11Recognition of emphasized messages: NOTEThis message is used when special information, instructions, or identification is required relating to procedures, equipment, tools, pressures, capacities, and other special data.IMPORTANTThis message is used when special precautions should be taken to ensure a correct action or to avoid damage to, or malfunction of, the truck or a component.CAUTIONThis message is for proper precautions which, if not followed, can result in personal injury.WARNINGThis message is used when a hazard exists which can result in injury or death if proper precautions are not taken.DANGERThis message is used when an extreme hazard exists which will result in death or serious injury if proper precautions are not taken immediately.
12Benefits of Operator Training It improves safety for the operator and othersIt Improves moraleIncreased employee responsibilityThe operator learns how to perform a pre-shift inspectionReduce down timeIncrease productivityReduce maintenance costsImprove safetyThe equipment is better cared forEmployees understand the value of the equipment and how to use it efficientlyOperator training and progress is documentedOSHA requirements are fulfilled
13Operate only if qualified Do not operate unless you have been trained to do so and are familiar with the operator's manualFamiliarize yourself with the job site and your surroundings before operating.Try all controls and machine functions with the machine in an open area before starting to work.Know and observe all jobsite specific safety rules
14Protective Equipment Safety Glasses and Face Shield Proper Attire Guard against injury from flying pieces of metal or debris; wear face shield or safety glasses.Proper AttireWear close fitting clothing and safety equipment appropriate to the job.Ear Plugs and/or MuffsWear suitable hearing protection to protect against loud or prolonged noises.
15Machine Modifications Always contact an authorized dealer before making machine modificationsChanges can effect the following:Intended use of skid steerWeight or balance of the machineCan alter machine controls, performance or reliability
16Pre-shift InspectionInspect machine carefully each day by walking around it before starting.Keep all guards and shields in good condition and properly installed.Fix damage and replace worn or broken parts immediately.Pay special attention to hydraulic hoses and electrical wiring.
17Stay Clear of Moving Parts Entanglements in moving parts can cause serious injury.Maintenance procedures require the followingEngine offControls in neutralParking brake setPark on level surface, wheel chocks if neededHydraulics blockedIf any guard or shield has been removed for access, replace when complete.
18Potential Hazard Exposures High Pressure OilsMost machines use a high-pressure hydraulic system. Escaping oil under pressure can penetrate the skin causing serious injury.Hydraulic oil that penetrates the skin must be treated immediately.Use the “cardboard test” to locate potential hydraulic fluid leaks.
19Potential Hazard Exposures Exhaust FumesEngine exhaust fumes can cause sickness or death.If you must operate in a building provide adequate ventilation.Use an exhaust pipe extension to remove the exhaust fumes.Open doors and windows to bring outside air into the area.
20Potential Hazard Exposures Battery ExplosionsBattery gas can explode. Keep sparks, flames, and other ignition sources away from the top of the battery.Never check battery charge by placing a metal object across the posts, use a voltmeter.Never charge a frozen battery; it may explode. Warm battery to 16°C (60°F).
21Potential Hazard Exposures Fire PreventionHandle Fuel Safely: Store flammable fluids away from fire hazards. Never refuel machine while smoking or when near sparks or flame.Clean Machine Regularly: Keep trash, debris, grease and oil from accumulating in engine compartment, around fuel lines, hydraulic lines and electrical wiring. Never store oily rags or flammable materials inside a machine compartment.Maintain Hoses and Wiring: Replace hydraulic hoses immediately if they begin to leak, and clean up any oil spills. Examine electrical wiring and connectors frequently for damage.
22Ordinary Combustibles ExtinguishersOrdinary CombustiblesIncludes materials such as wood and paperFlammable LiquidsIncludes fuels, grease, other liquidsElectrical FiresContains non-conductive smothering agent
23How to Use a Fire Extinguisher P-A-S-SPull -- Pull the pin at the top of the extinguisher that keeps the handle from being activatedAim -- Aim the nozzle at the base of the fireSqueeze -- Maintain a distance of eight to ten feet away from the fire and squeeze the handle. Discharge will only occur if the handle is being squeezed.Sweep -- Sweep the nozzle back and forth at the base of the fire until it appears to be out.
24Potential Hazard Exposures Chemical Hazard CommunicationExposure to hazardous chemicals can cause serious injury.Lubricants, coolants, paints and adhesives used with this machine may be hazardous.If uncertain about safe handling or use of these chemical products, contact your authorized dealer for a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
25Waste DisposalFuel, oils, coolants, filters and batteries used with the machine may be harmful to the environment.Never pour waste onto the ground, down a drain, or into any water source.Material must be disposed of in accordance with the rules and regulations of federal and state agencies.ADEM (Alabama Dept. of Environmental Management)Office of General Council; (334)(http://www.adem.state.al.us/)
28General Safety Procedures Face the machine when getting on and off, maintain 3-point contact at all times.Never use machine controls as handholds.Use extra care in poor weather conditions.Keep steps clean and free of grease or oil.
