Introduction This presentation will provide participants with the following: General description General safety precautions Safe operating procedures Emergency Situations
Components of a Skid Steer Lift Arm Roll Over Protection System (ROPS) Hydraulic Block Bucket Attachment Safe Entry Aids, Grab Rail and Non-Slip Step Warning Lights All-Wheel Steer
Common Safety Devices Roll Over Protection System Overhead Protection Seatbelt Protective cage Pedestrian Warning Devices Lights Horn Operator’s Manual
II. General Safety Precautions
Signage Alerts operators to special messages regarding: Operation Maintenance Safety Precautions
Recognition of emphasized messages: NOTE This message is used when special information, instructions, or identification is required relating to procedures, equipment, tools, pressures, capacities, and other special data. IMPORTANT This message is used when special precautions should be taken to ensure a correct action or to avoid damage to, or malfunction of, the truck or a component. CAUTION This message is for proper precautions which, if not followed, can result in personal injury. WARNING This message is used when a hazard exists which can result in injury or death if proper precautions are not taken. DANGER This message is used when an extreme hazard exists which will result in death or serious injury if proper precautions are not taken immediately.
Benefits of Operator Training It improves safety for the operator and others It Improves morale Increased employee responsibility The operator learns how to perform a pre-shift inspection Reduce down time Increase productivity Reduce maintenance costs Improve safety The equipment is better cared for Employees understand the value of the equipment and how to use it efficiently Operator training and progress is documented OSHA requirements are fulfilled
Operate only if qualified Do not operate unless you have been trained to do so and are familiar with the operator's manual Familiarize yourself with the job site and your surroundings before operating. Try all controls and machine functions with the machine in an open area before starting to work. Know and observe all jobsite specific safety rules
Protective Equipment Safety Glasses and Face Shield Guard against injury from flying pieces of metal or debris; wear face shield or safety glasses. Proper Attire Wear close fitting clothing and safety equipment appropriate to the job. Ear Plugs and/or Muffs Wear suitable hearing protection to protect against loud or prolonged noises.
Always contact an authorized dealer before making machine modifications Changes can effect the following: Intended use of skid steer Weight or balance of the machine Can alter machine controls, performance or reliability Machine Modifications
Pre-shift Inspection Inspect machine carefully each day by walking around it before starting. Keep all guards and shields in good condition and properly installed. Fix damage and replace worn or broken parts immediately. Pay special attention to hydraulic hoses and electrical wiring.
Stay Clear of Moving Parts Entanglements in moving parts can cause serious injury. Maintenance procedures require the following Engine off Controls in neutral Parking brake set Park on level surface, wheel chocks if needed Hydraulics blocked If any guard or shield has been removed for access, replace when complete.
Potential Hazard Exposures High Pressure Oils Most machines use a high- pressure hydraulic system. Escaping oil under pressure can penetrate the skin causing serious injury. Hydraulic oil that penetrates the skin must be treated immediately. Use the “cardboard test” to locate potential hydraulic fluid leaks.
Potential Hazard Exposures Exhaust Fumes Engine exhaust fumes can cause sickness or death. If you must operate in a building provide adequate ventilation. Use an exhaust pipe extension to remove the exhaust fumes. Open doors and windows to bring outside air into the area.
Potential Hazard Exposures Battery Explosions Battery gas can explode. Keep sparks, flames, and other ignition sources away from the top of the battery. Never check battery charge by placing a metal object across the posts, use a voltmeter. Never charge a frozen battery; it may explode. Warm battery to 16°C (60°F).
Potential Hazard Exposures Fire Prevention Handle Fuel Safely: Store flammable fluids away from fire hazards. Never refuel machine while smoking or when near sparks or flame. Clean Machine Regularly: Keep trash, debris, grease and oil from accumulating in engine compartment, around fuel lines, hydraulic lines and electrical wiring. Never store oily rags or flammable materials inside a machine compartment. Maintain Hoses and Wiring: Replace hydraulic hoses immediately if they begin to leak, and clean up any oil spills. Examine electrical wiring and connectors frequently for damage.
Extinguishers Ordinary Combustibles Includes materials such as wood and paper Flammable Liquids Includes fuels, grease, other liquids Electrical Fires Contains non-conductive smothering agent
How to Use a Fire Extinguisher P-A-S-S Pull -- Pull the pin at the top of the extinguisher that keeps the handle from being activated Aim -- Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire Squeeze -- Maintain a distance of eight to ten feet away from the fire and squeeze the handle. Discharge will only occur if the handle is being squeezed. Sweep -- Sweep the nozzle back and forth at the base of the fire until it appears to be out.
