long wool 2. Fine wool 3. Medium wool 4. Carpet wool Low grade wool can be used to clean up: oil spills.
TEXAS AG IMPACT Sheep have 54 chromosomes. Goats have 60 chromosomes.
FROM THE SHEEP… Normal Meat Wool Lanolin Unfamiliar Natural casings for sausage Instrument strings Suture material Collagen/bone for surgery Marshmallows Gelatin desserts Fertilizer Crayons, candles, asphalt Baseballs, footballs, tennis balls, basketballs
FROM THE GOAT… Normal Meat Milk Cheese Yogurt Ice cream Butter Unfamiliar Lotion Soap Mohair Cashmere
INFORMATION History: Developed in Sussex, England during the late 1700 and early 1800s‘. Documented importations were made into Pennsylvania from 1824 to 1829. Characteristics: Best suited for farm flock production. Mouse-brown face and lower legs. Polled. Early maturing. Main Uses: Fleece production
INFORMATION History: Result of crossing Southdown rams on Norfolk Horned ewes. Product was a great improvement over either one of the parents. Recognized as early as 1810. Characteristics: Large sheep without horns, dark faces and legs, fine bones and long small necks. Muscular body. Main Uses: Meatiness and quality of wool.
INFORMATION History: Originated with Spain's famed Merino flocks, known as world's finest wool. The Spanish government was so protective of their Merino flocks that any exportation was forbidden. 1786: sent 359 carefully selected rams and ewes to help improve the native French stock Characteristics: Mature ewes will have a fleece weigh of 8 to 18 pounds with a yield of 35 to 55 percent. Main Uses: Wool
INFORMATION History: Originated in the district of Angora in Asia Minor. The Angora dates back prior to early biblical history. Mohair became a valuable product in commerce early in the nineteenth century. Characteristics: Picturesque animal. Both sexes are horned. Ears are heavy and drooping. Smaller compared to sheep and others goats. Main Uses: Mohair and foraging.
INFORMATION History: Mixture of European, Angora and Indian goat breeds. Name derived from the Dutch word "boer" meaning farmer. Characteristics: Horned breed, lop eared. Extended breeding season. Early maturity. Main Uses: Meat
INFORMATION History: Anglo-Nubians were developed in England by crossing British goats with bucks of African and Indian origin. Characteristics: All-purpose goat. Best suited of the dairy goat breeds to hot conditions. Cross-breed with other breeds. Main Uses: Meat, milk and hide production.