Presentation on theme: "THE OZ EFFECT Supporting students through phases of transition Stephanie Birk, M.A. Assistant Director of Career Services, University of Illinois at Chicago."— Presentation transcript:
EXERCISE TO EMPATHIZE Your young adult self Feelings Challenges Opportunities
BAD JOB, OR BAD TRANSITION? Higher rate of job turnover – less than 50% of graduates remain with their first employer 2 years after graduation (Sturges & Guest, 2001 in Wendlandt & Rochlen, 2008). Nearly 1/3 of students transfer to a new school during the first years of college. (Pemberton, 2012)
TRANSITIONS UNIVERSAL PROCESS Phases of Transition (Bridges, 2004) An Ending “letting go” Period of Confusion/Distress/Chaos “neutral zone” A New Beginning “new way of being” HO: Personal Transition Reflection
JOHN FISCHER’S “TRANSITION CURVE” HO: Transition Curve
TRANSITIONS 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG ADULT TRANSITION (FOX, 2011) Managing loss Establishing place Focusing on self Searching for purpose
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY OF EMERGING ADULTHOOD LIFE-PHASE SPECIFIC PROCESS Erikson’s Developmental Tasks (Erikson, 1968) Identity vs. Role Confusion High school graduate entering college or work Intimacy vs. Isolation College graduate entering work
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY OF EMERGING ADULTHOOD LIFE-PHASE SPECIFIC PROCESS Seven Vectors (Chickering & Reisser, 1993) Gaining competence Managing emotions Moving through autonomy towards interdependence Developing mature interpersonal relationships Establishing Identity Developing purpose Developing Integrity
IDENTITY FORMATION Marcia’s Identity Formation Model Identity Achievement Undergone a “crisis” and made a commitment Identity Forclosure Not undergone a crisis but made a commitment anyway Identity Moratorium Undergone a “crisis” but failed to commit to a value Identity Diffusion Neither crisis nor commitment has been made. Experiences Crisis Not in Crisis Commitment Made No Commitment Made
MILLENIALS The GAP: 3 differences from Millenials to today’s working culture… Experimentation, Collaboration and Movement. Tried &True vs. Trial & Error Tip 1: Channel experimental creativity through useful tools, i.e. social media/technology Work out Loud vs. Confidentiality Tip 2: Accept the “need to know” basis of confidentiality of the workplace Instantaneous Progress vs. Climbing the Ladder Tip 3: Walk, Don’t Run (Blain, NACE, 2010) HO: Educational Vs. Corporate Culture
HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES Anticipation I can’t wait for the freedom! But… I’m scared! Adjustment Who do I want to be now? Who am I? Will I succeed, or will I fail? Achievement My friends are my family, my college is my home HO: Preparing for Change
COLLEGE GRADUATES DEVELOPMENTAL CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES “Novice” period of adulthood, age 22-33 (Levinson, 1978) “Experimenting stage” (Erikson, 1968) “Starting over” Common Experiences
COLLEGE GRADS Anticipation Time for the real world! Adjustment I’ve got an “expectation hangover” (Hassler, 2008) Out with the old, in the with new Achievement I’m doing it! HO: Are You Ready for A Culture Shock?
NO WORK? AFFECTS OF UNEMPLOYMENT Leads to an erosion of self-esteem Questioning self Becoming more externally focused (loss of sense of control) and feeling helpless Higher levels of anxiety, depression. Unemployed workers are twice as likely as their employed counterparts to experience psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, psychosomatic symptoms, low subjective well-being, and poor self-esteem (Paul & Moser, 2009). Social support can also mitigate the negative impacts of unemployment and underemployment (Belle & Bullock, 2011). Apa.org (Goldsmith, 2008)
SOCIAL SUPPORT/MENTORSHIP Shifting Sands Shared Experience Wise Guides HO: Identifying your Mentors
THANK YOU! Stephanie Birk email@example.com www.linkedin.com/in/stephaniebirk Presentation copy available
REFERENCES Arnett, J.J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: a theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, Vol 55(5), 469-480. Arndt, T. & Ricchini J. (2003). Backpack to briefcase: steps to a successful career. Alexandria, Virginia: Life After Graduation, LLC. Bridges, W. (2004). Transitions: making sense of life’s changes. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. Chickering, A.W. and Reisser, L. (1993). Education and identity. (2 nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Erikson, E. H. Identity, youth and crisis. (1968). New York: WW Norton. 128-135. Fischer, J. (2003) accessed online at: www.businessballs.com. 1/20/12. Fox, K. (2011). Figuring it out: a grounded theory of college to post-college transitions. Hassler, C. (2008). 20 something manifesto: quarter-lifers speak out about who they are, what they want, and how to get it. Novato California: New World Press. Helkowski, C. and Hettich, P. (2005). Connecting college to career. California: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. Krumboltz, J.D. and Levin, A.S. (2004). Luck is no accident: making the most of happenstance in your life and career. California: Impact Publishers. Larose & Boivin (1998). Attachment to parents, social support expectations, and socio-emotional adjustment during the high school to college transition. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 8(1). 1-27. Levinson, D.J. (1978) The Seasons of a man’s life. New York,: Knopf. 78-84. Marcia, J. E. (1973). Ego-Identity Status, in Michael Argyle, Social Encounters. p. 340. Parks, S.D.(2000). Big questions, worthy dreams. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Pemberton, S. (2012). Road to college. accessed online at http://www.roadtocollege.com/. Wendlandt, N.M., and Rochlen, A.B. (2008). Addressing the college to work transition. Journal of Career Development. Vol 35 (2).
MEDIA Emerging Adulthood: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_f8DmU-gQQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_f8DmU-gQQ Millenials: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-enHH-r_FMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-enHH-r_FM 20-something shared experience: http://www.thegraduateguru.com/http://www.thegraduateguru.com/ 8 tips for College Freshmen: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wcQGXQEcTQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wcQGXQEcTQ
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