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{ Unit 1: The Beginnings of the American Tradition ENGLISH 201: American Literature.

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Presentation on theme: "{ Unit 1: The Beginnings of the American Tradition ENGLISH 201: American Literature."— Presentation transcript:

1 { Unit 1: The Beginnings of the American Tradition ENGLISH 201: American Literature

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7 MASLOW’S HEIRARCHY OF NEEDS

8 Motivations for America  EXPLORE  MONEY  FREEDOM Religious Religious  PARADISE Fountain of Youth Fountain of Youth Rivers of Gold Rivers of Gold

9 The Story of the Mayflower John Smith & William Bradford John Smith & William Bradford Plymouth Plantation Plymouth Plantation 1620, Massachusetts 1620, Massachusetts 100 people to start with (1/2 died that first winter) 100 people to start with (1/2 died that first winter) 1,000 to follow in ten years 1,000 to follow in ten years The Beginnings of The American Tradition

10 Providence: A sense of God working in one’s life on a regular, daily basis. The Beginnings of The American Tradition

11 Puritans would “search” their daily lives for signs/symbols of God’s grace (the Bible…diaries were important) The Beginnings of The American Tradition

12 Human Depravity: humans tend towards sin because of their fallenness The Beginnings of The American Tradition

13 3 Main Beliefs 1. Divine Mission True Religion True Religion America will be a model – “City Upon A Hill” America will be a model – “City Upon A Hill” The Beginnings of The American Tradition

14 3 Main Beliefs 2. Grace “The miracle by which God grants some people the ability to truly love.” “The miracle by which God grants some people the ability to truly love.” Spiritual Autobiography Spiritual Autobiography The Beginnings of The American Tradition

15 3 Main Beliefs 3. Plainness Simple Religion Simple Religion Simple Culture Simple Culture Plain Style Writing (vs. Ornate Style) Plain Style Writing (vs. Ornate Style) The Beginnings of The American Tradition

16 { The Beginnings of the American Tradition Puritan Writers

17 Edward Taylor Poetical Works (1939) Anne Bradstreet The Tenth Muse (1650) William Bradford Of Plymouth Plantation ( ) Jonathan Edwards Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God (1741) The Beginnings of The American Tradition.

18 Anne Bradstreet ( )  Grew up in the house of a Puritan Nobleman (father worked for him)  Emigrated to America in 1630  First American poet published  First female poet published

19 The Tenth Muse (1650)  Two versions: 1650 and 1670 (after her death)  First version: long poems on medicine, history, science  Final version: short poems about husband, house, and deep attachment to family Remember Mazlow’s Hierarchy?  Apologetic for being a woman

20 {  Iambic Couplet  Stressed and unstressed syllables  5 sets of stressed and unstressed “feet” per line  Two lines that rhyme Bradstreet used this poetic device

21 Plain Style Writing (Bay Psalm Book) The Lord to me a shepherd is, Want therefore I shall not, He in the folds of tender grass Doth make me down to lie To waters calm he gently leads Restore my soul doth he He doth in paths of righteousness For his names sake lead me. Yea though in valley of death’s shade I walk none ill I’ll fear, Because thou art with me, thy rod, and staff my comfort are. PSALM 23 Ornate Style Writing (King James Bible) The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.° Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: For thou art with me; Thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. PSALM 23 The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.° The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.° Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: For thou art with me; Thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. PSALM 23

22 Edward Taylor (1642?-1729)  Minister  Emigrated to America 1668  Believed you should only be a church member if “Grace” had been experienced  Didn’t want his poetry published

23 Poetical Works (1939)  Tried to defend the original, Puritan faith against some newer (liberal) ideas  NOT Plain Style  Conceit: strange comparison between two things “Housewifery” “Housewifery”

24 William Bradford ( )  Began to read the Bible “seriously” at the age of 12  Became Puritan (against some in his family)  Wife drowned(?) in the crossing to America

25 Of Plymouth Plantation ( )  Publish in 1856 (!)  America is dedicated and sustained by God  Later thought that America has started to become immoral :( “…like an ancient mother grown old and forsaken of her children…” “…like an ancient mother grown old and forsaken of her children…”

26 Jonathan Edwards ( )  Wrote treatise of insects at 11  Entered Yale at 13  Believed he experienced “Grace” no longer scared of thunder and lightning no longer scared of thunder and lightning  Minister in Massachusetts Dismissed at his insistence of Grace as the foundation of religious life Dismissed at his insistence of Grace as the foundation of religious life

27 Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God (1741)  Frenzied the congregation  People cried out “What shall I do?”  Vivid imagery of Hell  Vivid imagery of Hell "There is nothing that keeps wicked men at any one moment out of hell, but the mere pleasure of God." "There is nothing that keeps wicked men at any one moment out of hell, but the mere pleasure of God."

28 Edwards remains an influence today


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