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Simple, Fast and Accurate Solvent-free Method for Produced Water Process Monitoring.

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Presentation on theme: "Simple, Fast and Accurate Solvent-free Method for Produced Water Process Monitoring."— Presentation transcript:

1 Simple, Fast and Accurate Solvent-free Method for Produced Water Process Monitoring

2 What is produced water? Water that comes to the surface with oil and gas Contains many chemical constituents – Salt content (salinity, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity) – Oil and grease Composite of many hydrocarbons and other organic materials – Toxics from various natural inorganic and organic compounds or chemical additives – NORM – Some oxygen demanding materials

3 U.S Oil and grease limit used as a “surrogate” for other pollutants – When oil and grease are controlled, other pollutants will also be controlled Limit is based on a statistical analysis of data from 60 U.S. platforms – Monthly average = 95th percentile = 29 mg/l – Daily maximum = 99th percentile = 42 mg/l Limits based on the Freon Extraction method

4 Method comparison Old protocol –IR Technique –Freon extraction – kept light ends D

5 Method comparison New Technique – EPA 1664 –Hexane extraction –Distill off the hexane Loss of light ends –Weigh the residue Hexane

6 A2 Test Methodology Filter water through a PTFE filter Mass loading Highly efficient Even distribution Quick drying

7 Filter Method Analysis time– 30 seconds No solvents Easy disposal Easy cleanup D

8 PAL Spectrometer

9 1. Place Sample on window 3. Analyze the sample 2. Rotate TumblIR into place 4. Cleaning is easy! No Sample Prep Required, No Training Required

10 Why FT-IR for Lubrication Analysis? Water Additive depletion –Antioxidant Phenolic Aminic EP/AW Oxidation Nitration –Varnish formation

11 IR Detector Scatter Large droplets => IR scattered A IR Detector Small droplets => IR absorbedB Water in oil Before surfactant

12 A B Surfactant effect Minimizes transfer loss from container to container Ensures consistency in amount of oil measured Before After

13 Absorbance Absorbance Before surfactant After surfactant Surfactant Effect


15 Gravimetrically Prepared Oil in Water Standards Used for FT- IR Calibration and Method Development 1.Oil dilution standards gravimetrically prepared in IPA 2.Appropriate volumes added to a thoroughly cleaned 1000mL volumetric flask 3.The IPA solvent is evaporated at 50°C under vacuum 4.Dried flask is filled to the mark with distilled water 5.250uL of Oil Stabilizer additive is added 6.Sample is vigorously shaken by inversion for 1-2min 7.Transfer solution to cleaned 1L sample jar, shaking the flask vigorously after ¾ of the solution is transferred

16 Methodology

17 Filter

18 FT-IR Spectrum of Mineral Oil

19 Wavenumber Absorbance

20 Actual Concentration Predicted Concentration R 2 =0.9957

21 Actual Concentration Predicted Concentration R 2 =0.9957

22 The limit of detection for this method is 0.10ppm (100ppb)

23 Wavenumber Absorbance


25 Additional capabilities Water in crude oil –0.1 – 0.3% level –Keeps pipes from corroding Water in crude oil –1% – 50% –Allows dewatering/production validation etc Water/Glycol mix analysis –Drilling fluid

26 Conclusions

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