Presentation on theme: "Table of Contents The Nature of Sound Properties of Sound Music"— Presentation transcript:
1Table of Contents The Nature of Sound Properties of Sound Music How You Hear SoundUsing Sound
2Sound Waves - The Nature of Sound Sound is a disturbance that travels through a medium as a longitudinal wave. As a gong vibrates, it creates sound waves that travel through the air.
3Interactions of Sound Waves - The Nature of SoundInteractions of Sound WavesSound waves reflect off objects, diffract through narrow openings and around barriers, and interfere with each other.
4The Speed of Sound - The Nature of Sound The speed of sound depends on the elasticity, density, and temperature of the medium the sound travels trough.
5Temperature and the Speed of Sound - The Nature of SoundTemperature and the Speed of SoundThe speed of sound in dry air changes as the temperature changes. The graph shows data for the speed of sound in air at temperatures from –10ºC to 20ºC.
6Temperature and the Speed of Sound - The Nature of SoundTemperature and the Speed of SoundReading Graphs:What is the speed of sound in air at –10ºC?The speed at –10ºC is 325 m/s.
7Temperature and the Speed of Sound - The Nature of SoundTemperature and the Speed of SoundInterpreting Data:Does the speed of sound increase or decrease as temperature increases?The speed of sound increases as air temperature increases.
8Temperature and the Speed of Sound - The Nature of SoundTemperature and the Speed of SoundPredicting:What might be the speed of sound at 30ºC?At 30ºC, the speed of sound might be 349 m/s.
9Elasticity - The Nature of Sound Elasticity is the ability of a material to bounce back after being disturbed. You can model elasticity by representing the particles in a medium as being held together by springs.
10Density - The Nature of Sound Density is how much mass there is in a give volume. The volumes of the cubes are the same, but the brass has more mass.
11Identifying Main Ideas - The Nature of SoundIdentifying Main IdeasAs you read the section “Interactions of Sound Waves,” write the main idea–the biggest or most important idea–in a graphic organizer like the one below. Then write three supporting details that further explain the main idea.Main IdeaSound waves interact with objects and with other sound waves.DetailDetailDetailReflection occurs when sound waves strike a surface.Sound waves can diffract around corners and through openings.The interference of sound waves can be constructive or destructive.
12Click the SciLinks button for links on sound. - The Nature of SoundLinks on SoundClick the SciLinks button for links on sound.
14Loudness - Properties of Sound The loudness of different sounds is compared using a unit called the decibel (dB).
15Pitch - Properties of Sound The pitch of a sound that you hear depends on the frequency of the sound wave.
16Changing Pitch - Properties of Sound When you sing, you change pitch using your vocal cords. Your vocal cords are located in your voice box, or larynx.
17The Doppler Effect - Properties of Sound The change in frequency of a wave as its source moves in relation to an observer is called the Doppler effect. When a sound source moves, the frequency of the waves changes because the motion of the source adds to the motion of the waves.
18The Doppler Effect - Properties of Sound When the plane travels almost as fast as the speed of sound, the sound waves pile up in front of the plane. This pile up is the “sound barrier.”
19Outlining - Properties of Sound An outline shows the relationship between main ideas and supporting ideas. As you read, make an outline about the properties of sound. Use the red headings for the main ideas and the blue headings for the supporting ideas.LoudnessEnergy of a Sound SourceDistance From a Sound SourceMeasuring LoudnessPitchPitch and FrequencyChanging PitchDoppler EffectWhat Causes the Doppler Effect?What Causes Shock Waves?
20More on the Properties of Sound Click the PHSchool.com button for an activity about the properties of sound.
22- MusicSound QualityThe sound quality of musical instruments results from blending a fundamental tone with its overtones. Resonance also plays a role in sound quality.
23Groups of Musical Instruments There are three basic groups of musical instruments: stringed instruments, wind instruments, and percussion instruments.
24Previewing Visuals - Music When you preview, you look ahead at the material to be read. Preview Figure 15. Then write two questions that you have about the diagram in a graphic organizer like the one below. As you read, answer your questions.Musical InstrumentsQ. How is pitch changed in each type of instrument?A. By changing the frequency of the vibrationsQ. How is the loudness changed in each type of instrument?A. By changing the energy of the vibrations
26The Human Ear - How You Hear Sound The outer ear funnels sound waves, the middle ear transmits the waves inward, and the inner ear transforms sound waves into a form that travels to your brain.
27Sequencing - How You Hear Sound Sequence is the order in which the steps in a process occur. As you read, make a flowchart that shows how you hear sound. Put the steps of the process in separate boxes in the order in which they occur.How You Hear SoundThe outer ear funnels sound waves into the ear canal.Sound waves make the eardrum vibrate.Tiny bones in the middle ear transmit vibrations to the inner ear.Vibrations in the cochlea of the inner ear send messages to the brain.
29Echolocation - Using Sound Some animals, including bats and dolphins, use echolocation to navigate and to find food.
30- Using SoundSonarA sonar device sends out ultrasound waves and then detects the reflected waves.
31Comparing and Contrasting - Using SoundComparing and ContrastingAs you read, compare and contrast echolocation and sonar by completing a table like the one below.Using SoundFeatureEcholocationSonarType of waveUltrasoundUltrasoundMedium(s)Air, waterWaterFind water depth, sunken objects,schools of fishPurposesNavigate, find food
32Click the PHSchool.com button for an activity about sonar. - Using SoundMore on SonarClick the PHSchool.com button for an activity about sonar.