Presentation on theme: "Puberty Testosterone in males & estrogen & progesterone in females are responsible for changes that affect teens during puberty. Physical changes Primary."— Presentation transcript:
Puberty Testosterone in males & estrogen & progesterone in females are responsible for changes that affect teens during puberty. Physical changes Primary sex characteristics Gametes; male gametes = sperm, female gametes = ova (eggs) Production of sperm puberty. All eggs are birth, but don’t mature until puberty. Secondary sex characteristics Females; breasts develop, waistline narrows, hips widen, body fat increases. Males; facial hair, voice deepens, shoulders broaden, muscles develop. Both; body hair appears, permanent teeth grow in, perspiration increases.
By the age of 6, brain is 95% of adult size. Cerebrum (thinking part of brain) continues to develop in adolescence. Continual develop increases memory & cognition. How does increases in memory & cognition help you in other ways during adolescence and into adulthood? Problem solving in more complex ways Anticipate consequences of particular actions Think logically Understand different points of views. THE TEENAGE BRAIN
Adolescence associated w/ bursts of energy and waves of strong emotions. Why do you think the emotional changes during adolescence are difficult to control? Making friends & being accepted becomes important. Meeting new people in high school can lead to change in friends. How can meeting new friends and associated with different groups help your personal growth?
Establish emotional & psychological independence. Develop a personal sense of identity. Adopt a personal value system. Establish adult vocational goals. Develop control over your behavior.
Reflect on two moments on your life that you feel changed the way you think or act. “Ah ha moments”, epiphanies. What specific things about these moments changed your perceptions or actions? Now, think about the developmental tasks of adolescents. How did these moments help you reach your developmental tasks of adolescence?
1. What is adolescence? 2. Describe and appraise the significance of two body changes that occur in males and two that occur in females during adolescence. 3. What is cognition?
YOUNG ADULTHOOD Developmental Tasks of young adults To develop personal independence Can begin when an individual leaves home or works full-time Transition moves from emotional support from family, to support from friends to becoming self sufficient Making occupational choices Going to college and choosing a major area of study Enlisting in the military Establishing intimate relationships Need for emotional intimacy; the ability to experience a caring, loving relationship w/ another person w/ whom you can share your innermost feelings. What are some developmental tasks a person should achieve before entering into an emotionally intimate relationship? Why? Contributing to society How do I fit into society? What are my political views and religious beliefs? What are some ways that individuals during young adulthood exercise their ability to contribute to society?
MIDDLE ADULTHOOD Developmental tasks of middle adulthood Contributing to society Helping guide future generations Develop a sense of unity w/ a mate Reverse roles w/ aging parents Helping growing & grown children to be responsible adults Generativity vs. Stagnation Break down the word generativity into two words… genera. & tivity. What other words have the letters “genera” in the word and what other words use the letters “tivity” as the suffix? What do you think these two words mean?
GENERATIVITY vs. STAGNATION Generativity- a sense of productivity and accomplishment. Stagnation- A feeling that arises when a person is self- centered and unable or unwilling to help society, a dissatisfaction with the relative lack of productivity.
LATE ADULTHOOD Developmental tasks of late adulthood Retrospective Looking back on one’s life & accomplishments Individuals will either gain a sense of contentment & integrity if they feel a sense of accomplishment, or a sense of despair if they see a life of disappointments and unachieved goals.
Most empirical research into Erikson has stemmed around his views on adolescence and attempts to establish identity. His theoretical approach was studied and supported, particularly regarding adolescence, by JamesJames E. MarciaE. Marcia.  Marcia's work has distinguished different forms of identity,  and there is some empirical evidence that those people who form the most coherent self-concept in adolescence are those who are most able to make intimate attachments in early adulthood. This supports Eriksonian theory, in that it suggests that those best equipped to resolve the crisis of early adulthood are those who have most successfully resolved the crisis of adolescence. On the other hand, Erikson's theory may be questioned as to whether his stages must be regarded as sequential, and only occurring within the age ranges he suggests. There is debate as to whether people only search for identity during the adolescent years or if one stage needs to happen before other stages can be completed. Do you feel that every individual reaches each development task in the specific age range & in sequential order, or do you believe that individuals can reach certain tasks during different ages & in non-specific order?
1. When do most people reach physical maturity? 2. What is the difference between emotional maturity and emotional intimacy? 3. What are the four developmental tasks of adulthood?
What are the differences between a serious dating relationship and marriage? Relationship becomes more thoughtful. Make deeper commitments to each other. Consider long term consequences when making decisions. Commit to spend lives together & care for each other throughout lives. MARRIAGE STATS
Good communication Share feelings & express needs & concerns. Emotional maturity Try to understand partners’ needs & are willing to compromise. Don’t always think of themselves first. “What is best for the relationship?” Similar values & interests Share attitudes about importance of good health, religious beliefs, cultural heritage, family & friendships. Do opposites attract?
Differences in spending & saving habits. Conflicting loyalties involving family & friends. Lack of communication. Lack of intimacy. Jealously, infidelity, or lack of attention. Decisions about having children & arranging child care. Abusive tendencies or attitudes.
Providing guidance Individual responsibility Encouraging children and helping develop a sense of pride. Instilling values Passing down strong commitment to value system & spirituality. Setting limits Clearly defined set of rules. Allows children to learn limits & become self-directed. How do you feel setting limits leads to becoming self-directed? Giving unconditional love Showing love at all times, whether child is well-behaved, happy, sad, sick or afraid.
1. What commitment do two people make to each other when they marry? 2. What are two communication skills that help determine a successful marital adjustment? 3. Describe how parents, grandparents and others contribute to a healthy family.
Physical Skin loses elasticity Functioning of body’s organs slows Body’s immune system becomes less effective Females experience menopause around Stopping of ovulation and menstruation (can no longer become pregnant). Hormonal changes during menopause associated w/ hot flashes. Mental Mental activities such as solving puzzles, reading and playing board games provide mental stimulation. What are some changes that have occurred in our society that have caused older individuals to learn new things?
Emotional Similar to the “growing pains” of adolescence. Midlife crisis derives from… Questions and concerns about whether they have met their goals Feel loved and valued Have made positive difference in the lives of others. Social Death of a parent or need to adjust to children’s growing up and leaving home (empty nest syndrome). Many individuals pursue new interests and make new friends.
1. What transitions do people in middle adulthood face? 2. What causes empty-nest syndrome? 3. What is integrity?