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Presented by Michelle Scott Clinical Nurse Specialist Sleep Apnoea 2015.

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1 Presented by Michelle Scott Clinical Nurse Specialist Sleep Apnoea 2015


3 Sleep Facts We spend a third of our life sleeping Sleep is an active state Your brain is busy filing and sorting information and gets you prepared for the next day Your body is also busy producing growth hormones,repairing muscle and bone breaking down sugars, boosting your immune system repairing your skin

4 We go through various stages of sleep each cycle lasts about 90 minutes and repeats 4 to 6 times over the night our deepest sleep occurs in first few hours, and we have more dreaming sleep later in the night. it is normal to have some arousals during the night and we often don’t remember our dreams. Obstructive sleep apnoea prevents you from having good quality sleep, your sleep will be light with frequent arousals.

5 Body clock we have an internal clock that makes us feel sleepy at night and awake during the day exposure to sunlight helps keep the clock in rhythm at night a hormone melatonin is released that helps us sleep

6 Effects of poor sleep Poor concentration Poor memory Slower reaction times Irritability Impaired immune system Risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes and obesity

7 Tips on good sleep habits sleeping-together/

8 Set a regular sleep schedule go to bed and get up at same time every day body clock works best if you have a regular routine adults need on average 7 to 9 hours sleep use naps wisely – no longer than 30 minutes

9 Help your sleep –wake cycle spend time during the day outside in daylight ensure your home and work environment lets lots of daylight in during the day to promote melatonin secretion at night, turn off bright lights, TV, electronic devices and have a dark bedroom if you do get up in the night use dim lights

10 Bedroom environment your bed is for sleeping and intimacy TV, computers, mobile phones, tablets and work should all be left outside the bedroom ensure you have comfortable bedding and room temperature try to eliminate noise and make sure room is dark your lounge should not be your bedroom

11 Things to avoid Avoid big meals just before bed Avoid alcohol and caffeine ( tea, coffee & cola ) at least 4 hours before bed Avoid napping on the couch in the evening Avoid strenuous exercise late in the evening Quit smoking Don’t clock watch

12 What if I can’t sleep ? you can’t force sleep an hour before bed try to unwind from your day Read, take a warm bath, listen to relaxing music, stretch and do relaxation exercises try to sort out the days worries before you go to bed, write down solutions to problems if you are not asleep within 20 minutes, get out of bed and go to another room sit quietly in dim light and do something relaxing e.g. reading or listen to soothing music

13 then go back to bed when you feel tired its normal to wake briefly a few times during the night if you can’t go back to sleep try to remain relaxed, worrying about sleep will only cause stress and anxiety have a notebook by your bed and write down thoughts and solutions to problems, sort these out during the day Reference

14 Lastly Good quality sleep is vital for our overall health and well being so make sure you are eating a well balanced diet, doing at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day and implementing good sleep habits.

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