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Development is persuaded by genetics and environment Based his theories off of two ideas The world gets bigger as we go Failure is cumulative Organized.

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Presentation on theme: "Development is persuaded by genetics and environment Based his theories off of two ideas The world gets bigger as we go Failure is cumulative Organized."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Development is persuaded by genetics and environment Based his theories off of two ideas The world gets bigger as we go Failure is cumulative Organized into eight stages of life that start from the minute you're born Failure to complete each stage successfully can damage your ego

3 Birth-1 year “Can I trust the people around me?” Mother plays important role as caregiver They learn to trust or mistrust depending on level of care Trust=safe and secure Mistrust=worthless and insecure

4 1-3 years “Can I do things myself or am I reliant on the help of others?” Start making decisions for themselves Begin controlling their own body Most needed relationship is with parents Autonomy(independence)= confident Shame/Doubt=low self esteem and inadequacy

5 3-6 years old “Am I good or bad?” Develop imagination while playing Become curious about the world- “Why?” Relationship with basic family is important Initiative=sense of purpose Guilt= embarrassment or failure

6 6-12 years old “How can I be good?” Learn new life skills and knowledge Social involvement School and neighborhood becomes key relationship Industry=skill Inferiority=low self esteem

7 12-19 years old “Who am I?” Responsible for own actions Try to find identity through socially and morally Life gets more complicated Friends are important Identity= strong sense of self and control Confusion=insecure and doubtful of their future

8 20-25 years old “Will I be loved or will I be alone?” Try to find relationships and start family Experience intimacy on deep level Most important relationship is with spouse or partner Isolation= loneliness Intimacy= companionship

9 26-64 years old “How can I contribute to the world?” Work is crucial Find new meanings and purpose due to mid-life crisis Important relationship with workplace, community and family Generativity(ability to produce something)= stable and accomplished Stagnation=unproductive and unimportant

10 65-death “Did I live a meaningful life?” Realize life has meaning Hope to have made a positive contribution Fear death but accept as completion of life Integrity= fulfillment and satisfaction Despair= regret and bitterness visualphotos.com/image/2x /grandmother_and_child_baking&docid=d7XxBtew_VatVM&w=700&h=487&ei=gFRzTtaTMObk0QGg99XOD Q&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=317&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=196&start=0&ndsp=31&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0&tx=143&ty=118&biw=1440&bih=778

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12 What two ideas did Erik Erikson’s base his theories off of? The world gets bigger as we go along and failure is cumulative

13 What stage are high school kids in right now? The 5 th stage, Identity vs. Confusion

14 Why do teenagers fall in this category? There are multiple answers but generally, at this age people are trying to figure out who they are and what they want to do with their life

15 In the 1 st stage of Erikson’s theories, if a caregiver neglects their child's needs, how will this affect the child as they grow? The child will not be able to trust people as easily in the future, which may create problems and could throw off the development through the other stages as well

16 According to Erikson, what stage should people be considering marriage? The 6 th stage, Intimacy vs. Isolation

17 Harder, Arlene F. "The Development Stages of Erik Erikson." Learning Place Online. N.p., Web. 14 Sept Learning Theories. "Erikson's Stages of Development." Learning Theories. N.p., Web. 15 Sept Cherry, Kendra. "Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development." Psychology - Complete Guide to Psychology for Students, Educators & Enthusiasts. Web. 16 Sept


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