7 MASLOW’S HEIRARCHY OF NEEDS Self ActualizationPersonal Fulfillment, Lack of Prejudice, Realizing PotentialEsteem NeedsSelf Esteem, Respect of Others and Self, Confidence, AchievementsLoving and BelongingFamily, Relationships, IntimacySafety NeedsSecurity, Protection, Stability, etc.Physiological NeedsFood, Drink, Sleep, Warmth, Shelter, etc.MASLOW’S HEIRARCHY OF NEEDS
8 Motivations for America EXPLOREMONEYFREEDOMReligiousPARADISEFountain of YouthRivers of GoldMotivations for America
9 The Beginnings of The American Tradition The Story of the MayflowerJohn Smith & William BradfordPlymouth Plantation1620, Massachusetts100 people to start with (1/2 died that first winter)1,000 to follow in ten yearsThe Beginnings of The American Tradition
10 The Beginnings of The American Tradition Providence: A sense of God working in one’s life on a regular, daily basis.The Beginnings of The American Tradition
11 The Beginnings of The American Tradition Puritans would “search” their daily lives for signs/symbols of God’s grace (the Bible…diaries were important)The Beginnings of The American Tradition
12 The Beginnings of The American Tradition Human Depravity: humans tend towards sin because of their fallennessThe Beginnings of The American Tradition
13 The Beginnings of The American Tradition 3 Main BeliefsDivine MissionTrue ReligionAmerica will be a model – “City Upon A Hill”The Beginnings of The American Tradition
14 The Beginnings of The American Tradition 3 Main BeliefsGrace“The miracle by which God grants some people the ability to truly love.”Spiritual AutobiographyThe Beginnings of The American Tradition
15 The Beginnings of The American Tradition 3 Main BeliefsPlainnessSimple ReligionSimple CulturePlain Style Writing (vs. Ornate Style)The Beginnings of The American Tradition
16 Puritan WritersThe Beginnings of the American Tradition
17 The Beginnings of The American Tradition. Edward Taylor Poetical Works (1939) Anne Bradstreet The Tenth Muse (1650) William Bradford Of Plymouth Plantation ( ) Jonathan Edwards Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God (1741)The Beginnings of The American Tradition.
18 Anne Bradstreet ( )Grew up in the house of a Puritan Nobleman (father worked for him)Emigrated to America in 1630First American poet publishedFirst female poet published
19 The Tenth Muse (1650) Two versions: 1650 and 1670 (after her death) First version: long poems on medicine, history, scienceFinal version: short poems about husband, house, and deep attachment to familyRemember Mazlow’s Hierarchy?Apologetic for being a woman
20 Bradstreet used this poetic device Iambic CoupletStressed and unstressed syllables5 sets of stressed and unstressed “feet” per lineTwo lines that rhymeBradstreet used this poetic device
21 Plain Style Writing Ornate Style Writing (Bay Psalm Book) (King James Bible)The Lord to me a shepherd is, Want therefore I shall not, He in the folds of tender grass Doth make me down to lie To waters calm he gently leads Restore my soul doth he He doth in paths of righteousness For his names sake lead me. Yea though in valley of death’s shade I walk none ill I’ll fear, Because thou art with me, thy rod, and staff my comfort are. PSALM 23The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.° Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: For thouart with me; Thy rod and thy staff theycomfort me.PSALM 23The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.° Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: For thouart with me; Thy rod and thy staff theycomfort me.PSALM 23
22 SUPER PURITAN Edward Taylor Minister Emigrated to America 1668 (1642?-1729)MinisterEmigrated to America 1668Believed you should only be a church member if “Grace” had been experiencedDidn’t want his poetry publishedSUPER PURITAN
23 Poetical Works (1939)Tried to defend the original, Puritan faith against some newer (liberal) ideasNOT Plain StyleConceit: strange comparison between two things“Housewifery”
24 Began to read the Bible “seriously” at the age of 12 William Bradford( )Began to read the Bible “seriously” at the age of 12Became Puritan (against some in his family)Wife drowned(?) in the crossing to America
25 Of Plymouth Plantation (1630-1647) Publish in 1856 (!)America is dedicated and sustained by GodLater thought that America has started to become immoral :(“…like an ancient mother grown old and forsaken of her children…”
26 SUPER PURITAN Jonathan Edwards Wrote treatise of insects at 11 ( )Wrote treatise of insects at 11Entered Yale at 13Believed he experienced “Grace”no longer scared of thunder and lightningMinister in MassachusettsDismissed at his insistence of Grace as the foundation of religious lifeSUPER PURITAN
27 Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God (1741) Frenzied the congregationPeople cried out “What shall I do?”Vivid imagery of Hell "There is nothing that keeps wicked men at any one moment out of hell, but the mere pleasure of God."
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