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Explaining Stroke 101 __________________ © 2011 National Stroke Association
May Is National Stroke Awareness Month National Stroke Association encourages everyone to spread awareness about stroke in May about how to: ADVOCATE – Influence public policy and legislature on stroke survivor issues. EDUCATE – Spread the word about stroke awareness. PARTICIPATE – Get involved and make a difference in the world of stroke. © 2011 National Stroke Association
Be Stroke Smart Recognize —S troke symptoms Reduce — Stroke risk Respond — At the first sign of stroke, CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Facts Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States 795,000 people in the U.S. suffer strokes each year 133,000 deaths in the U.S. each year – From 1998 to 2008, the stroke death rate fell approximately 35 percent and number of deaths fell by 19 percent 7,000,000 stroke survivors © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Facts A leading cause of adult disability Up to 80 percent of all strokes are preventable through risk factor management On average, someone suffers a stroke every 40 seconds in the United States © 2011 National Stroke Association
Women & Stroke Stroke kills more than twice as many American women every year as breast cancer More women than men die from stroke and risk is higher for women due to higher life expectancy Women suffer greater disability after stroke then men Women ages 45 to 54 are experiencing a stroke surge, mainly due to increased risk factors and lack of prevention knowledge © 2011 National Stroke Association
African Americans & Stroke Incidence is nearly double that of Caucasians African Americans suffer more extensive physical impairments Twice as likely to die from stroke than Caucasians High incidence of risk factors for stroke –Includes hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking and sickle cell anemia © 2011 National Stroke Association
Hispanics & Stroke Higher incidence among Mexican Americans than Caucasians Mexican Americans are at increased risk for all types of stroke and TIA at younger ages than Caucasians Spanish-speaking Hispanics are less likely to know stroke symptoms than English-speaking Hispanics, African Americans and Caucasians © 2011 National Stroke Association
Well-known Stroke Survivors President Gerald Ford Teddy Bruschi Sharon Stone Della Reese Kirk Douglas Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy Mary Kay Ash Charles Schultz Harry Caray Charles Dickens Ed Koch Ted Williams © 2011 National Stroke Association
Definition of Stroke Sudden brain damage Lack of blood flow to the brain caused by a clot or rupture of a blood vessel Ischemic = Clot (makes up approximately 87 percent of all strokes) Hemorrhagic = Bleed - Bleeding around brain - Bleeding into brain Thrombotic © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Symptoms Sudden and severe headache Trouble seeing in one or both eyes Sudden dizziness Trouble walking Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg Sudden confusion Trouble speaking If you observe any of these symptoms, CALL IMMEDIATELY Every minute matters! © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Strikes FAST You Should, Too. Call F = FACE: Ask the person to smile. A = ARM: Ask the person to raise both arms. S = SPEECH: Ask the person to speak a simple sentence. T = TIME: If you observe any of these signs, call immediately © 2011 National Stroke Association
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a warning sign of a future stroke – up to 40 percent of TIA patients will have a future stroke Symptoms of TIAs are the same as stroke TIA symptoms can resolve within minutes or hours It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you suspect that you are having or have had a TIA © 2011 National Stroke Association
Perceptions of Stroke Myth – Stroke: Is not preventable Cannot be treated Only strikes the elderly Happens in the heart Recovery ends after 6 months Reality : Up to 80 percent of strokes are preventable Stroke requires emergency treatment Anyone can have a stroke Stroke is a “Brain Attack” Stroke recovery can last a lifetime © 2011 National Stroke Association
The Cost of Stroke The estimated direct and indirect cost of stroke is 73.7 billion in 2010 The mean lifetime cost of ischemic stroke is about $140,048 in the U.S. © 2011 National Stroke Association
How Do You Prevent Stroke? National Stroke Association recommends that you follow these guidelines to help people reduce their risk for stroke. © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Prevention Guidelines 1.Know your blood pressure. Have it checked at least annually. If it is elevated, work with your healthcare professional to control it. 2.Find out if you have atrial fibrillation (Afib) – a type of irregular heartbeat. If you have it, work with your healthcare professional to manage it. 3.If you smoke, stop. © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Prevention Guidelines 4. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. 5. Know your cholesterol number. If it is high, work with your doctor to control it. 6. If you are diabetic, follow your doctor’s recommendations carefully to control your diabetes. © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Prevention Guidelines 7. Include exercise in your daily routine 8. Enjoy a lower sodium (salt) and lower fat diet 9.If you have circulation problems, work with your healthcare professional to improve your circulation. 10.If you experience any stroke symptoms, call immediately. Every minute matters! © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Awareness National Stroke Association recommends that you learn stroke symptoms and how to respond by calling © 2011 National Stroke Association
People Don’t Respond to Symptoms Don’t recognize symptoms Denial Think nothing can be done Worry about cost Think symptoms will go away Fear or don’t trust hospitals © 2011 National Stroke Association
Acute Stroke Treatments Ischemic stroke (brain clot) – Clot busting medication: tPA (tissue plasminogen activator) – Clot-removing devices: Merci Retriever, Penumbra Hemorrhagic stroke (brain bleed) – Clipping – Coiling © 2011 National Stroke Association
Stroke Recovery 10 percent of stroke survivors recover almost completely 25 percent recover with minor impairments 40 percent experience moderate to severe impairments requiring special care 10 percent require care within either a skilled-care or other long-term care facility 15 percent die shortly after the stroke © 2011 National Stroke Association
Types of Stroke Rehabilitation Physical therapy (PT) –Walking, range of movement Occupational therapy (OT) –Taking care of one’s self Speech language therapy –Communication skills, swallowing, cognition Recreational therapy –Cooking, gardening © 2011 National Stroke Association
Lifestyle Changes for Survivors and Caregivers Daily living skills Dressing and grooming Diet, nutrition and eating difficulties Skin care problems Pain Sexuality/Intimacy Behavior Depression & Anger Emotional Liability One-sided Neglect Memory Loss Communication Problems © 2011 National Stroke Association
Types of Recovery Services Rehabilitation unit in the hospital In-patient rehabilitation facility Home-bound therapy Home with outpatient therapy Long-term care facility Community-based programs © 2011 National Stroke Association
National Stroke Association What we do… Aim to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke Advocate for prevention and public education Provide professional education and training Provide recovery resources for stroke survivors and caregivers © 2011 National Stroke Association
National Stroke Association STROKES ( ) © 2011 National Stroke Association
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