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Camp Safety Merit 1 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Rules for Selecting a Camp a)Camp away from streams or dry creek beds These areas.

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Presentation on theme: "Camp Safety Merit 1 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Rules for Selecting a Camp a)Camp away from streams or dry creek beds These areas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Camp Safety Merit 1 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Rules for Selecting a Camp a)Camp away from streams or dry creek beds These areas flood easily and you may not have enough time to get to high ground.

2 Camp Safety Merit 2 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Rules for Selecting a Camp b)Avoid camping where rocks or dead trees might fall Dead trees could fall on your tent during the night when a wind comes up.

3 Camp Safety Merit 3 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Rules for Selecting a Camp c)Do not camp on a wild game trail. During the night large game may run through camp and knock down your tents and equipment or may cause injury to themselves or you.

4 Camp Safety Merit 4 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Rules for Selecting a Camp d)Avoid camping on the edge of a cliff. Sleepwalking, Land Slide, etc.

5 Camp Safety Merit 5 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Rules for Selecting a Camp e)Camp near a screen of trees that shelters the tents from strong winds. Though you still want some breeze to keep down the number of flying insects.

6 Camp Safety Merit 6 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Rules for Selecting a Camp f)Avoid lightning prone areas. Do not camp on the top of a ridge or in a wide-open basin or beside the tallest trees in the area where lightning is likely to strike.

7 Camp Safety Merit 7 Bad Weather Conditions Bad Weather Conditions Safety Rules for lightning a)Get 100 feet away from metal objects, backpacks, fences, etc. b)Take cover under trees that are lower than others around you. Sit or lie down on something that can insulate you from lightning, such as a rubber sleeping mat.

8 Camp Safety Merit 8 Bad Weather Conditions Bad Weather Conditions Safety Rules for Tornado a)Move to a designated tornado shelter if available. b)If there is no structure nearby, lie flat in the nearest ditch. If tornado shelter is not available, find a basement or an interior room of a house such as a closet or bathroom. Do not stay in vehicles or mobile homes.

9 Camp Safety Merit 9 Bad Weather Conditions Bad Weather Conditions Safety Rules for Hail a)Find Shelter Immediately!

10 Camp Safety Merit 10 Bad Weather Conditions Bad Weather Conditions Safety Rules for Heavy Rain a)Stay away from flooded creeks, streams, and drainage ditches The banks may collapse when they become saturated with water.

11 Camp Safety Merit 11 Solid/Liquid Waste Solid/Liquid Waste Disposal of Solid and Liquid Waste Guess what the first jobs is upon arriving at a campsite.

12 Camp Safety Merit 12 Solid/Liquid Waste Solid/Liquid Waste Procedure for disposing of solid and liquid waste. a)Dig the latrine 300’ feet from a water supply and swimming area. b)Dig the hole for the latrine 6-10” inches deep. c)Each person should cover his waste with dirt. d)It is best to dig the pit for the latrine in dark-colored soil. The sun heats up microorganisms in the dark soil and decompose the solid waste more quickly.

13 Camp Safety Merit 13 Proper Food Handling Proper Food Handling Safety Precautions to avoid E. Coli A bacterium that may cause diarrhea and possible death. E. Coli comes the intestines of humans and animals. a)Wash face/hands before eating/preparing food. b)Thoroughly cook meat products. c)Make sure eating/cooking utensils are thoroughly cleaned by rinsing them in hot water two times.

14 Camp Safety Merit 14 Proper Food Handling Proper Food Handling Safety Precautions to avoid Salmonella A bacterium that can occur in all foods, including meat, seafood, dairy, and even fruits and vegetables. It causes severe diarrhea, dehydration, fever; vomiting, headache, and abdominal cramping. a)Wash face/hands before eating/preparing food. b)Thoroughly cook ALL FOODS. c)Make sure eating/cooking utensils are thoroughly cleaned by rinsing them in hot water two times.

15 Camp Safety Merit 15 Proper Food Handling Proper Food Handling Safety Precautions to avoid Hepatitis A A virus that may be found in contaminated foods, water; and shellfish. It causes fever; weakness, loss of appetite, digestive upsets, abdominal pains, and muscle pains. a)Wash face/hands before eating/preparing food. b)Make sure eating/cooking utensils are thoroughly cleaned by rinsing them in hot water two times.

16 Camp Safety Merit 16 Proper Food Handling Proper Food Handling Define “Botulism” a)A poisoning produced by botulinus bacteria, sometimes found in foods improperly canned or preserved. The victim suffering from Botulism has muscle paralysis and disturbances of vision and breathing, and the poisoning is often fatal. Check and avoid food items that are found to be opened, have a broken safety seal, or dented.

17 Camp Safety Merit 17 Proper Food Handling Proper Food Handling Importance of properly storing food while camping. a)Properly stored food prevents illness, prevents contamination by dirt and pests. b)Microorganisms multiply rapidly when fresh meats, fruits, and vegetables are allowed to warm between degrees, which can lead to illness.