Potential Hazard Exposures Chemical Hazard Communication Exposure to hazardous chemicals can cause serious injury. Lubricants, coolants, paints and adhesives used with this machine may be hazardous. If uncertain about safe handling or use of these chemical products, contact your authorized dealer for a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
Waste Disposal Fuel, oils, coolants, filters and batteries used with the machine may be harmful to the environment. Never pour waste onto the ground, down a drain, or into any water source. Material must be disposed of in accordance with the rules and regulations of federal and state agencies. ADEM (Alabama Dept. of Environmental Management) Office of General Council; (334) (http://www.adem.state.al.us/)http://www.adem.state.al.us/
General Safety Procedures Face the machine when getting on and off, maintain 3-point contact at all times. Never use machine controls as handholds. Use extra care in poor weather conditions. Keep steps clean and free of grease or oil.
General Safety Procedures Never jump when exiting machine or exit while the machine is moving. Start the engine only while sitting in operator's seat. Always wear your safety belt. The complete seat belt assembly should be replaced every three years, regardless of appearance.
General Safety Procedures Be careful not to accidentally actuate controls when co-workers are present. Lower all equipment to the ground during work interruptions. Engage park brake before allowing anyone to approach the machine. Follow these same precautions before standing up, leaving the operator's seat, or exiting the machine.
Potential Site Hazards Buried utilities, i.e. water, cable, electrical Adjacent structures or objects that could fall onto the machine. Poor housekeeping, excessive debris. Overhead power lines.
Potential Site Hazards Awareness of bystanders and fellow workers. Use barricades or a signal person to keep vehicles and pedestrians away. Travel path conditions. Steep terrain Soft soil Loose gravel Rutting Uneven transitions
Operator Fundamentals Keep Riders Off the Machine Only allow operator on machine. Riders are subject to injury. They may fall from machine, be caught between machine parts, or struck by foreign objects. Riders may obstruct operator's view or impair his ability to operate machine safely.
Operator Fundamentals Avoid Back-over Accidents Before moving machine, be sure all persons or vehicles are clear of machine path. Be certain reverse warning alarm is working properly. Use a signal person when backing if view is obstructed or when in close quarters.
Operator Fundamentals Avoid Machine Tip Over Use seat belt at all times. Never jump from a tipping machine. You will be unlikely to jump clear and the machine may crush you. Load and unload from trucks or trailers carefully. Be sure truck is wide enough and on a firm level surface. Use loading ramps and attach them properly to truck bed.
Operator Fundamentals Avoid Machine Tip Over Use caution on slopes and avoid sharp turns. Balance loads so weight is evenly distributed and load is stable. Carry tools and loads close to the ground to aid visibility and lower center of gravity. Avoid overloading, know your machines capacity.
Operator Fundamentals Operating or Traveling On Public Roads For work near vehicle traffic you must have proper lighting and markings to assure visibility. Additional lights, beacons, slow moving vehicle (SMV) emblems, or other devices may require installation. Check state and local regulations to assure compliance. Keep these devices clean and in working condition.
Operator Fundamentals Attachment Hook-Up and Operation Attachments must be compatible. Installation must handled by a competent person. Verify that all connections are secure and attachment responds properly to controls. Carefully read attachment manual and follow all instructions and warnings. Test the attachment in an open area to insure proper operation.
Refueling Gasoline and Diesel The difference between these two fuels is their ignition temperatures. Gasoline Extremely flammable Colorless Distinctive odor Diesel Has higher ignition point than gas Colorless Slight odor, harder to detect than gas
Refueling Most skid steer filler caps are equipped with a venting device and a fuel screen. The screen serves as a fire retardant device by keeping fire out of the fuel tank. Check when refueling to make sure the screen is in place.
Refueling Safe refueling checklist: Refuel in designated areas with good ventilation Smoking and open flames are prohibited Shut off the skid steer, lower the attachment, controls in neutral, and set the parking brake before beginning Don’t overfill the tank Clean up any spills Use only clean, properly marked fuel cans
Batteries A lead-acid battery is a portable power source for supplying direct current electricity. The most common voltages include 12, 24, 36, and 48 volts. Discharging a battery below 80% of its total capacity can result in shortened battery and truck component life.
Battery Hazards Sulfuric Acid – Small amounts can cause severe contact burns to the skin. Gasses – Batteries produce hydrogen and oxygen mixture continuously. Keep all ignition sources away. Electricity – Batteries are capable of producing very high discharge rates. Avoid direct shorting situations. Battery Weight – Use care when handling, charging, and using batteries in the truck.
IV. Emergency Situations
Are you prepared? Does the facility/jobsite have an evacuation procedure? Are emergency contact numbers readily available? Do any of your employees/co-workers have CPR or First Aid training? Does the facility/jobsite have a first aid kit?
Handling an Emergency The three C’s, Check, Call, Care help us remember what to do in an emergency situation. Check – check the area for your own safety first, then the victim's Call – for help, 911 or whom ever is in the immediate area that can provide assistance Care - administer care to the victim, this may be first aid or at least stabilization
V. Driving Test Pre-operation Inspection Familiarization with operating controls Driver’s Test