29General Safety Procedures Never jump when exiting machine or exit while the machine is moving.Start the engine only while sitting in operator's seat.Always wear your safety belt.The complete seat belt assembly should be replaced every three years, regardless of appearance.
30General Safety Procedures Be careful not to accidentally actuate controls when co-workers are present.Lower all equipment to the ground during work interruptions. Engage park brake before allowing anyone to approach the machine.Follow these same precautions before standing up, leaving the operator's seat, or exiting the machine.
31Potential Site Hazards Buried utilities, i.e. water, cable, electricalAdjacent structures or objects that could fall onto the machine.Poor housekeeping, excessive debris.Overhead power lines.
32Potential Site Hazards Awareness of bystanders and fellow workers.Use barricades or a signal person to keep vehicles and pedestrians away.Travel path conditions.Steep terrainSoft soilLoose gravelRuttingUneven transitions
33Operator Fundamentals Keep Riders Off the MachineOnly allow operator on machine.Riders are subject to injury. They may fall from machine, be caught between machine parts, or struck by foreign objects.Riders may obstruct operator's view or impair his ability to operate machine safely.
34Operator Fundamentals Avoid Back-over AccidentsBefore moving machine, be sure all persons or vehicles are clear of machine path.Be certain reverse warning alarm is working properly.Use a signal person when backing if view is obstructed or when in close quarters.
35Operator Fundamentals Avoid Machine Tip OverUse seat belt at all times.Never jump from a tipping machine. You will be unlikely to jump clear and the machine may crush you.Load and unload from trucks or trailers carefully. Be sure truck is wide enough and on a firm level surface. Use loading ramps and attach them properly to truck bed.
36Operator Fundamentals Avoid Machine Tip OverUse caution on slopes and avoid sharp turns.Balance loads so weight is evenly distributed and load is stable.Carry tools and loads close to the ground to aid visibility and lower center of gravity.Avoid overloading, know your machines capacity.
37Operator Fundamentals Operating or Traveling On Public RoadsFor work near vehicle traffic you must have proper lighting and markings to assure visibility.Additional lights, beacons, slow moving vehicle (SMV) emblems, or other devices may require installation.Check state and local regulations to assure compliance. Keep these devices clean and in working condition.
38Operator Fundamentals Attachment Hook-Up and OperationAttachments must be compatible.Installation must handled by a competent person.Verify that all connections are secure and attachment responds properly to controls.Carefully read attachment manual and follow all instructions and warnings.Test the attachment in an open area to insure proper operation.
39Refueling Gasoline and Diesel The difference between these two fuels is their ignition temperatures.GasolineExtremely flammableColorlessDistinctive odorDieselHas higher ignition point than gasSlight odor, harder to detect than gas
40RefuelingMost skid steer filler caps are equipped with a venting device and a fuel screen.The screen serves as a fire retardant device by keeping fire out of the fuel tank.Check when refueling to make sure the screen is in place.
41Refueling Safe refueling checklist: Refuel in designated areas with good ventilationSmoking and open flames are prohibitedShut off the skid steer, lower the attachment, controls in neutral, and set the parking brake before beginningDon’t overfill the tankClean up any spillsUse only clean, properly marked fuel cans
42BatteriesA lead-acid battery is a portable power source for supplying direct current electricity.The most common voltages include 12, 24, 36, and 48 volts.Discharging a battery below 80% of its total capacity can result in shortened battery and truck component life.
43Battery HazardsSulfuric Acid – Small amounts can cause severe contact burns to the skin.Gasses – Batteries produce hydrogen and oxygen mixture continuously. Keep all ignition sources away.Electricity – Batteries are capable of producing very high discharge rates. Avoid direct shorting situations.Battery Weight – Use care when handling, charging, and using batteries in the truck.
45Are you prepared?Does the facility/jobsite have an evacuation procedure?Are emergency contact numbers readily available?Do any of your employees/co-workers have CPR or First Aid training?Does the facility/jobsite have a first aid kit?
46Handling an EmergencyThe three C’s, Check, Call, Care help us remember what to do in an emergency situation.Check – check the area for your own safety first, then the victim'sCall – for help, 911 or whom ever is in the immediate area that can provide assistanceCare - administer care to the victim, this may be first aid or at least stabilization
47Pre-operation Inspection Familiarization with operating controls V. Driving TestPre-operation InspectionFamiliarization with operating controlsDriver’s Test