Presentation on theme: "Self-actualization: Maslow’s theory that advocates getting in touch with one's inner-desires in order to help develop or achieve one's full potential."— Presentation transcript:
Self-actualization: Maslow’s theory that advocates getting in touch with one's inner-desires in order to help develop or achieve one's full potential. The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, New York, 1971 key terms in anthropology Christianity (the Bible)Humanistic naturalistic cultures Monistic: man is material, made of one substance, and has no spiritual dimension. Man was not created but has evolved, is a product of chance. Dualistic: man is comprised of both natural and supernatural elements, both flesh and spirit (soul+spirit) Man remain human beings and are random products. Views man as monistic, good by nature and evil is not inherent in human nature (Rogers), and in need of self-actualization (Maslow). Imago Dei: Man was created in the image of God. Man bear the divine image of God as His created beings (Gen. 1:26-27). Though created in God's image, man is fallen by nature and in need of redemption (Luke 19:9-10). States/modes of man: states through which man has passed or in which he currently exists: innocence, fallen, redeemed, and death (hell or glorified).
fundamental conflict between Christianity (the Bible)Humanistic secular cultures assumes that man is purely material, the product of mindless, purposeless forces teaches that man consists of both body and spirit and is created in the image of God man is basically good Jean-Jacques Rousseau says that man has rebelled against God and fallen from his original state of innocence asserts that self-actualization is the key to happiness and fulfillment affirms man's need for divine grace, redemption, and regeneration suggests one solution to the problem of evil in the world: man must throw off the restraints of superimposed social conventions and institutions (moral standard) and pursue self-fulfillment to the fullest possible extent represents evil as the product of the cosmic battle that rages within man – the conflict between humanity as it was meant to be and what it has actually become as a result of sin.
man’s essence Christianity (the Bible)Humanistic secular cultures naturalistic philosophy implications: no gods or purposive forces no foundation for ethics no free will no meaning in life no life after death states of man: Innocent (Gen. 1:27) Fallen (Rom. 5:12, Gen. 6:5) Hell (Rev. 20:15, Heb. 9:27) Redeemed (Rev. 5:9) and Glorified (1 Cor. 15:42) Man’s needs and moral state man's objective is self- actualization and getting in touch with your inner nature, hierarchy of human needs (Maslow), evil is not inherent in human nature (Rogers). Sick people are made by a sick culture (Maslow), cultural influences cause our evil behaviors (Rogers); social institutions and authority structures are blamed for man's evil actions Man’s needs and moral state Allow God to put to death your earthly nature (Rom. 8:13, Col. 3:5-10)
God designed social institutions in social order as a divine imprint containing: authority, submission, roles, relationships, intimacy, and unity The very nature of the triune God, a God of order FamilyChurch God Son Holy Spirit Children Wife Husband Father State King Citizens Jesus Leaders Flock Gen. 2:18 Eph. 5