18 Camp Safety Merit 18 Proper Food Handling Proper Food Handling What can be done to prevent food spoilage a)Food Spoils due to the growth of microorganisms that cause decay. b)Conditions such as temperature and moisture encourage spoilage c)Food spoilage can also be caused by the bruising of fruits/vegetables, pest infestation, and mixing fresh and cooked food (cross-contamination).

19 Camp Safety Merit 19 Proper Food Handling Proper Food Handling Other ways to prevent food spoilage Mixing Foods is not a good idea. Meats should always be stored by themselves. It is best to separate fruit and vegetables from meat because of the danger of food poisoning by cross-contamination. When going on an extended camp-out of a week or more, meat should be stored in separate cooler chests so that they do not have to open the cooler chests any more than necessary.

20 Camp Safety Merit 20 Proper Food Handling Proper Food Handling Other ways to prevent food spoilage Keep the meat that is going to be used near the end of the camp- out separate from the meat that will be used at the beginning of the camp-out. The more times a cooler is opened the more quickly the ice will melt and the internal temperature of the cooler will rise unless the water is drained off and more ice is added. When possible buy precooked meat or precook your meat before campout

21 Camp Safety Merit 21 Cut & Chop Area Cut & Chop Area The purpose of a Cut & Chop Area a)A the place to stack firewood, such as tinder; kindling, and fuel. b)A place to safely: 1.Cut and chop wood with an ax 2.Saw wood using a bow saw and sawhorse 3.Split wood with a ax or maul c)A place to store tools in a tool rack, such as a shovel, rake, hammer; bow saw, and ax.

22 Camp Safety Merit 22 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Propane Stoves/Lanterns a)Always inspect the propane connections for damage, dirt, and debris before attaching the cylinder. b)Inspect the 0-ring on the regulator for damage before use. c)Always light and use the stove outdoors, never inside a house, camper; tent, or other unventilated or enclosed areas.

23 Camp Safety Merit 23 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Propane Stoves/Lanterns d)This stove consumes air (oxygen). Do not use it in unventilated or enclosed areas to avoid endangering your life. e)Never store propane near a flame, pilot light, other ignition sources, or where temperatures exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit.

24 Camp Safety Merit 24 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Propane Stoves/Lanterns f)Replace the protective cap on the cylinder after detaching the cylinder from the appliance. g)Use the stove as a cooking appliance only, never as a space heater. h)Never leave the stove unattended while burning. i)Keep the stove away from flammables. Never allow fabric, clothing, or any flammable material to come within four feet of the top and one foot of all sides of the stove.

25 Camp Safety Merit 25 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Propane Stoves/Lanterns j)Use the preset 15-psi (pounds per square inch) regulator that comes with the stove. Do not attempt to adjust it. k)Propane is heavier than air and will accumulate in low places. If you smell gas in an enclosure, leave the area immediately and ventilate it thoroughly.

26 Camp Safety Merit 26 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Propane Stoves/Lanterns l)During stove setup, check all the hoses and fittings for leaks using soapy water; never use a flame. Always keep the refillable cylinder outdoors, never inside a house, camper; or tent. m)Never refill disposable cylinders.

27 Camp Safety Merit 27 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Propane Stoves/Lanterns n)Clean the stove frequently to avoid grease accumulations and possible grease fires. o)Keep it out of reach of children.

28 Camp Safety Merit 28 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Liquid Stoves/Lanterns a)Do not use it in unventilated areas. This stove consumes air (oxygen). Ample ventilation must be provided. Provide additional ventilation for persons and other fuel-burning appliances occupying the same enclosed area. b)Never alter the fuel in any way or use it with any other device. c)Never use the stove as a space heater. d)Never leave the stove unattended while burning.

29 Camp Safety Merit 29 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Liquid Stoves/Lanterns e)Use only clean, fresh white gas or Coleman fuel. Never use fuels containing lubricating oils, lead compounds, or other metallic compounds. f)Fuel for the stove is extremely flammable. Use the same care as when using gasoline. g)Never leave the stove unattended while burning.

30 Camp Safety Merit 30 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Liquid Stoves/Lanterns h)Store the fuel in a clean, properly marked metal container and keep the container away from a flame (including pilot lights), other ignition sources, or excessive heat. i)Never fill the tank or loosen or remove the fuel cap while the tank is on, attached to the stove, near aflame (including pilot lights), near other sources of ignition, or near excessive heat.

31 Camp Safety Merit 31 Propane Stove/Lanterns Propane Stove/Lanterns Safety Rules for Liquid Stoves/Lanterns j)Never allow tents, sleeping bags, clothing, or any flammable material to come within three feet of the top and one foot of all sides of the stove. k)Clean the stove frequently to avoid grease accumulations and possible grease fires. l)Keep out of Reach of Children.

32 Camp Safety Merit 32 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Precautions TRUE OR FALSE Camp away from streams or dry creek beds

33 Camp Safety Merit 33 Selecting a Campsite Selecting a Campsite Safety Precautions TRUE You should always avoid camping near streams or dry creak beds. These areas flood easily and you may not have enough time to get to high ground.


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