3 The Beginning – August 11, 2014MDARD notified of turkey mortalities at index farmCause of death unknownTurkey mortalities at processor (USDA notified)Turkeys and feed samples sent to MSU for analysisNecropsy Finding: lasalocid toxicityThis was a large integrated turkey and swine operation
4 LasalocidAnimal DrugApproved for use in poultry, cattle & sheep feedsUsed to prevent coccidiosis in poultryTurkeys fed at a rate of 68 – 113 g/ton
5 MDARD Farm Visit Who makes the feed? Farm uses lasalocid in turkey feed formulationsHow were mortalities disposed?Turkey shipments suspended since Aug 13First Hypothesis: on farm feed mix upFarm is and on farm mixer feeder but also owns and runs commercial feed mill.
6 Multi-Agency Response USDA: Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS) + FDA: DET-DO and CVM MDARD: Feed and Animal Industry __________________________________________ = Lots of questions, few answers Solution: Regular Multi-Agency Conference Calls* 1st call: August 21
7 Joint Investigations MDARD & FDA @ Index Farm USDA FSIS @ Processor Root cause?Lasalocid inventory reconciliation~ 450 tons turkey feed removed, reconditioning plan reviewed by FDAMDARD collects official and retain samplesUSDA ProcessorClears farm to ship on August 28
8 Samples MDARD Lab Dry ingredients clean Low levels lasalocid in finished feedsfats and oils – no official methodsMSU, Diagnostic Center for Population & Animal HealthCan qualify the presence of lasalocid in grease
9 The BIG Findings (Sept 11) 1,510 g/ton lasalocid in swine feedLasalocid is NOT approved for swineLasalocid detected in grease samplesMDARD contacts Index Farm5,000 pigs shipped weeklyFarm agrees to not ship pigs to marketPoints from the next steps slide:FDA validation of quantifiable method wksInput from state, university, and private laboratoriesMDARD, FDA and USDA continue investigationsStart date? grease suppliersIndex FarmRemoves all grease from swine formulationsSubmits swine liver samples to 2 laboratoriesSubmits Reportable Food Registry
10 Withdrawal TimeFood Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD) Recommend 28 day withdrawal timeFDA CVM makes withdrawal recommendation to USDA based on State-collected sample results28 day withdrawal time“out of an abundance of caution”Index Farm20,000 pigs impactedSeptember 16 start date
12 Recalls and Root Cause Michigan Grease Processor Shipped contaminated grease to 13 locations in 4 statesMDARD issues stop sale orderSeptember 26 recallMDARD stands up Incident Management TeamFDA continues traceback at out of state sourcesShur-Green Farms in Ohio issues recall: Oct 23Samples collected from all 3 firms that supplied grease to farm: 1 positive at
13 Likely Root Cause Lascadoil From the Press Release: industrial processing waste oilFrom the Press Release:loads of Soyoil containing Lascadoil that was intended for commercial use (biofuels) may have crossed over to the feed ingredient stream
14 Findings, Impact, and Next Steps Apparent minimal oversight on grease suppliers, processors, haulers, jobbers, and brokersIndex Farm: lost 50,000 turkeys. 20,000 market ready pigs impacted, 450 tons of feed lost.November 12 – MDARD held compliance conference with MI grease supplier. Consent Agreement signedMore than 100 farms in at least 8 states received contaminated grease/feed
15 Successes Standing up an Incident Management Team Regular multi-agency conference callsFDA able to use state, university, and private laboratory results and analytical methodsPre-established working relationships with private sector, state and federal partnersAID and PPPMD joint inspection project: Jan/Feb 2015May also want to discuss future projects as a result of this investigation.AID and PPPM are conducting joint inspections in Jan/Feb at licesnsed dead animal dealer/ renderer operations. Some have commercial feed licenses, others may need license. Inspectors will be asking about projects, distributors, suppliers and labeling during contact visit.
16 Stay connected with MDARD! Questions?Stay connected with MDARD!Michigan Departmentof Agriculture@MichDeptofAgMIagriculture