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WavesSection 3 Reflection, Diffraction, and Refraction How do waves behave when they hit a boundary, when they pass around an edge or opening, and when.

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Presentation on theme: "WavesSection 3 Reflection, Diffraction, and Refraction How do waves behave when they hit a boundary, when they pass around an edge or opening, and when."— Presentation transcript:

1 WavesSection 3 Reflection, Diffraction, and Refraction How do waves behave when they hit a boundary, when they pass around an edge or opening, and when they pass from one medium to another?

2 WavesSection Reflection, Diffraction, and Refraction, continued reflection: the bouncing back of a ray of light, sound, or heat when the ray hits a surface that it does not go through

3 WavesSection Reflection, Diffraction, and Refraction, continued Examples: The reflection of light waves from a mirror or water waves reflected when they hit the side of a boat.

4 WavesSection Reflection, Diffraction, and Refraction, continued diffraction: a change in the direction of a wave when the wave finds an obstacle or an edge, such as an opening

5 WavesSection Reflection, Diffraction, and Refraction, continued Examples: Water waves diffract around a block in a tank of water and sound waves passing through a door diffract.

6 WavesSection Reflection, Diffraction, and Refraction, continued refraction: the bending of a wavefront as the wavefront changes speed as it passes from one medium to another at an angle

7 WavesSection 3 Interference What happens when two waves are in the same location?

8 WavesSection Interference interference: the combination of two or more waves that results in a single wave

9 WavesSection Interference, continued constructive interference: an increase in amplitude due to a superposition of two or more waves that produces an intensity equal to the sum of the intensities of the individual waves

10 WavesSection Interference, continued destructive interference: a decrease in amplitude due to a superposition of two or more waves that produce an intensity equal to the difference of the intensities of the individual waves

11 WavesSection 3 Interference, continued

12 WavesSection 3 Standing Waves How are standing waves formed?

13 WavesSection Standing Waves standing wave: a pattern of vibration that simulates a wave that is standing still

14 WavesSection Standing Waves, continued Each loop of a standing wave is separated from the next loop by points that have no vibration, called nodes.

15 WavesSection Standing Waves, continued Midway between the nodes lie points of maximum vibration, called antinodes.


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